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Case Name American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee v. Ashcroft IM-CA-0022
Docket / Court 2:87-CV-02107 ( C.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Hadsell, Stormer & Renick
Case Summary
On April 3, 1987, eight resident aliens filed suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, claiming that the federal government targeted them for deportation because of their affiliation with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), ... read more >
On April 3, 1987, eight resident aliens filed suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, claiming that the federal government targeted them for deportation because of their affiliation with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a group that the government deemed to be an international terrorist and communist organization. The government had charged all eight plaintiffs under the McCarran Walter Act, which provided for deportation of aliens who advocated communism. Plaintiffs alleged that the government was selectively enforcing the law in violation of plaintiffs' First Amendment rights. They sought an injunction to stop the pending deportation proceedings. A second amended complaint was filed on June 15, 1988, which added a Fifth Amendment claim.

On April 5, 1991, the McCarran Walter Act was repealed. The government instituted new proceedings against plaintiffs Hamide and Shehadeh under the "terrorist activity" provision of the Immigration Act of 1990 ("the IMMACT"), 8 U.S.C. § 1251(a)(4)(B) (1994).

The District Court (Judge Steven V. Wilson) found that it had no jurisdiction over the claims of two plaintiffs, Hamide and Shehadehm, but ruled in favor of the other six plaintiffs granted a preliminary injunction staying the immigration proceedings. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee v. Meese, 714 F.Supp. 1060, 1064. (C.D.Cal.1989). On appeal, The Ninth Circuit upheld the injunction and concluded that the District Court had jurisdiction over the all claims, including those of plaintiffs Hamide and Shehadeh. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee v. Thornburgh, 970 F.2d 501, 511 (9th Cir.1991). On remand, the District Court refused to dissolve the injunction and then entered an injunction staying the proceedings against Hamide and Shehadeh. The government appealed.

While the appeal was pending, Congress enacted the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA), which contained in part, an exclusive jurisdiction clause, 8 U.S.C. § 1252(g), which deprived courts of jurisdiction over immigration cases. The government then moved to dismiss in the District Court and Court of Appeals for lack of jurisdiction. The District Court denied the motion. The Court of Appeals found that the District Court had jurisdiction and affirmed its injunctions. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee v. Reno, 119 F.3d 1367 (9th Cir. 1997). Petition for a writ of certiorari was granted.

The Supreme Court (Justice Scalia) vacated the judgment and remanded the case, holding that the exclusive jurisdiction clause of IIRIRA deprived courts of jurisdiction over action. Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471, 119 S.Ct. 936, 142 L.Ed.2d (1999).

Erica Woodruff - 08/20/2007


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - judicial review
Deportation - procedure
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA)
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service
United States Attorney General
Plaintiff Description Aliens applying for citizenship under the Immigration Reform and Control Act, who had their constitutional rights violated by the Attorney General.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Hadsell, Stormer & Renick
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links The Oyez Project, Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1999).
www.oyez.org
Posted: Feb. 24, 1999
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:87-cv-02107-SVW (C.D. Cal.) 08/24/1999
IM-CA-0022-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
96-55929 (C.D. Cal.) 02/14/2007
IM-CA-0022-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 08/31/1989 (714 F.Supp. 1060) (C.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0022-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 09/27/1991 (940 F.2d 445)
IM-CA-0022-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA Opinion 07/20/1992 (970 F.2d 501)
IM-CA-0022-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 01/24/1995 (883 F.Supp. 1365) (C.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0022-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 11/08/1995 (70 F.3d 1045)
IM-CA-0022-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 07/10/1997 (119 F.3d 1367)
IM-CA-0022-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 12/23/1997 (132 F.3d 531)
IM-CA-0022-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 06/01/1998 (524 U.S. 903)
IM-CA-0022-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Oral Argument 11/04/1998 (1998 WL 781844)
IM-CA-0022-0001.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 02/24/1999 (525 U.S. 471)
IM-CA-0022-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 04/14/1999 (170 F.3d 1264)
IM-CA-0022-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 04/19/1999 (526 U.S. 1081)
IM-CA-0022-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Breyer, Stephen Gerald (SCOTUS, First Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Canby, William Cameron Jr. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0006 | IM-CA-0022-0010
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (SCOTUS, D.C. Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013 | IM-CA-0022-9001
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (SCOTUS, Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Nelson, Dorothy Wright (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0006 | IM-CA-0022-0010
O'Connor, Sandra Day (SCOTUS)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
O'Scannlain, Diarmuid Fionntain (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0006
Poole, Cecil F. (N.D. Cal., Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Pro, Philip Martin (D. Nev.) [Magistrate]
IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Rehnquist, William Hubbs (SCOTUS)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Scalia, Antonin (SCOTUS, D.C. Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Souter, David Hackett (SCOTUS, First Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Stevens, John Paul (SCOTUS, Seventh Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Tanner, Jack Edward (W.D. Wash., E.D. Wash.)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0006 | IM-CA-0022-0010
Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Thompson, David R. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Wilson, Stephen Victor (C.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-9000 | IM-CA-0022-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Arulanantham, Ahilan T (California)
IM-CA-0022-9001
Edwards, Weston A. (California)
IM-CA-0022-9000
Henderson, Wade (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Hoffman, Paul L. (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Martin, Kate (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Nakamura, Hope (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0007
Ratner, Michael (New York)
IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Richey, Andria K (California)
IM-CA-0022-9000
Rosenbaum, Mark Dale (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Scanlan, John (Indiana)
IM-CA-0022-0004
Schey, Peter A. (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Sobel, Carol A. (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009 | IM-CA-0022-9001
Stewart, Malcom L.. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0013
Stormer, Dan Lewis (California)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0008
Storner, Dan (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Van Der Hout, Marc (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0013 | IM-CA-0022-9000 | IM-CA-0022-9001
Walker, John E. (California)
IM-CA-0022-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bombaugh, Robert L. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Cole, David D. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0001 | IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0007 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009 | IM-CA-0022-0013 | IM-CA-0022-9000 | IM-CA-0022-9001
Corrales-Talleda, Patricia M. (California)
IM-CA-0022-9001
Filppu, Lauri Steven (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Hunger, Frank W. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Hunolt, James A. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Johnson, Michael C. (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Letter, Douglas (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0005 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Linderman, Michael P. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Manella, Nora Margaret (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Phillips, George J. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0003
Raab, Michael S. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0004
Schiffer, Stuart E. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Valentine, Steven R. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Weidman, Lee (California)
IM-CA-0022-0003 | IM-CA-0022-9000
Wendtland, Linda S. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0022-0004 | IM-CA-0022-0008 | IM-CA-0022-0009
Wu, George H. (California)
IM-CA-0022-0007
Other Lawyers Wheeler, J. Joshua (Virginia)
IM-CA-0022-0005

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