University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name U.S. v. Virgin Islands PC-VI-0002
Docket / Court 86-CV-0265-F ( D.V.I. )
State/Territory Virgin Islands
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On May 28, 1985, the U.S. Department of Justice [DOJ] notified the Governor of the Virgin Islands that it was commencing an investigation of alleged unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, pursuant to the Civil Rights of ... read more >
On May 28, 1985, the U.S. Department of Justice [DOJ] notified the Governor of the Virgin Islands that it was commencing an investigation of alleged unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1997. The DOJ issued a findings letter on January 23, 1986, advising that it had reasonable cause to believe that inmates confined to the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility were being deprived of their constitutional rights.

On October 23, 1986, the DOJ filed suit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997 in the United States District Court for the District of the Virgin Islands, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility. The parties settled the case shortly thereafter and a formal Consent Decree was approved by the District Court (Judge O'Brien) on December 1, 1986. The Decree called for various reforms to Golden Grove Adult Correctional Facility in the areas of fire safety, security, sanitation and medical care.

Implementation of the specified reforms called for in the Consent Decree occurred for years. The DOJ employed a penology expert, John Dahm, to monitor compliance and to assist in development of a correction plan. Several enforcement and contempt motions filed by the DOJ followed over the years.

According to the docket, a show cause hearing was held on February 8 - 10, 2006 before Magistrate Judge Cannon. On April 18, 2006, Judge Cannon granted the DOJ's motion to find defendant in contempt and appointed a Special Master.

On May 15, 2007, the Court again found the defendants in contempt. Throughout the next few years the parties engaged in numerous evidentiary disputes and, on September 12, 2011, the case was reassigned to Judge Wilma A. Lewis. On August 31, 2012, the parties filed a joint motion for settlement that prescribed prospective relief to resolve any remaining compliance issues within the correctional facility. On May 14, 2013, Judge Lewis granted the joint motion and adopted the settlement agreement as the court's order. The parties later agreed to Kenneth A. Ray as the monitor for the facility's remaining reforms. The case is still ongoing and Monitor Ray continues to file monitoring reports with the court.

Dan Dalton - 02/20/2007
Alex Wharton - 12/03/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Fire safety
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Virgin Islands
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1986 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
86-265 (D.V.I.) 09/23/1993
PC-VI-0002-9001.pdf | Detail
86-265 (D.V.I.) 11/29/2014
PC-VI-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 10/23/1986
PC-VI-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Consent Decree 12/01/1986 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Amended Implementation Plan 09/22/1987
PC-VI-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Memorandum of Compliance Conference and Order (11-12--87) 11/12/1987 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Support of Motion for Order to Show Cause 12/23/1987
PC-VI-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Motion for Order to Show Cause 12/29/1987
PC-VI-0002-0016.pdf | Detail
Motion for Contempt 03/18/1988
PC-VI-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Order 03/24/1988 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0017.pdf | Detail
Oppostion to Plaintiff's Motion for Contempt 03/28/1988
PC-VI-0002-0007.pdf | Detail
Order 05/25/1988 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0019.pdf | Detail
Order 10/21/1988 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0018.pdf | Detail
Order 11/09/1989 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Order 04/11/1990 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Order 05/24/1991 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Motion to Lift Lock-Down 01/01/1993
PC-VI-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Support of United States' Motion to Lift Lock-Down 01/01/1993
PC-VI-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
Fax [regarding motion to amend consent decree] 10/28/1993
PC-VI-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
Declaration of U.S. Expert 12/07/1993
PC-VI-0002-0013.pdf | Detail
Order 12/07/1993 (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0014.pdf | Detail
Consent Decree 08/31/2012
PC-VI-0002-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion to Enter Consent Judgment 08/31/2012
PC-VI-0002-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Cannon, George W. Jr. (D.V.I.) [Magistrate]
PC-VI-0002-9000
Kelleher, Robert Joseph (C.D. Cal.)
PC-VI-0002-0009
Lenahan, John E. (D.V.I.) [Magistrate]
PC-VI-0002-0004 | PC-VI-0002-0007
Moore, Thomas K. (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0011 | PC-VI-0002-0012 | PC-VI-0002-0014
O'Brien, David V. (D.V.I.)
PC-VI-0002-0002 | PC-VI-0002-0017 | PC-VI-0002-0018 | PC-VI-0002-0019
Resnick, Jeffrey L. (D.V.I.) [Magistrate]
PC-VI-0002-0008 | PC-VI-0002-0010 | PC-VI-0002-0014
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Austin, Roy L. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020
Barrick, Andrew J. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Batenga, Ernest F. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Branch, Lashanda D. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Brett, Sharon (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Chirunga , Lashanda Branch (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Coon, Laura (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Diehm, James W. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0001 | PC-VI-0002-0002
Fidler, Gayle D. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0004 | PC-VI-0002-0005 | PC-VI-0002-0006 | PC-VI-0002-0007 | PC-VI-0002-0010 | PC-VI-0002-0016
Gunston, Emily A. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Halpern, Terry M. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0005 | PC-VI-0002-0006
Hewlett, Joycelyn (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020
Lareau, Alyssa Connell (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Lomio, Rita Katherine (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Mabe, Hugh P. III (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0011 | PC-VI-0002-0012 | PC-VI-0002-0014
Meese, Edwin III (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0001
Miller, V. Colleen (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0001 | PC-VI-0002-0002 | PC-VI-0002-0005 | PC-VI-0002-0006 | PC-VI-0002-0007 | PC-VI-0002-0016
Myrthil, Marlysha (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Oliver, Jim U. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0006
Payne, Timothy R. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0011 | PC-VI-0002-0012 | PC-VI-0002-0014 | PC-VI-0002-0015
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0001 | PC-VI-0002-0002
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020
Reynolds, William Bradford (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0001 | PC-VI-0002-0002 | PC-VI-0002-0005 | PC-VI-0002-0006 | PC-VI-0002-0016
Rifkin, Marjorie Lynn (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0015
Sharpe, Ronald W. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0020
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0011 | PC-VI-0002-0012
Tyson-Floyd, Angela (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Volek, Jude (District of Columbia)
PC-VI-0002-0020
Defendant's Lawyers Ballentine, Rosalie S. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0014
Chinnery, Aquannette Y. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
D'Andrade, Shari N. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
de Castro, Godfrey R. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0003 | PC-VI-0002-0007
DiRuzzo, Joseph A. III (Florida)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Frazer, Vincent (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0020 | PC-VI-0002-0021
Grant, Darlene (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0012 | PC-VI-0002-0014
James, Raymond T. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Mercer, Leroy (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0002
Moore, Treston E. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-0003 | PC-VI-0002-0004 | PC-VI-0002-0005 | PC-VI-0002-0006 | PC-VI-0002-0007
Oswald, Nathan T. (Ohio)
PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Robertson, Kenrick E. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Schrader, Richard Jr. (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Thomas-Jacobs, Carol (Virgin Islands)
PC-VI-0002-9000
Walinski, Richard S. (Ohio)
PC-VI-0002-0021 | PC-VI-0002-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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