University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Baker v. Holden PC-UT-0001
Docket / Court 2:86-cv-00361-JTG ( D. Utah )
State/Territory Utah
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On April 28, 1986, inmates in the Wasatch Unit of the Utah State Prison filed a civil rights lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement, including particularly the practice of double celling or ... read more >
On April 28, 1986, inmates in the Wasatch Unit of the Utah State Prison filed a civil rights lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement, including particularly the practice of double celling or double bunking in certain areas of the Wasatch Unit within the prison. The case was originally styled Baker v. Deland, 86-C-361G. The case was referred to Magistrate Judge Boyce and it was certified as a class action.

Injunctive relief was granted in 1986 and 1988 prohibiting the practice of double bunking in certain parts of blocks of the Wasatch Unit. The case was then consolidated with the case styled Humphries v. Deland, 89-C-517A and the parties conducted extensive discovery and pretrial proceedings. A trial was held before Magistrate Judge Ronald N. Boyce on August 6-10, 1990, and on September 24-25, 1990.

Thereafter, on March 18, 1991, the District Court entered an injunction continuing the status quo of the prior injunctions until the Report and Recommendation of the judge could be prepared. On October 25, 1991, Magistrate Judge Boyce rendered his Report and Recommendation. Following objections, a further hearing was held on November 19, 1991. A supplemental Report and Recommendation was issued on December 11, 1991. Defendants' then filed a motion to vacate the preliminary injunctions.

On March 20, 1992, the District Court (Judge J. Thomas Greene) issued a permanent injunction prohibiting double celling in certain cell blocks, while dissolving the preliminary injunction as to others. Baker v. Holden, 787 F.Supp. 1008 (D.Utah Mar 20, 1992).

On May 19, 2000, defendants moved to terminate the 1992 injunction under the Prisoner Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). 18 U.S.C. § 3626 et seq. On August 27, 2004, the District Court (Judge J. Thomas Greene) granted the defendants' motion for termination of the 1992 injunction entered by this Court in Baker et al. v. Holden et al. and the case was closed. Baker v. Haun, 333 F.Supp.2d 1162 (D.Utah Aug 27, 2004).

Dan Dalton - 02/19/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
None on record
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Utah Department of Corrections
Utah State Prison
Plaintiff Description Inmates in the Wasatch Unit of the Utah State Prison, subjected to double bunking.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1986 - 2004
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
86-00361 (D. Utah) 08/31/2004
PC-UT-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Decision and Order 03/20/1992 (787 F.Supp. 1008) (D. Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision and Order 08/27/2004 (333 F.Supp.2d 1162) (D. Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Greene, John Thomas Jr. (D. Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Baker, Kenneth L. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001
Barnard, Brian M. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Harris, James L. Jr. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Mohrman, Michael K. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001
Russell, Stephen (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Barlow, Craig L. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Barry, Kent M. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Beadles, James H. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Hill, Daniel D. (Minnesota)
PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Larson, Allan L. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Reber, Sharel S. (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Van Dam, R. Paul (Utah)
PC-UT-0001-0001 | PC-UT-0001-0002 | PC-UT-0001-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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