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Case Name Jeanty v. Bulger IM-FL-0010
Docket / Court No. 02-20822-CIV ( S.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
Case Summary
On March 15, 2002, a group of Haitian boat refugees filed a class action petition for a writ of habeas corpus and injunctive and declaratory relief in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Plaintiffs challenged the INS policy of detaining, without parole (with the exception ... read more >
On March 15, 2002, a group of Haitian boat refugees filed a class action petition for a writ of habeas corpus and injunctive and declaratory relief in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Plaintiffs challenged the INS policy of detaining, without parole (with the exception of unique hardship cases), undocumented Haitian nationals who arrived by boat in south Florida. Plaintiffs alleged that the policy violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fifth Amendment and section 555(e) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). The Government denied the allegations and maintained that the Haitian detention policy was necessary to discourage Haitians from attempting dangerous sea voyages to the United States and, to thereby, prevent loss of life caused by mass migration from Haiti.

Plaintiffs, represented by Florida Legal Services and private law firms, sought an emergency TRO and a preliminary injunction, as well as class certification. The Government opposed Plaintiffs' motions and itself sought partial dismissal and partial summary judgement.

The District Court (Judge Joan A. Lenard) granted the Government's motion and dismissed the case. The Court determined (a) that it only had habeas jurisdiction over the claims, (b) that refugees had no constitutional right to parole, and (c) that the INS Haitian parole policy was lawful and not in violation of the APA. Jeanty v. Bulger, 204 F.Supp.2d 1366 (S.D.Fla. 2002). The Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal. Moise v. Bulger, 321 F.3d 1336 (11th Cir. 2003). Rehearing and rehearing en banc were subsequently denied, Jeanty v. Bulger, 67 Fed.Appx. 590 (11th Cir. 2003), as was certiorari, Moise v. Bulger, 540 U.S. 1016 (2003).

Stephen Imm - 08/28/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Habeas Corpus
Immigration
Asylum - procedure
Constitutional rights
Detention - conditions
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Refugees
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Bivens
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. ยงยง 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service
United States Department of Justice
Plaintiff Description Haitian boat refugees seeking injunctive and declaratory relief seeking emergency parole (habeas corpus) from detention by the INS.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
02-CV-20822-JAL (S.D. Fla.) 08/19/2003
IM-FL-0010-9000 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Opinion 05/17/2002 (204 F.Supp.2d 1366) (S.D. Fla.)
IM-FL-0010-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Appellants' Principal Brief 07/12/2002 (2002 WL 32303931)
IM-FL-0010-0005 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Brief of Amicus Curiae the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights in Support of Petitioners-Appellants and Reversal of the District Court's Decision 08/01/2002 (2002 WL 32303930)
IM-FL-0010-0004 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Brief for Respondents/Appellees 08/15/2002 (2002 WL 32303928)
IM-FL-0010-0003 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Appellants' Reply Brief 09/11/2002 (2002 WL 32302932)
IM-FL-0010-0002 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Respondents/Appellees' Brief in Response to Brief of Amicus Curiae Lawyers Committee for Human Rights 10/10/2002 (2002 WL 32303929)
IM-FL-0010-0001 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 02/20/2003 (321 F.3d 1336)
IM-FL-0010-0009 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Petition for a Writ of Certiorari 08/11/2003 (2003 WL 22428771)
IM-FL-0010-0007 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Reply to the Respondents' Brief in Opposition 11/04/2003 (2003 WL 22648758)
IM-FL-0010-0006 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Writ of Certiorari Denied 11/17/2003 (540 U.S. 1016)
IM-FL-0010-0010 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Fay, Peter Thorp (Eleventh Circuit, Fifth Circuit, S.D. Fla.)
IM-FL-0010-0009
Lenard, Joan A. (S.D. Fla.)
IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Limbaugh, Stephen Nathaniel (E.D. Mo., W.D. Mo.)
IM-FL-0010-0009
Wilson, Charles R. (M.D. Fla., Eleventh Circuit) [Magistrate]
IM-FL-0010-0009
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Elsesser, Charles F Jr. (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0002 | IM-FL-0010-0005 | IM-FL-0010-0006 | IM-FL-0010-0007 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-0009 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Kurzban, Ira J. (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0002 | IM-FL-0010-0005 | IM-FL-0010-0006 | IM-FL-0010-0007 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Little, Cheryl (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0006 | IM-FL-0010-0007
Newman, JoNel (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0005 | IM-FL-0010-0006 | IM-FL-0010-0007 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Parks, Robert L (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0002 | IM-FL-0010-0005 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Sharpless, Rebecca (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0002 | IM-FL-0010-0005 | IM-FL-0010-0006 | IM-FL-0010-0007 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-0009 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bernal, David V. (District of Columbia)
IM-FL-0010-0001 | IM-FL-0010-0003 | IM-FL-0010-0009
Candaux, Mary Jane (District of Columbia)
IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Lee, Dexter (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-9000
McCallum, Robert D. Jr. (District of Columbia)
IM-FL-0010-0001 | IM-FL-0010-0003 | IM-FL-0010-0008
Payne, Anthony C. (District of Columbia)
IM-FL-0010-9000
Schultz, Anne R (Florida)
IM-FL-0010-0009
Wright, M. Jocelyn (District of Columbia)
IM-FL-0010-0001 | IM-FL-0010-0003 | IM-FL-0010-0008 | IM-FL-0010-0009 | IM-FL-0010-9000
Other Lawyers Gray, Douglas C. (New York)
IM-FL-0010-0004

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