University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Legal Aid Soc'y v. Legal Servs. Corp IM-HI-0002
Docket / Court 1:97-cv-00032-ACK-BMK ( D. Haw. )
State/Territory Hawaii
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On January 9, 1997, a group of legal aid organizations and two legal services lawyers filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Hawaii, alleging that government restrictions on the activities of organizations who accept federal funds distributed by the Legal Services Corporation ... read more >
On January 9, 1997, a group of legal aid organizations and two legal services lawyers filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Hawaii, alleging that government restrictions on the activities of organizations who accept federal funds distributed by the Legal Services Corporation were facially unconstitutional. Plaintiffs alleged that the restrictions, which included a prohibition of representing certain aliens, violated their rights secured by the First Amendment and the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fifth Amendment. Attorneys for the ACLU and private counsel, handled the case for plaintiffs.

Shortly after filing suit, plaintiffs moved for a preliminary injunction. On February 14, 1997, the District Court (Judge Kay) issued a preliminary injunction as to numerous restrictions of the Legal Services Corporation Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2996 et. seq. on First Amendment grounds. Legal Aid Society of Hawaii v. Legal Services Corporation, 961 F.Supp. 1402, 1402 (D. Hawaii 1997).

The Legal Services Corporation then issued revised regulations. The United States then intervened in the case to defend the constitutionality of the regulations. The parties then filed cross-motions for summary judgment.

On August 1, 1997, the District Court (Judge Kay) granted the defendants' motion and entered judgment in favor of the Legal Services Corporation and the United States, rejecting plaintiffs' arguments that the regulations violated the First Amendment, due process and equal protection. The previously issued preliminary injunction was dissolved. Legal Aid Society of Hawaii v. Legal Services Corporation, 981 F.Supp. 1288 (D. Hawaii 1997). Plaintiffs appealed.

The U.S. of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Associate Justice, Byron White,(Ret.) affirmed the District Court's judgment in part, agreeing that the restrictions at issue did not violate the plaintiffs' First Amendment rights. The Appellate Court, however, vacated the District Court's judgment that the restrictions did not violate the due process and equal protection rights of indigent persons, reasoning that plaintiffs lacked standing to raise those claims. The case was remanded, with instructions to dismiss those claims on standing grounds. Legal Aid Society v. Legal Servs. Corp., 145 F. 3d 1017(9th Cir. 1998) cert. denied, 525 U.S. 1015 (1998).

Erica Woodruff - 08/22/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Immigration lawyers
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Bivens
Defendant(s) Legal Services Corporation
Plaintiff Description A group of legal aid organizations, which received funds from the Legal Services Corporation (“LSC”) and two legal services lawyers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
97-16567 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 12/07/1998
IM-HI-0002-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:97-cv-00032-ACK-BMK (D. Haw.) 07/20/2000
IM-HI-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 02/14/1997 (961 F.Supp. 1402) (D. Haw.)
IM-HI-0002-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 04/09/1997 (980 F.Supp. 1142) (D. Haw.)
IM-HI-0002-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 08/01/1997 (981 F.Supp. 1288) (D. Haw.)
IM-HI-0002-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 05/18/1998 (145 F.3d 1018)
IM-HI-0002-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 11/30/1998 (525 U.S. 1015)
IM-HI-0002-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Kay, Alan Cooke (D. Haw.)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Noonan, John T. Jr. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Thomas, Sidney Runyan (Ninth Circuit)
IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9001
White, Byron Raymond (SCOTUS)
IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alston, Paul (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Anand, Rakesh K. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Bomse, Stephen V. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Cole, Adam M. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Crosby, Margaret C. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Dahlberg, Robin L. (New York)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Freiberg, Charles N. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Hudson, Hope L. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Levin, Stanley E. (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Rosenfeld, Robert A. (California)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Shapiro, Steven R. (New York)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Tannen, Bradford L. (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Van de Car, Lloyd X. (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Bent, Daniel A (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Chun, Michael (Hawaii)
IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Kazakis, Georgia (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
King, Erika Fisher (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Long, Robert A. Jr. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004
Markowitz, Jeffrey S. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-9000
Williamson, Thomas S. Jr. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Young, Ernest A. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0001 | IM-HI-0002-0002 | IM-HI-0002-0003 | IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9000 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Other Lawyers Alm, Steven S. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004
Collette, Matthew M. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Herwig, Barbara L. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004 | IM-HI-0002-9001
Hunger, Frank W. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004
Popeo, Daniel J. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004
Preston, Stephen W. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004
Young, David M. (District of Columbia)
IM-HI-0002-0004

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