University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Baker v. Campbell PC-AL-0026
Docket / Court 4:03-cv-01114-UWC ( N.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
On May 13, 2003, a group of prisoners filed a 42 U.S.C. §1983 class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama in order to challenge the constitutional adequacy of medical care provided by the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC), Naphcare, Inc., and St. ... read more >
On May 13, 2003, a group of prisoners filed a 42 U.S.C. §1983 class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama in order to challenge the constitutional adequacy of medical care provided by the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC), Naphcare, Inc., and St. Clair Correctional Facility (St. Clair) to inmates housed at St. Clair. Plaintiffs requested declaratory and injunctive relief as well as class certification.

On May 23, 2003, Plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction. On June 26, 2003, the parties entered into a court-enforceable "Preliminary Injunction Settlement Agreement" in order to resolve Plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction. The agreement provided that Defendants would, without admitting liability, work to cure any existing violation of federal rights by: (a) hiring and maintaining additional staff, (b) timely providing all necessary medical treatment, and (c) keeping Plaintiffs' counsel apprised of efforts to engage in good faith compliance with the agreement. The parties also provided that the agreement would terminate upon final resolution of the case.

On March 18, 2004, the District Court (Chief Judge U.W. Clemon) issued an order granting Defendant Naphcare's Motion to be dismissed from the suit on grounds that Naphcare no longer provided medical services to inmates of Alabama correctional facilities. The court ordered that the case proceed against the remaining Defendants.

On June 2, 2004, the parties entered into a Settlement Agreement in order to resolve the litigation. The agreement provided for the certification of a plaintiff-class (consisting of "all present and future inmates who are or will be incarcerated at St. Clair Correctional Facility and who are in need of medical care") for purposes of settlement only. Defendants agreed to undertake a number of reform efforts elaborated in a separate "Agreement of Experts", including: (a) providing adequate and timely medical treatment, (b) providing adequate levels and types of staffing, (c) developing and implementing performance measures, and (d) adopting an oversight and quality management program.

The Settlement Agreement also required Defendants to undertake specific courses of care and treatment for four of the named plaintiffs.

To ensure Defendants' compliance, the agreement further provided for the appointment of an independent consultant charged with overseeing the implementation of the agreement. The consultant was required to periodically visit and audit St. Clair during the period between July 1, 2004 and July 1, 2006, and to submit written reports to ADOC and Plaintiffs' counsel for the purpose of tracking Defendant ADOC's progress toward achieving "substantial compliance" with the terms of the Settlement Agreement.

The Settlement Agreement specified, however, that it was not a consent decree and was not enforceable in federal court. It provided that, in the event of non-compliance with the terms of the Settlement Agreement, Plaintiffs would be entitled to enforce the agreement in state court only, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §3626(c)(2)(B). Alternatively, Plaintiffs would be entitled to bring a new action in federal court.

After notice of the proposed settlement was issued to the class, several individual class-members submitted their objections. Nevertheless, on August 31, 2004, after holding a fairness hearing, the District Court (Judge Clemon) approved the consent settlement and finally dismissed the case.

We have no further information on this case.

Vidhya Reddy - 02/26/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Disability
Hearing impairment
Medical/Mental Health
Hepatitis
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Naphcare, Inc.
St. Clair Correctional Facility
Plaintiff Description All present and future inmates who are or will be incarcerated at St. Clair Correctional Facility and who are in need of medical care
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
4:03-cv-01114-UWC (N.D. Ala.) 08/31/2004
PC-AL-0026-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 05/13/2003
PC-AL-0026-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint 05/23/2003
PC-AL-0026-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Preliminary Injunction Settlement Agreement 06/27/2003
PC-AL-0026-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreement of Experts [Exhibit] 01/21/2004
PC-AL-0026-0004 PDF | Detail
Order Granting Motion to Dismiss [Defendant NAPHCARE] 03/19/2004 (N.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0026-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement 06/02/2004
PC-AL-0026-0006 PDF | Detail
Judges Clemon, U. W. (N.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0026-0005 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brownstein, Rhonda C. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0001 | PC-AL-0026-0002 | PC-AL-0026-0003 | PC-AL-0026-0006 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Bruner, Kelley McNair (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0001 | PC-AL-0026-0002 | PC-AL-0026-0003 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Dees, Morris S. Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0002 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Graham, Grace Gabriel (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0001 | PC-AL-0026-0002 | PC-AL-0026-0003 | PC-AL-0026-0006 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Addison, William F. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0003 | PC-AL-0026-0006 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Murrill, James Edward Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-9000
Patton, James Arthur Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-0003 | PC-AL-0026-9000
Perkins, Giles G. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0026-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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