University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. Dallas County JC-TX-0012
Docket / Court 07-1559 ( N.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In November 2005, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice ("DOJ"), acting pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq., commenced an investigation into the conditions of confinement at the Dallas County Jail in Dallas, Texas. ... read more >
In November 2005, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice ("DOJ"), acting pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq., commenced an investigation into the conditions of confinement at the Dallas County Jail in Dallas, Texas.

Based on its investigation, the DOJ concluded that the conditions and practices at the Jail violated the constitutional rights of convicted inmates and pre-trial detainees. On December 8, 2006, the DOJ issued a letter advising Dallas County of minimum reform measures it should implement in order to remedy the unconstitutional practices. The suggested reforms related to the areas of: (1) medical care, (2) mental health care, and (3) environmental health and safety.

On September 12, 2007, the DOJ filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, alleging the same violations that were detailed in the findings letter. The parties entered a consent decree with the court shortly thereafter, and the court approved it on November 6, 2007. Under the terms of the consent decree, the defendants agreed to institute changes in the following areas: medical intake screening, acute medical care, chronic medical care, communicable disease treatment and management, follow-up care, record-keeping, facilities, administration of medication, specialty care, staffing, training, supervision, dental care, mental health care evaluation, mental health care treatment, suicide prevention, laundry, sanitation, environmental control, and fire safety.

On July 15, 2008, the first independent monitor's report was filed; subsequent reports appear in the docket every six months.

The parties agreed in 2011 that the Defendant had complied with the requirements of the consent decree, and the case was terminated on November 4, 2011.

Kristen Sagar - 10/02/2008
Anna Dimon - 01/31/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Content of Injunction
Auditing
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Preliminary relief granted
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Required disclosure
Defendant-type
Corrections
General
Bathing and hygiene
Conditions of confinement
Fire safety
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Dental care
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Mental health care, general
Self-injurious behaviors
Skin Infections
Suicide prevention
Tuberculosis
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Dallas County
Dallas County Sheriff's Office
Plaintiff Description The Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2007 - 2011
Case Closing Year 2011
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Written: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:07-cv-01559-N (N.D. Tex.) 11/04/2011
JC-TX-0012-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Re: Investigation of the Dallas County Jail, Dallas, Texas 12/08/2006
JC-TX-0012-0001 PDF | Detail
Complaint 09/12/2007 (2007 WL 3312213)
JC-TX-0012-0002 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order 11/06/2007 (2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 98386)
JC-TX-0012-0003 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Inmate Declaration 10/15/2008
JC-TX-0012-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Notice of Termination 11/04/2011
JC-TX-0012-0004 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Foster, James (State Trial Court)
JC-TX-0012-0003
Godbey, David C. (N.D. Tex.)
JC-TX-0012-9000
Keliher, Margaret Court not on record
JC-TX-0012-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brown Cutlar, Shanetta Y. (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003
Comisac, Rena J. (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003
Deutsch, David (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003 | JC-TX-0012-0004 | JC-TX-0012-9000
Kim, Wan J. (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0001
Nolan, William E. (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003 | JC-TX-0012-9000
Parker, John R (Texas)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003 | JC-TX-0012-0004 | JC-TX-0012-9000
Roper, Richard B. III (Texas)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003
Saldana, Sarah R. (Texas)
JC-TX-0012-0004
Weiss, Daniel H. (District of Columbia)
JC-TX-0012-0002 | JC-TX-0012-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Harlan, Peter L (Texas)
JC-TX-0012-0003 | JC-TX-0012-0004 | JC-TX-0012-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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