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Case Name Morales v. Hickman CJ-CA-0004
Docket / Court 06-0219 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Case Summary
On January 11, 2006, several inmates at the state prison at San Quentin filed lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the California Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs, all of whom were scheduled to be executed by lethal ... read more >
On January 11, 2006, several inmates at the state prison at San Quentin filed lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the California Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs, all of whom were scheduled to be executed by lethal injection, alleged that their constitutional rights were threatened, arguing that lethal injection was cruel and unusual punishment that violated the Eighth Amendment. They further argued that pancuronium bromide, a paralytic agent that acts as a chemical veil over the lethal injection process, disguises the pain and suffering to which a prisoner being executed is subjected, masking the constitutional violation.

On February 13, 2006, these cases were consolidated, with Michael Angelo Morales being treated as the lead plaintiff. On February 14, 2006, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California (Judge Jeremy Fogel) conditionally denied the plaintiff's request for a temporary stay of execution, stipulating that the stay would be granted unless the defendants certified in writing that they would either 1) use only sodium thiopental during the execution or 2) agree to obtain an independent verification by a medically qualified individual that the plaintiff is unconscious before he receives the lethal injection. Morales v. Hickman, 415 F.Supp.2d 1037 (N.D.Cal. 2006). The plaintiff appealed. On February 19, 2006, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a per curiam denial of the appeal. Morales v. Hickman, 438 F.3d 926 (9th Cir. 2006). The plaintiff sought review by the U.S. Supreme Court. On February 20, 2006, the U.S. Supreme Court denied the petition for certiorari. Morales v. Hickman, 546 U.S. 1163 (2006).

As the execution was about to commence on February 21, 2006, the two anesthesiologists designated by the defendants to certify that the plaintiff was unconscious declined to participate in the execution due to ethical concerns arising from their lack of understanding of certain language in the opinions that had been issued in the case. As a result of this hesitation, the execution did not go forward as scheduled. Later the same day, the District Court (Judge Fogel) again ordered the execution by lethal injection to go forward, using sodium thiopental. For reasons that are not specified in our documents, the execution was not carried out, the defendants were unwilling or unable to execute the plaintiff in accordance with the requirements of the District Court, and a stay of execution to permit an evidentiary hearing issued automatically pursuant to the District Court's order of February 14, 2006.

From September 26-29, 2006, the District Court held an evidentiary hearing to resolve the issue. On December 15, 2006, the District Court (Judge Fogel) issued an opinion holding that it would be unconstitutional to inject a prisoner who was not unconscious and ordering the defendants to review and revise their execution procedures.

On January 16, 2007, the defendants responded to the district court's order, advising the court of their intent to revise the state's execution procedures and asking the court for a protective order that would allow them to obtain accurate and candid information necessary to the revision. On March 6, 2007, the District Court denied the motion for a protective order, holding that it was unnecessary. On May 15, 2007, the State of California issued the Lethal Injection Protocol Review, a document that discussed the history and procedures involved in lethal injection, as well as necessary changes that would be made to the procedure.

On July 2, 2007, the Plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint alleging that the defendant's Lethal Injunction Protocol Review still created "a grave and substantial risk that Plaintiff will not be adequately unconscious during the execution process and, as a result, will experience an excruciatingly painful and protracted death." Accordingly, the Plaintiffs argued that the defendant's protocol represented an unconstitutional risk of severe pain.

In the meantime, the United States Supreme Court decided on April 16, 2008 Baze v. Rees. In that case, the Court upheld Kentucky's lethal injection protocol as constitutional. Significant to the case at hand, the Kentucky protocol utilized the same three-drug cocktail as California's amended protocol does. The Court established that to show an 8th amendment violation, a plaintiff must prove that a State's lethal injection protocol "creates a demonstrated risk of severe pain. [They] must show that the risk is substantial when compared to the known and available alternatives." The Court found that Kentucky's protocol did not violate this standard. Moreover, the plurality opinion held that "a lethal injection protocol substantially similar to the protocol we uphold today would not create a risk that meets this standard."

On October 8, 2010, the Plaintiffs filed their fourth amended complaint again alleging that the defendant's Lethal Injunction Protocol Review "will subject them to present demonstrated substantial risks of inflicting tortuous pain and suffering under the Eighth Amendment." Furthermore, the Plaintiffs contended that "Defendants' continued use of their three-drug procedure when tested, available alternatives exist establishes that the demonstrated risk of severe pain by Defendants' process is substantial when compared to the known and available alternatives. Defendants have refused to adopt such alternatives in the face of these documented advantages, without any legitimate penological justification for their continued retention of the three-drug protocol."

On October 25, 2010, the Defendants filed a motion to dismiss for a failure to state a claim. The defendants argued, "plaintiffs failed to state a claim for a facial challenge to California's regulations because the regulations are substantially similar to or exceed the regulations approved by the United States Supreme Court in Baze." Moreover, the motion argued, "Plaintiffs have not alleged facts sufficient to state a claim that, as written, California's regulations will necessarily subject Plaintiffs to a substantial risk of serious harm, where serious harm means severe pain." However, the defendants did not challenge the plaintiffs as applied challenge.

On December 10, 2010, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California issued an order denying the Defendants' motion to dismiss for a failure to state a claim. Given the defendants' burden at the motion to dismiss stage of the litigation, the court was unwilling to find that the plaintiffs had failed to state a claim. However, the court made clear that it "intends to monitor closely the scope and pace of any additional discovery so that the merits of Plaintiffs' claims can be adjudicated promptly."

On June 19, 2013 the District Court for the Northern District of California granted the plaintiff's motion to intervene and to stay execution for an additional plaintiff. On September 17, 2013 the Court granted another motion to intervene for two more plaintiffs.

On November 7, 2014, the Criminal Justice Legal Foundation filed a lawsuit called Winchell & Alexander v. Beard against the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) in Sacramento County Superior Court. The plaintiffs were two individuals whose family members had been murdered by inmates currently on death row who are plaintiffs in Morales v. Hickman. The plaintiffs in Winchell & Alexander argued that as relatives of the victims they had been denied justice by the continued delays of the executions. http://www.cjlf.org/releases/15-07.htm. This case was settled on June 2, 2015 when CDCR agreed to promulgate a single-drug lethal injection regulation within 120 days after the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Glossip v. Gross. On June 29, 2015 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Glossip that the sedative midazolam may be part of the lethal injection protocol. http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Capital_Punishment/history_of_capital_punishment.html.

On October 27, 2015 CDCR submitted its notice of proposed adoption of lethal injection regulations to the Office of Administrative Law for publication in the California Regulatory Notice Register, pursuant to the settlement in Winchell & Alexander v. Beard. The notice was published in the register on November 6, 2015. http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Capital_Punishment/docs/Timeline-Lethal-Injection-Protocol-Regs-Factsheet.pdf?pdf=Capital-Punishment. The proposed regulations would change the death penalty protocol from the three-drug cocktail to a single drug. http://www.mercurynews.com/crime-courts/ci_29410131/california-death-penalty-new-execution-method-under-scrutiny. It is likely that the death penalty will appear on the November 2016 ballot in California, as death penalty opponents are preparing a measure that would abolish the death penalty, while proponents are proposing a measure that would reform and speed up the death penalty system. http://www.mercurynews.com/crime-courts/ci_29389450/field-poll-california-death-penalty-is-toss-up.

Justin Benson - 02/05/2012
Anna Jones - 03/28/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Death Penalty
Lethal Injection - Chemicals Used
Lethal Injection - General
Lethal Injection - Staffing (including physician)
Defendant-type
Corrections
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Death-row inmates at California’s San Quentin State Prison
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing CJ-CA-0005 : Pacific News Service v. Woodford (N.D. Cal.)
Docket(s)
(N.D. Cal.) 04/26/2013
CJ-CA-0004-9001 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 01/11/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0001 PDF | Detail
Motion 01/13/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0002 PDF | Detail
Motion for TRO 01/26/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0003 PDF | Detail
Plaintiff's Proposed Compliance Order 02/01/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0012 PDF | Detail
Complaint 02/10/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0040 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Consolidating Cases 02/13/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0041 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 02/14/2006 (415 F.Supp.2d 1037 ) (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Defendant's Motion to Proceed with Execution Under Alternative Condition 02/14/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Application for Stay of Execution 02/17/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0005 PDF | Detail
Appellant's Opening Brief 02/17/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0006 PDF | Detail
State's Brief and Opposition to Motion for Stay of Execution 02/17/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0007 PDF | Detail
Plaintiff's Reply Brief and Reply to Oppositon to Motion for Stay of Execution 02/18/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0008 PDF | Detail
Petition for Rehearing and Request for Rehearing en Banc and Stay of Exectuion 02/19/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0009 PDF | Detail
Order 02/19/2006 (438 F.3d 926)
CJ-CA-0004-0049 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Application for Stay of Execution 02/20/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0010 PDF | Detail
Petition for Certiorari Denied 02/20/2006 (546 U.S. 1163)
CJ-CA-0004-0050 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
State's Filing of Redacted Revised Operational Procedure 03/06/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0013 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Amended Complaint (April 6, 2006) 04/06/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0014 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint 04/06/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0042 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulated Order Continuing Evidentiary Hearing to September 19, 2006 04/27/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0015 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Pre-Hearing Conference Statement #1 09/03/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0016 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Pre-Hearing Conference Statement #2 09/03/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0017 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Refiled Joint Pre-Hearing Conference Statement #1 09/15/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0018 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Refiled Joint Pre-Hearing Conference Statement #2 09/15/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0019 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Refiled Joint Pre-Hearing Conference Statement #2 09/15/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0020 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/22/2006 (2006 WL 2724152) (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0021 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
September 26-29, 2006 Evidentiary Hearing Transcript 09/26/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0022 PDF | Detail
Request for Briefing 10/03/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0023 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
State's Post-Hearing Brief and Response to Court's Questions 11/09/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0024 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Post-Trial Declaration of Dr. Mark Heath 11/09/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0027 PDF | Detail
Post-Trial Declaration of Dr. Kevin Concannon 11/09/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0028 PDF | Detail
Supplemental Declaration of Dr. William Ebling 11/09/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0029 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Michael Loomis, DVM 11/09/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0030 PDF | Detail
Joint Filing of Statement of Undisputed Facts - Redacted 11/27/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0025 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Morales' Post Hearing Brief - Redacted 11/28/2006
CJ-CA-0004-0026 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Court's Memorandum 12/15/2006 (465 F.Supp.2d 972) (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0031 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Response to Court's Memorandum 01/16/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0032 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Protective Order 01/16/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0033 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Response of Governor's Office to Court's Memorandum 01/16/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0034 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Response 01/31/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0035 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opposition to Motion for Protective Order 01/31/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0036 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Related Plaintiff's Opposition to Motion for Protective Order 01/31/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0039 PDF | Detail
Order Denying Motion for Protective Order 03/06/2007 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0037 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
State of California Lethal Injection Protocol Review 05/15/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0038 PDF | Detail
Third Amended Complaint for Equitable and Injunctive Relief [42 U.S.C. § 1983] 07/02/2007
CJ-CA-0004-0043 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Fourth Amended Complaint for Equitable and Injunctive Relief [42 U.S.C. § 1983] 10/08/2010
CJ-CA-0004-0045 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Notice of Motion and Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim 10/25/2010
CJ-CA-0004-0044 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opposition of Plaintiffs Michael A. Morales and Albert G. Brown to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss 11/08/2010
CJ-CA-0004-0046 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order RE Partial Motion to Dismiss 12/10/2010 (757 F.Supp.2d 961) (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0047 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Motion and Motion to Intervene and to Stay Execution by Kevin Cooper; Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support Thereof; Proposed Order 04/05/2013
CJ-CA-0004-0048 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Kevin Cooper's Motion to Intervene and to Stay Execution 06/19/2013 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0051 PDF | Detail
Document Source: Bloomberg Law
Order Granting Scott Pinholster and William Payton's Motion to Intervene and to Stay Execution 09/17/2013 (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0052 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Fisher, Raymond C. (Ninth Circuit)
CJ-CA-0004-0049
Fogel, Jeremy D. (N.D. Cal.)
CJ-CA-0004-0004 | CJ-CA-0004-0011 | CJ-CA-0004-0015 | CJ-CA-0004-0021 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0023 | CJ-CA-0004-0031 | CJ-CA-0004-0041 | CJ-CA-0004-0047 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (SCOTUS, Ninth Circuit)
CJ-CA-0004-0050
Kleinfeld, Andrew Jay (Ninth Circuit, D. Alaska) [Magistrate]
CJ-CA-0004-0049
McKeown, M. Margaret (Ninth Circuit)
CJ-CA-0004-0049
Seeborg, Richard G. (N.D. Cal.) [Magistrate]
CJ-CA-0004-0051 | CJ-CA-0004-0052 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Anders, Ginger (District of Columbia)
CJ-CA-0004-0001 | CJ-CA-0004-0002 | CJ-CA-0004-0003 | CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-0008 | CJ-CA-0004-0009 | CJ-CA-0004-0010 | CJ-CA-0004-0014 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0027 | CJ-CA-0004-0028 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Cohbra, Sara Melissa (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
DeWitt, Katie Christine (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0048 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Doherty, Jean M. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Drozdowski, Mark Raymond (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Grele, John R. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0001 | CJ-CA-0004-0002 | CJ-CA-0004-0003 | CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-0008 | CJ-CA-0004-0009 | CJ-CA-0004-0010 | CJ-CA-0004-0012 | CJ-CA-0004-0014 | CJ-CA-0004-0015 | CJ-CA-0004-0016 | CJ-CA-0004-0017 | CJ-CA-0004-0018 | CJ-CA-0004-0019 | CJ-CA-0004-0020 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0025 | CJ-CA-0004-0026 | CJ-CA-0004-0027 | CJ-CA-0004-0028 | CJ-CA-0004-0029 | CJ-CA-0004-0030 | CJ-CA-0004-0035 | CJ-CA-0004-0036 | CJ-CA-0004-0037 | CJ-CA-0004-0040 | CJ-CA-0004-0042 | CJ-CA-0004-0043 | CJ-CA-0004-0045 | CJ-CA-0004-0046 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Hile, Norman C. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0048 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Kennedy, Sean Kevin (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Lam, Janice (Illinois)
CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-0008 | CJ-CA-0004-0009 | CJ-CA-0004-0010 | CJ-CA-0004-0014 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Laurence , Michael David (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Moniz, Leo (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0048 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Morrison, Kelly Marie (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Reinhart, Stephanie L. (Illinois)
CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Richardson-Royer, Elizabeth Hilda (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Senior , David Andrew (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0001 | CJ-CA-0004-0002 | CJ-CA-0004-0003 | CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-0008 | CJ-CA-0004-0009 | CJ-CA-0004-0010 | CJ-CA-0004-0012 | CJ-CA-0004-0014 | CJ-CA-0004-0015 | CJ-CA-0004-0016 | CJ-CA-0004-0017 | CJ-CA-0004-0018 | CJ-CA-0004-0019 | CJ-CA-0004-0020 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0025 | CJ-CA-0004-0026 | CJ-CA-0004-0027 | CJ-CA-0004-0028 | CJ-CA-0004-0029 | CJ-CA-0004-0030 | CJ-CA-0004-0035 | CJ-CA-0004-0036 | CJ-CA-0004-0037 | CJ-CA-0004-0040 | CJ-CA-0004-0042 | CJ-CA-0004-0043 | CJ-CA-0004-0045 | CJ-CA-0004-0046 | CJ-CA-0004-0049 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Spelman, Kate (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Steinken , Richard P. (Illinois)
CJ-CA-0004-0001 | CJ-CA-0004-0002 | CJ-CA-0004-0003 | CJ-CA-0004-0005 | CJ-CA-0004-0006 | CJ-CA-0004-0008 | CJ-CA-0004-0009 | CJ-CA-0004-0010 | CJ-CA-0004-0012 | CJ-CA-0004-0014 | CJ-CA-0004-0015 | CJ-CA-0004-0016 | CJ-CA-0004-0017 | CJ-CA-0004-0018 | CJ-CA-0004-0019 | CJ-CA-0004-0020 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0025 | CJ-CA-0004-0026 | CJ-CA-0004-0027 | CJ-CA-0004-0028 | CJ-CA-0004-0029 | CJ-CA-0004-0030 | CJ-CA-0004-0035 | CJ-CA-0004-0036 | CJ-CA-0004-0037 | CJ-CA-0004-0040 | CJ-CA-0004-0042 | CJ-CA-0004-0043 | CJ-CA-0004-0045 | CJ-CA-0004-0046 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Tria, Ann−Kathryn Rose (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Weston, Benjamin David (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Anderson, Robert R. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0007 | CJ-CA-0004-0013
Brown, Edmund G. Jr. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0044
Engler , Gerald A. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0007 | CJ-CA-0004-0013 | CJ-CA-0004-0024 | CJ-CA-0004-0032
Gillette , Dane R. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0007 | CJ-CA-0004-0013 | CJ-CA-0004-0015 | CJ-CA-0004-0022 | CJ-CA-0004-0024 | CJ-CA-0004-0032 | CJ-CA-0004-0033 | CJ-CA-0004-0049 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Goldman, Jay M. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0044 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Graves, Mary Jo (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0024 | CJ-CA-0004-0032
Kirschenbauer, Marisa Yee (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Matthais, Ronald Stephen (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0007 | CJ-CA-0004-0013 | CJ-CA-0004-0022
Matthias, Ronald Stephen (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0024 | CJ-CA-0004-0032 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Patterson, Thomas S. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0044 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Quinn, Michael James (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0044 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Other Lawyers Cuomo, Dianna Lynn (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Eurie, Stacy Boulware (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0033 | CJ-CA-0004-0034
Ferreira, Brentford Joseph (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Gevercer, Steven Mark (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0033 | CJ-CA-0004-0034 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Hanisee, Michele A. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Krishnan, Ajay (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0039 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Lach, Jo Ann (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Millman, Michael G. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Moran, Patrick Denis (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Olson, Karl (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Park, Ann Hyanghun (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001
Renner, Jonathon K. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0033 | CJ-CA-0004-0034
Risher , Michael Temple (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0039
Schlosser, Alan Lawrence (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0039
Streeter, Jon B. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0039 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Thurm, Wendy J. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-0039 | CJ-CA-0004-9001
Wilcox, Rochelle L. (California)
CJ-CA-0004-9001

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