University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Elmaghraby v. Ashcroft IM-NY-0025
Docket / Court 1:04−cv−01809 ( E.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
This case was one of two related actions filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York by plaintiffs who were investigated for suspected terrorist ties in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and were eventually deported or left the U.S. The other case was styled Turkmen v. ... read more >
This case was one of two related actions filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York by plaintiffs who were investigated for suspected terrorist ties in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and were eventually deported or left the U.S. The other case was styled Turkmen v. Ashcroft [IM-NY-7]. Both cases were assigned to District Court Judge John Gleeson.

The plaintiffs were Muslim aliens from Egypt and Pakistan that were arrested and detained in the Metropolitan Detention Center ("MDC") in Brooklyn, New York after being classified as "high interest" subjects in the government's 9/11 terrorism investigation. They alleged a broad range of claims that fell into two categories: (1) that their initial detention for immigration violations was a pretext to detain them while the FBI investigated them for terrorist activity and (2) that the conditions of their confinement flagrantly violated the Constitution. They specifically alleged violations of the First, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments; international law; the Alien Tort Statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1350; the Religious Freedom Restoration Act ("RFRA"), 42 USC § 2000bb; the civil rights conspiracy statute, 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3); and the Federal Tort Claims Act ("FTCA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2671 et seq.

The first plaintiff was released and returned to his native Pakistan.

The government moved to dismiss the case on various grounds, including that the individually named defendants were entitled to qualified immunity. Judge Gleeson denied their motion on qualified immunity grounds. Elmaghraby v. Ashcroft, No. 04 CV 1409, 2005 WL 2375202 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 27, 2005). After Judge Gleeson's ruling on the motions to dismiss, the United States settled the second plaintiff's claims for the sum of $300,000.

Defendants pursued an interlocutory appeal as to the denial of qualified immunity for the first plaintiff's claims. The Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the rejection of the defense of qualified immunity by the District Court, except as to the claim of violation of procedural due process rights. Iqbal v. Hasty, 490 F.3d 143 (2nd Cir. 2007). The government filed a petition for a writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court on December 17, 2007.

On May 18, 2009 the Supreme Court reversed the Second Circuit, holding that detainee's complaint failed to plead sufficient facts to state claim for purposeful and unlawful discrimination. The first plaintiff's case was settled effective November 11, 2009.

Dan Dalton - 01/04/2008
Nadji Allan - 10/23/2014


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
General
Conditions of confinement
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Detention - conditions
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Religious Freedom Rest. Act/Religious Land Use and Inst. Persons Act (RFRA/RLUIPA)
Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA), 28 U.S.C. § 2674
Bivens
Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), 28 U.S.C. § 1350
42 U.S.C. § 1985
Defendant(s) Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Prisons
Plaintiff Description Muslim men detained at Metropolitan Detention Center for immigration violations and investigation of terrorist ties in the wake of 9/11
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing IM-NY-0007 : Turkmen v. Ashcroft (E.D.N.Y.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:04-cv-01809-JG-SMG (E.D.N.Y.) 01/04/2010
IM-NY-0025-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint and Jury Demand 05/03/2004
IM-NY-0025-0004 PDF | Detail
Third Amended Class Action Complaint and Demand for Jury Trial [RELATED CASE] 09/13/2004
IM-NY-0025-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint and Jury Demand 09/30/2004
IM-NY-0025-0006 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [re: Motions to Dismiss] [RELATED CASE] 12/03/2004 (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [re: Motions to Dismiss] 09/27/2005 (2005 WL 2375202 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 214) (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0017 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Second Amended Complaint and Jury Demand 10/20/2005
IM-NY-0025-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Brief] 02/27/2006
IM-NY-0025-0001 PDF | Detail
Stipulation for Compromise Settlement and Release of Federal Tort Claims Action Claims Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §2677 02/27/2006
IM-NY-0025-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of Dismissal with Prejudice 03/15/2006 (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [re: Motion to Dismiss] [RELATED CASE] 06/14/2006 (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [re: Motion to Compel] [RELATED CASE] 08/02/2006 (2006 WL 2224492) (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0011 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Amended Class Action Complaint and Demand for Jury Trial [RELATED CASE] 04/17/2007
IM-NY-0025-0013 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
USCA Opinion 06/14/2007 (490 F.3d 143)
IM-NY-0025-0014 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Cabranes, Jose Alberto (Second Circuit, FISCR, D. Conn.)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Gleeson, John (E.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0025-0001 | IM-NY-0025-0008 | IM-NY-0025-0009 | IM-NY-0025-0010 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Gold, Steven M. (E.D.N.Y.) [Magistrate]
IM-NY-0025-0011 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Newman, Jon Ormond (D. Conn., Second Circuit)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Sack, Robert David (Second Circuit)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ball, David (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Bhattacharyya, Mamoni (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Carrillo, Arturo (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0013
Chang, Nancy (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0013
Cole, David D. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Donoghue, Keith M. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Epstein, Harvey David (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Goodman, William Harry (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Green, Jennifer (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Hoffman, Paul L. (California)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Kadidal, Shayana (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Koob, Elizabeth L. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Magoolaghan, Joan (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0002 | IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Meeropol, Rachael (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Oken, Rima Jennifer (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Olshansky, Barbara J. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Phillips, C William (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Reinert, Alexander A. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0001 | IM-NY-0025-0004 | IM-NY-0025-0006 | IM-NY-0025-0007 | IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Shanker, Vijay (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0013
Slovinsky, Claudia (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005
Soohoo, Cynthia (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Stolar, Martin R. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Winger, Michael (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Yoon, Haeyoung (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0004 | IM-NY-0025-0006 | IM-NY-0025-0007 | IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Yu, Stephanie (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0005 | IM-NY-0025-0013
Defendant's Lawyers Apte, Anagha S. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Avallone, Rocco G. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Barghaan, Dennis C. (Virginia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Bell, David E. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Bloom, Margo Giselle (Pennsylvania)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Bohorquez, Fernando A. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Boyd, Nashiba D. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Caldwell, Leslie R. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Cohen, Jennifer (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Cronin, Linda (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Culley, Grace B. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Curtis, Cheryl A. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Driscoll, Melissa Kelly (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Feldman, Cary M (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Freedus, Matthew S (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Garre, Gregory G. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Goldman, Robert (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Graham, Robert A (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Granger, Raymond (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Gregg, Larry L. (Virginia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Hammer, Scott L. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Handler, Stephen E. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0002 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Hart, Ronald Paul (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Herwig, Barbara L. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Hogan, Matthew (Pennsylvania)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Kaizer, NIcholas Gregory (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Katsas, Gregory G. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Keefe, James J. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Keisler, Peter D. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Keith , Frederick Ryan (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Koenigsberg, David A. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Lahlou, Shari Ross (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Lasky, Barry M. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Lawler, William E. III (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Lawrence, R. Craig (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Leonard, Christina (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Loeb, Robert Mark (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Marino, Linda Marie (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Martinez, Michael L. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Matthews, James F. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
McMillan, Bridgett (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
McNulty, Paul J (Virginia)
IM-NY-0025-0017
Mikkelsen, Deborah Prisinzano (Pennsylvania)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Miller, Brian D. (Virginia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Murphy, Kenneth C. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Murphy, Justin P. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Nagel, Laura L (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Nagle, Mark Earl (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Resnick, Lauren J. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Richman, Labe M. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Roth, Deborah L. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Ryan, James G. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Scarlato, Matthew (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Shanmugam, Kannon K. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Shivers, Yvonne (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Smart, Kyler (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Sponseller, Richard W (Virginia)
IM-NY-0025-0014 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Sullivan, Thomas M. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Taffet, Allan N. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0017 | IM-NY-0025-9000
Vecchione, John Julian (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Wainstein, Kenneth L. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-0017
Weinberg, Jaime H. (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Wolin, Alan E. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-9000
Other Lawyers Kalhan, Anil (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014
Wishnie, Michael J. (New York)
IM-NY-0025-0014

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -