University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Dixon v. Duncan PC-VA-0009
Docket / Court 2906 ( E.D. Va. )
State/Territory Virginia
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
Sometime prior to 1963, a prisoner at the District of Columbia Reformatory in Lorton, Virginia filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the District of Columbia in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The plaintiff asked the court to enjoin the threatened ... read more >
Sometime prior to 1963, a prisoner at the District of Columbia Reformatory in Lorton, Virginia filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the District of Columbia in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The plaintiff asked the court to enjoin the threatened integration of the last remaining all-white dormitory in the prison, arguing that the defendants had discriminated against white inmates by not giving them their choice of living in all-white dormitories, while black inmates were given the choice of living in all-black dormitories.

On May 21, 1963, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (Judge Oren Lewis) issued the injunction, holding that the plaintiff had established discrimination under the Civil Rights Act. Dixon v. Duncan, 218 F.Supp. 157 (E.D.Va. 1963). We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 05/04/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Classification / placement
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) District of Columbia
Plaintiff Description Prisoner seeking to enjoin threatened integration of dormitory at federal reformatory
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1963 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 05/21/1963 (218 F.Supp. 157) (E.D. Va.)
PC-VA-0009-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Lewis, Oren Ritter (E.D. Va.)
PC-VA-0009-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers Cacheris, Plato (District of Columbia)
PC-VA-0009-0001
Gray, Chester H. (District of Columbia)
PC-VA-0009-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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