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Case Name Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago PN-IL-0007
Docket / Court 1:74-cv-03268 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On November 13, 1974, eighteen named individuals and fifteen named groups, relying on 42 U.S.C. § 1983, brought a civil action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Chicago's mayor and police officials. The plaintiffs claimed that the police defendants engaged ... read more >
On November 13, 1974, eighteen named individuals and fifteen named groups, relying on 42 U.S.C. § 1983, brought a civil action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Chicago's mayor and police officials. The plaintiffs claimed that the police defendants engaged in a broad range of activities constituting unlawful intelligence gathering of suspected subversives in violation of the plaintiffs' rights under the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, as well as their rights under 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510-2520 (regarding electronic surveillance). In addition to class action status for their case, the plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, compensatory damages, and attorneys' fees and costs. Private counsel and the Cook County Public Defender's Office represented the plaintiffs.

District Judge William J. Lynch, on May 16, 1975, denied the defendants' motion to dismiss, rejecting their justiciability, statute of limitations and insufficient pleadings-based challenges to the complaint. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 407 F. Supp. 115 (N.D. Il. 1975). In an unpublished ruling on July 31, 1975, then-District Judge Joel M. Flaum issued a protective order to limit disclosure to plaintiffs' attorneys of documents produced in discovery. In succeeding months, the defense sought to extend the protective order to certain depositions and interrogatories.

Discovery proceedings proved contentious during the following year. On March 5, 1976, District Judge Alfred Y. Kirkland, Sr., denied a defense request for a protective order to shield the mayor from having to provide an oral deposition. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D. 428 (N.D. Il. 1976). Separately, Judge Kirkland also ruled upon plaintiffs' motion to compel a response to written interrogatories, finding (among other things) that no "informer's privilege" existed to resist disclosure of the identity of persons who participated in intelligence gathering on lawful activities, as opposed to those who provided information on violations of law. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D 430 (N.D. Il. 1975). Later that year, Judge Kirkland revised the protective order to protect the defendants' data gathering system from public disclosure, since it had not yet been shown to be illegal. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D. 431 (N.D. Il. 1976). Soon thereafter, the judge enjoined the defendants from joining or infiltrating the plaintiffs' legal team, a tactic which the plaintiffs' documentary evidence showed had been employed, earlier, by the defense. The court also enjoined the defendants from using data they or their agents obtained as a result of joining plaintiffs' legal team and by gathering information about plaintiffs' case by means other than orderly discovery procedures. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D. 435 (N.D. Il. 1976). In another ruling that day, to sanction the defendants for failure to answer interrogatories in a meaningful way, Judge Kirkland held that plaintiffs had made a prima facie showing of parts of their complaint, shifting to defendants the burden of showing that they had not engaged in certain activities. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D. 438 (N.D. Il. 1976).

On October 3, 1975, a second, similar lawsuit, ACLU v. Bell, was filed in the same court by several individual and organizational plaintiffs represented by private counsel and an assistant federal public defender. Over a period beginning in 1977, the FBI, Justice Department, CIA, various officials of these agencies, and the Secretary of Defense were added as defendants. The two cases were consolidated for discovery purposed on July 2, 1976. In mid-1977, discovery battles continued, with Judge Kirkland granting in part the federal defendants' request to stay class discovery pending interlocutory appeal of class certification (he allowed discovery relating to the named plaintiffs), and rejecting defense invocations of the informer's privilege. Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 75 F.R.D. 441 (N.D. Il. 1977). Earlier, Judge Kirkland had certified two classes of plaintiffs subjected to the alleged illegal surveillance and intelligence gathering-one of individuals and the other of organizations-with the certification applicable to the declaratory and injunctive relief requests only, excluding the damages aspect of the complaint. The defendants' interlocutory appeals failed, Alliance to End Repression v. Rochford, 558 F.2d 1031 (7th Cir. 1976) (table) and 565 F.2d 975 (7th Cir. 1977) (Circuit Judge Robert A. Sprecher), and the Supreme Court refused to grant certiorari to review the class certification. Rochford v. Alliance to End Repression, 434 U.S. 828 (1977). Continued litigation of discovery issues, including objections based upon informer's and state secrets privilege assertions, resulted in judicial suggestions to explore settlement. American Civil Liberties Union v. Brown, 609 F.2d 277 (7th Cir. 1979) (District Judge James E. Noland, by designation); American Civil Liberties Union v. Brown, 619 F.2d 1170 (7th Cir. 1980) (en banc) (Circuit Judge Walter J. Cummings).

Eventually, with trial slated to occur in 1981, the parties reached accord on two settlement documents, one referred to as the FBI settlement and the other as the CIA settlement. Most plaintiffs approved of the settlements. Two dissenting political organizations and a few individual plaintiffs dismissed their claims, rather than settle. On February 13, 1981, the court conducted a fairness hearing regarding the proposed settlements and, afterward, continued to receive input, objections, and clarifying information about the terminology and scope of the settlements. District Judge Susan Getzendanner accepted and approved the two settlements on August 11, 1981. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 91 F.R.D. 182 (N.D. Il. 1981). Separately, proposed settlements between most plaintiffs and the City of Chicago and the Defense Department defendants were approved by Judge Getzendanner. Her March 30, 1982, order noted that the settlement with the city provided the plaintiffs with the injunctive relief they requested, barring political spying and harassment and limiting investigative activities based on First Amendment protected conduct except in four specific types of investigations: criminal, dignitary protection, public gatherings, and regulatory investigations, all governed by a commencement standard of reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. The settlement's restrictions on domestic intelligence gathering activities by the Defense Department prohibited unlawful activity by the agency and its agents. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 561 F. Supp. 537 (N.D. Il. 1982). Appendices to that opinion contain the text of the settlement with the city and related documents. Id.

Despite the settlements, decades of litigation followed. On March 7, 1983, the Department of Justice issued new Guidelines on Domestic Security/Terrorism Investigations. Plaintiffs had Judge Getzendanner enjoin the FBI from implementing in Chicago the portion of the new guidelines that gave less protection from investigations based on First Amendment-protected activity than was provided for under the settlement agreement. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 561 F.2d 575 (N.D. Il. 1983). On appeal, a panel of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit deemed the injunction unwarranted, in the absence of any indication of substantial and imminent danger of the FBI violating the decree, and changed the injunction to a declaratory judgment. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 733 F.2d 1187 (7th Cir. 1984) (District Judge Edward Dumbauld, by designation). The court then voted to hear the case, en banc. After re-argument, the court reversed the district court, saying that the new investigative guidelines were not inconsistent with the consent decree. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 742 F.2d 1007 (7th Cir. 1984) (en banc) (Circuit Judge Richard A. Posner).

In an October 24, 1985 unpublished order, Judge Getzendanner sanctioned the city defendants for a years-before non-disclosure of certain files to plaintiffs, ruling that several paragraphs of the plaintiffs' complaint concerning dissemination of information would be deemed true without being subject to rebuttal, and allowing one of plaintiffs' attorneys fees incurred in seeking the files and the sanctions.

By the end of 1985, cross-motions for summary judgment had been filed by the remaining parties (two organizational plaintiffs, three individual plaintiffs, and the city defendant). Judge Getzendanner ruled that the actions of the city police as to lawful speech activities of a retired social worker, a civil liberties organization, and a peace organization violated these plaintiffs' First Amendment rights. The court awarded the organizations $20,625 apiece, plus costs, and the individual $10,000, plus costs. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 627 F. Supp. 1044 (N.D. Il. 1985). Related attorneys' fee litigation occurred over the next few years, as discussed below.

Meanwhile, by 1989, the Chicago Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador ("Chicago CISPES") petitioned the district court for discovery under and enforcement of the settlement. They alleged that from March 1983 through June 1985, they were unlawfully investigated as a part of a national CISPES investigation that stemmed from unreliable and unverified informant information. On June 28, 1989, Magistrate Judge Joan Lefkow directed the FBI to provide discovery. Conceding defects in the CISPES investigation, the FBI had disciplined personnel connected with it, segregated and archived away from the FBI records gathered during the investigation, and conducted nationwide training on how to deal with activities protected by the First Amendment. These remedial actions, the FBI said, mooted CISPES' request for relief. In turn, CISPES cross-moved for summary judgment. On October 3, 1991, in an unpublished ruling, Judge Ann C. Williams granted CISPES' motion, finding the FBI had violated the settlement decree and the controversy was not moot, since the FBI had not shown that its misconduct was incapable of reoccurring. CISPES later prevailed in seeking additional discovery from the FBI concerning its interviews of Arab-Americans during the time period surrounding the Persian Gulf War in early 1991, when (in an April 9, 1992, unpublished decision) Magistrate Judge Lefkow ruled that such discovery would be relevant to whether the FBI's training was adequate as contemplated by the consent decree. In an also-unpublished order dated June 26, 1992, Judge Williams denied the FBI's objection to the discovery ruling. On October 14, 1992, Judge Williams directed expunging of data identifying Chicago CISPES members and associates from government records regarding the CISPES investigation. Later unpublished rulings awarded plaintiffs' counsel attorneys' fees for efforts in monitoring compliance with the court's decree. The award and the finding of intentional noncompliance with the court's decree were reversed by the Seventh Circuit, which ruled that negligent violation of the decree during nationwide efforts in the CISPES investigation did not merit the district court's earlier findings; in turn, the plaintiffs were not prevailing parties entitled to attorneys' fees. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 119 F.3d 472 (7th Cir. 1997) (Circuit Judge Terence T. Evans).

Separately, three activist groups filed an enforcement petition under the consent decree. They alleged misconduct by city police in connection with the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1996. Following a hearing, Magistrate Judge Edward A. Bobrick's unpublished October 27, 1999, report recommended granting summary judgment for the city. The plaintiffs' objected. On review, District Judge Joan B. Gottschall sustained the objections, in part. Using the "clear and convincing" standard of proof to determine whether violations of the decree had been established, the judge found that the plaintiffs' evidence failed to meet this standard in most instances; but some testimony, if believed by a fact-finder, could provide clear and convincing evidence that, because of plaintiffs' First Amendment-protected views and activities, police engaged in conduct violating the decree. As to events shown by this testimony, Judge Gottschall's unpublished May 8, 2000, order denied the city's summary judgment motion. Later, a four day bench trial occurred regarding these events. The judge ruled, in an unpublished order on December 22, 2000, that the plaintiffs' evidence failed to meet the clear and convincing standard of proof. Earlier, the judge's unrelated, unpublished order of September 21, 2000, rejected a petitioner's claim that police had violated the decree by mistakenly retaliating against him, a police officer, for his supposed leaks to the press during an investigation into police corruption.

By then, Judge Williams had denied the city's motion to modify the nearly twenty year old consent decree. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 66 F. Supp.2d 899 (N.D.Il. 1999). In a different motion, the city submitted a number of hypothetical questions to the court, in hopes of receiving guidance to help avoid violations of the decree. The court ruled in a May 2000, unpublished order that Article III limitations precluded it from providing an advisory opinion. The city appealed Judge Williams' 1999 denial of their modification request. A Seventh Circuit panel, on January 11, 2001, reversed the lower court, directing it to modify the decree as the city had requested. Judge Posner noted that the city had not asked for abrogation of the decree and would still be bound to adhere to its' core protections and enforcement provisions. He observed that changing circumstances since the decree's entry-particularly the increased threat of terrorism-warranted ensuring that the police had the ability to monitor statements, build a file, or plant an undercover agent among a group discussing the desirability of committing acts of violence in pursuit of an ideological agenda. Unless the motives of the police were improper or the methods forbidden by other provisions of federal or state law, other cities' police could perform basic investigative functions inhibited by the decree in Chicago. Because prior misconduct of police should not impair public safety in the present and because the modified decree amply protected First Amendment rights, the appellate court ruled in the city's favor. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 237 F.3d 799 (7th Cir. 2001). On remand, Judge Gottschall's unpublished March 2, 2001, order granted the city's motion and modified the consent decree.

A police union official attempted, in December 2001, to use the decree to sanction police officials who, allegedly, investigated him because of his union-related statements. On February 26, 2003, Judge Gottschall granted the city's motion to dismiss the union official's enforcement petition. (We do not have a copy of the motion or of the order granting it.)

From 1985 through 2004, many rulings addressed denials and awards of attorneys' fees. Litigation centered on the applicability of the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412, passed after the lawyers reached the 1981-82 settlements but effective after the court approved the settlements. To track the course of these disputes, review (1) Judge Getzendanner's unpublished orders of October 24, 1985, and September 4, 1986; (2) Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 820 F.2d 873 (7th Cir. 1987) (Circuit Judge Frank Easterbrook); (3) Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 899 F.2d 582 (7th Cir. 1990) (per curiam); (4) Judge Williams' unpublished order of August 9, 1990; and (5) Judge Gottschall's unpublished orders of May 26, 2000, September 21, 2000, and November 2, 2000. In 2000, the district court approved payment of attorneys' fees. Over $1 million in fees were awarded to plaintiffs' counsel for services performed during between 1994 and 2001. (We do not have a copy of the district court's ruling(s) granting these payments.) On appeal, the Seventh Circuit reversed the award. The panel opinion by Judge Posner observed that the legal services provided during the 1994-2001 period involved two failed contempt proceedings; the plaintiffs' failed opposition to the modification of the decree; and efforts to monitor the city's compliance with the decree, which efforts merely led to the failed contempt proceedings and which efforts were entirely uncalled for by the decree (which made monitoring duties a responsibility of a public body rather than of plaintiffs' counsel). Thus, the court could not say the applicant attorneys had represented "prevailing parties" in any of the efforts, nor that they acted pursuant to some obligation imposed by the decree or other law. Even when their services responded to the city's attempt at modification of the decree, the attorneys were not entitled to fee recovery because their opposition to modification "verged on the unreasonable." Judge Posner noted that the absence of a sunset provision or termination date in the decree posed a considerable defect, one not present in more modern decrees. He observed that, after the decree's modification, something of a sunset provision had been provided in that, after the completion of the independent audit in or before 2006, the district judge was to consider whether the decree had outlived its usefulness. Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 356 F.3d 767 (7th Cir. 2004).

On September 30, 2008, the Northern District of Illinois (Judge Gottschall) denied the City's motion to dissolve the modified consent decree. The court found that although the decree was "probably ripe for dissolution," the City had failed to conduct an independent audit that would allow the court to review the City's compliance.

The City appealed to the 7th Circuit, which dismissed the appeal on August 4, 2009. In the meantime, the district court (Judge Gotschall) dissolved the modified consent decrees in related cases (1:74-cv-3268 and 1:75-cv-3295).

On April 13, 2011, Judge Gotschall granted the City's motion to dismiss the case without prejudice. According to the order, petitioners were permitted to seek reinstatement of the petition if the City failed to conduct an audit and allow the court to review the results, as required by the modified consent decree. The court (Judge Gotshchall) gave the petitioners 45 days to file a motion to reinstate the petition, after which time the case would be dismissed without prejudice. There was no further court involvement in this case.

Mike Fagan - 06/25/2008
Priyah Kaul - 10/22/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Auditing
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Reporting
Required disclosure
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Incident/accident reporting & investigations
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) City of Chicago
Federal Bureau of Investigation
US Department fo Justice Drug Enforcement Agency
Plaintiff Description Individuals or organizations in the City of Chicago who engage or have engaged in lawful political, religious, educational or social activities and have been subjected to or threatened by infiltration, coercion, surveillance, etc, by the defendants
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1981 - 2011
Case Closing Year 2011
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:01-cv-09586 (N.D. Ill.) 02/26/2003
PN-IL-0007-9002.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:74-cv-03268 (N.D. Ill.) 05/22/2007
PN-IL-0007-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:75-cv-03295 (N.D. Ill.) 06/19/2007
PN-IL-0007-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Defendants' Motion to Dismiss] 05/16/1975 (407 F.Supp. 115) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Defendants' Motion for Protective Order] 03/05/1976 (75 F.R.D. 428) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion to Compel] 03/05/1976 (75 F.R.D. 430) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion to Modify Protective Order] 10/14/1976 (75 F.R.D. 431) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction] 11/10/1976 (75 F.R.D. 435) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion to Impose Sanctions] 11/10/1976 (75 F.R.D. 438) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
[Table of Decisions - United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit] 03/01/1977 (558 F.2d 1031)
PN-IL-0007-0040.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Defendants' Motion to Stay Class Discovery] 06/07/1977 (75 F.R.D. 441) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Untitled 10/03/1977 (434 U.S. 828)
PN-IL-0007-0043.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Appellate Opinion [Regarding Class Certification Decisions] 11/22/1977 (565 F.2d 975)
PN-IL-0007-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Settlement Agreements with the FBI and CIA] 08/11/1981 (91 F.R.D. 182) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law Concerning Settlement Agreements with the City of Chicago and the Secretary of Defense 03/30/1982 (561 F.Supp. 537) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding New FBI Guidelines Contradictory to Settlement Agreement] 04/18/1983 (561 F.Supp. 575) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Appellate Opinion [Regarding District Court's Aug. 11, 1981, Decision on New FBI Guidelines] 02/23/1984 (733 F.2d 1187)
PN-IL-0007-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Appellate Opinion [Regarding District Court's Aug. 11, 1981, Decision on New FBI Guidelines (After Reargued En Banc)] 08/08/1984 (742 F.2d 1007)
PN-IL-0007-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding ACLU's Motion to Correct and Motion for Sanctions, etc.] 10/24/1985 (1985 WL 3300) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0038.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Cross Motions for Summary Judgment] 12/30/1985 (627 F.Supp. 1044) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion for Attorney's Fees] 09/04/1986 (1986 WL 9762) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0022.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Appellate Opinion [Regarding Awarding of Attorneys' Fees] 05/26/1987 (820 F.2d 873)
PN-IL-0007-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
[Table of Decisions - United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit] 02/01/1988 (840 F.2d 920)
PN-IL-0007-0041.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Magistrate Lefkow and Discovery Matters Involving State Secrets] 07/28/1989 (1989 WL 88237) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0023.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Magistrate Lefkow's Order on Discovery] 08/08/1989 (1989 WL 92030) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0024.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Appellate Opinion [Regarding Attorneys' Fees] 03/22/1990 (899 F.2d 582)
PN-IL-0007-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Gutman's Fee Petition] 08/09/1990 (1990 WL 115571) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0025.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding FBI's Motion to Strike] 06/25/1991 (1991 WL 117915) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0026.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Cross Motions for Summary Judgment by Chicago CISPES and the FBI] 10/03/1991 (1991 WL 206056) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0027.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Decision [Regarding Petitioners' Motion to Permit Supplemental Discovery] 04/09/1992 (1992 WL 80527) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0028.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Respondent FBI's Objections to Magistrate Judge's Ruling] 06/26/1992 (1992 WL 159495) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0029.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Expungement of Government Records Regarding the CISPES Investigation] 10/14/1992 (1992 WL 296388) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0039.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Motion for an Award of Attorney's Fees] 03/15/1994 (1994 WL 86690) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0030.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Appellate Opinion [Regarding Enforcement of Consent Decree] 07/02/1997 (119 F.3d 472)
PN-IL-0007-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding City's Motion to Modify Consent Decree] 09/30/1999 (66 F.Supp.2d 899) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Summary Judgment and Potential Violations of the Consent Decree] 05/08/2000 (2000 WL 562480) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0031.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Interpretation of the Consent Decree] 05/26/2000 (2000 WL 709485) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0032.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Plaintiffs' Attorney's Fees Motion for Monitoring Compliance With FBI Consent Decree] 05/26/2000 (2000 WL 709482) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0033.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Risley's Petition to Enforce the City of Chicago Consent Decree] 09/21/2000 (2000 WL 1368004) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0034.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Reconsideration of Plaintiffs' Attorney's Fees Motion for Monitoring Compliance With FBI Consent Decree] 09/21/2000 (2000 WL 1367999) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0035.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Breakdown of Attorney's Fees for Monitoring the Consent Decree] 11/02/2000 (2000 WL 1947055) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0036.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Regarding Claims Raised in an Enforcement Petition] 12/22/2000 (2000 WL 1898594) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0037.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Appellate Opinion 01/11/2001 (237 F.3d 799)
PN-IL-0007-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Complaint for Enforcement of Consent Decree, Damages and Other Relief [From Consolidated Case 01-9586] 12/17/2001
PN-IL-0007-0001.pdf | Detail
Appellate Opinion [Regarding Attorneys' Fees] 01/28/2004 (356 F.3d 767)
PN-IL-0007-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order 09/30/2008 (2008 WL 4450304) (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0044.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0010 | PN-IL-0007-0011 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0014
Brown, Geraldine Soat (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate]
PN-IL-0007-0001
Coffey, John Louis (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0010
Crowley, John Powers (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0008
Cudahy, Richard Dickson (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0009 | PN-IL-0007-0010
Cummings, Walter Joseph (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0010
Dumbauld, Edward (W.D. Pa.)
PN-IL-0007-0009
Easterbrook, Frank Hoover (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0011 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0013 | PN-IL-0007-0014
Eschbach, Jesse Ernest (N.D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0010
Evans, Terence Thomas (E.D. Wis., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Getzendanner, Susan Christine O'Meara (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0005 | PN-IL-0007-0007 | PN-IL-0007-0021 | PN-IL-0007-0022 | PN-IL-0007-0038
Gottschall, Joan B. (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate]
PN-IL-0007-0031 | PN-IL-0007-0032 | PN-IL-0007-0033 | PN-IL-0007-0034 | PN-IL-0007-0035 | PN-IL-0007-0036 | PN-IL-0007-0037 | PN-IL-0007-0044 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001 | PN-IL-0007-9002
Hart, William Thomas (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0001 | PN-IL-0007-9002
Kanne, Michael Stephen (N.D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Kirkland, Alfred Younges Sr. (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020
Lefkow, Joan Humphrey (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate]
PN-IL-0007-0028
Lynch, William Joseph (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0007-0003
Pell, Wilbur Frank Jr. (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0010
Posner, Richard Allen (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0009 | PN-IL-0007-0010 | PN-IL-0007-0011 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0014
Sprecher, Robert Arthur (Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0008
Swygert, Luther Merritt (N.D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0008
Williams, Ann Claire (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-0023 | PN-IL-0007-0024 | PN-IL-0007-0025 | PN-IL-0007-0026 | PN-IL-0007-0027 | PN-IL-0007-0029 | PN-IL-0007-0030 | PN-IL-0007-0039
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barker, William T. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Bartlett, Shannon P. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9001
Byman, Robert L (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0019
Cassel, Douglas W (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0007 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Deutsch, Michael (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Dobbs, Kenneth Paul (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Eglit, Howard (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003
Feldman, Edward W (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
FitzSimmons, Joseph Thomas (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0001 | PN-IL-0007-9002
Freeman, Zachary J (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9001
Fritzsche, Sybille C. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0021
Grossman, Harvey (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0013 | PN-IL-0007-0014
Gutman, Richard M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003 | PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0005 | PN-IL-0007-0007 | PN-IL-0007-0008 | PN-IL-0007-0009 | PN-IL-0007-0010 | PN-IL-0007-0011 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Gutman, Richard M. (New Jersey)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0013 | PN-IL-0007-0014 | PN-IL-0007-0017
Haddix, Lance (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003 | PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Hassett, Joseph (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0009 | PN-IL-0007-0010
Howard, Robert C. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0008 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Hutchinson, Roger Sanford (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-0014 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Jackowiak, Lawrence V (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Klink, Val (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003 | PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020
Koziboski, Edward J (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-0014 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Kraft, Lois Lipton (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Lundy, Joseph R (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0021
Mathias, John H Jr (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Muller, Gerald J (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0019
Piers, Matthew J. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Polikoff, Alexander L (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004
Schwartz, Adam D. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0014
Staunton, Thomas M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Tucker, Robert L. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004
Vollen, Robert J (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0008 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Defendant's Lawyers Aguiar, William Macy (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Babbitt, Ellen M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Baldwin, Sharon (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0011 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Baldwin, Roger (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Burns, James B (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Chiphe, Imani (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Christenson, Robert C (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0021
Coghlan, James L (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Daley, James (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020
Daly, John F. (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Dent, Thomas A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Fisher, Linda (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Fitzpatrick, Peter (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0005 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Forgue, Thomas (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Forrest, Davida Kay (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Forti, Michael A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Frey, Scott A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Friedman, Albert B (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Garber, Stanley (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0004 | PN-IL-0007-0012
Hiegel, Adrienne L. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9001
Hunger, Frank W. (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Johnson, Matthew Lincoln (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Johnson, William V (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Johnson, Patrick Walter (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Jones, Gregory C (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0021
Kanter, William (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Keane, George M. Jr. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020
Kopp, Robert E (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0008
Kruse, J. Charles (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0007 | PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Lipstein, Freddi (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0009
McGovern, Patrick F (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001 | PN-IL-0007-9002
McNamara, John (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Melton, Bruce William (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Miner, Judson Hirsch (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Moran, Edward J (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0021
Morris, Howard Patrick (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Moscovitch, Ruth M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Murtaugh, George Joseph Jr. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Nelson, Harry Joshua (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000 | PN-IL-0007-9001
Nereim, Mardell (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9000
O'Brien, Richard J. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9001
Ordonez, Edward M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Parkinson, Larry R (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Quinlan, William R. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003 | PN-IL-0007-0008 | PN-IL-0007-0015 | PN-IL-0007-0016 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0018 | PN-IL-0007-0019 | PN-IL-0007-0020 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Rader, Robert M (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Rhine, Frederick S (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Rosenthal, Lawrence (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002
Royce, Thomas (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Shapiro, Howard M. (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Sher, Susan S. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Sher, R. Joseph (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-0013 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Siegan, Jerome A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0003 | PN-IL-0007-0008
Skinner, Samuel K (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0008 | PN-IL-0007-0017 | PN-IL-0007-0019
Solomon, Benna R. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0002
Suffredin, Lawrence Jr (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012 | PN-IL-0007-0021
Sullivan, Thomas P. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0008
Tanzillo, Paul Anthony (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Unger, Margaret A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0006 | PN-IL-0007-9000
Walsh, Thomas P. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0013
Welsh, Kelly Raymond (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0012
Willard, Richard K. (District of Columbia)
PN-IL-0007-0010
Worseck, Andrew W (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-9001
Zreczny, Myriam (Illinois)
PN-IL-0007-0014
Other Lawyers None on record

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