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Case Name Howard v. Bass PC-VA-0004
Docket / Court 84-0322 ( E.D. Va. )
State/Territory Virginia
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1985, a prisoner of a Virginia state facility filed two class action lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Virginia Department of Corrections in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. Both lawsuits settled and were approved by the Court, one on May 13, 1985 ... read more >
In 1985, a prisoner of a Virginia state facility filed two class action lawsuits under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Virginia Department of Corrections in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. Both lawsuits settled and were approved by the Court, one on May 13, 1985 and the other on June 5, 1985 (Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr.). In the first, the defendant agreed to pay the plaintiffs $3,000 without admitting any liability and in exchange for dismissal of the case with prejudice. In the second, the defendants, employees of the Virginia Department of Corrections, paid plaintiffs $80,000 and attorneys' fees and costs, and agreed to provide named plaintiff with appropriate medical treatment for his lung disease, and to revise system-wide guidelines with respect to use of tear gas and other chemical agents on inmates.

There is no further information available.

Rebecca Bloch - 04/05/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Disciplinary procedures
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Virginia Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description prisoners of the State of Virginia
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1985
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiffs and Defendants Bass, et al
PC-VA-0004-0002 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement Between Plaintiffs and Defendant B.I. Robertson 05/13/1985
PC-VA-0004-0003 PDF | Detail
Order 06/06/1985 (E.D. Va.)
PC-VA-0004-0001 PDF | Detail
Judges Merhige, Robert Reynold Jr. (E.D. Va.)
PC-VA-0004-0001 | PC-VA-0004-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Lichtman, Elliott C. (District of Columbia)
PC-VA-0004-0002 | PC-VA-0004-0003
Turner, James C. (District of Columbia)
PC-VA-0004-0002
Zerkin, Gerald T. (Virginia)
PC-VA-0004-0001 | PC-VA-0004-0002 | PC-VA-0004-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Horsley, Guy W. Jr. (Virginia)
PC-VA-0004-0002
Mc Vey, Henry H. (Virginia)
PC-VA-0004-0003
Rudy, Peter H. (Virginia)
PC-VA-0004-0001 | PC-VA-0004-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

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