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Case Name Barnes v. Government of the Virgin Islands PC-VI-0003
Docket / Court 76-191 ( D.V.I. )
State/Territory Virgin Islands
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In the early 1970's, various prisoners at the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility in the U.S. Virgin Islands filed lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Government of the Virgin Islands in the U.S. District Court for the District of the Virgin Islands. The plaintiffs, represented by ... read more >
In the early 1970's, various prisoners at the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility in the U.S. Virgin Islands filed lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Government of the Virgin Islands in the U.S. District Court for the District of the Virgin Islands. The plaintiffs, represented by Legal Services of the Virgin Islands, alleged that their constitutional rights had been violated by various unstated deficiencies in the facility's operations.

On March 31, 1976, the U.S. District Court for the District of the Virgin Islands (Judge Warren Young) appointed a commission of five people (three citizens and two inmates) to investigate the facility and to submit their findings and recommendations to the court. On May 1, 1976, the commission submitted its final report to the court, and the court adopted the commission's findings as its own.

On May 20, 1976, the court (Judge Young) held that the prison did not meet constitutionally required standards in the areas of medical care, dental care, psychiatric care, provision of food, visitation, mail, disciplinary procedures, and religious programming. The court ordered the defendants to bring these areas up to the constitutional standard and warned them that if they did not do so, the prisoners would be sent to institutions on the mainland. The court further warned the defendants that if these instructions were not followed, the court would refuse to incarcerate nondangerous offenders in the future. Barnes v. Government of the Virgin Islands, 415 F.Supp. 1218 (D.V.I. 1976).

Kristen Sagar - 05/03/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Disciplinary procedures
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Mail
Religious programs / policies
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Government of the Virgin Islands
Plaintiff Description Inmate
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1976 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion with Order 05/20/1976 (415 F.Supp. 1218) (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Young, Warren Howard (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0003-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Hamlin, Thomas L. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0003-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Amalie, Charlotte (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0003-0001
Branch, Milton C. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0003-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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