University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Parinejad v. USICE IM-MA-0001
Docket / Court 1:07-cv-10432-RGS ( D. Mass. )
State/Territory Massachusetts
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On March 2, 2007, a resident alien, Sassan Parinejad, and two organizations that represent indigent aliens, the Political Asylum/Immigration Representation Project (PAIR) and the Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC), filed a class action suit in the U.S. District Court for the District ... read more >
On March 2, 2007, a resident alien, Sassan Parinejad, and two organizations that represent indigent aliens, the Political Asylum/Immigration Representation Project (PAIR) and the Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC), filed a class action suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, challenging the mandatory detention provision of Section 236(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA"), 8 U.S.C. § 1226(c). Parinejad also filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, requesting his immediate release from detention.

Plaintiffs' complaint asserts that Section 236(c) of the INA, in effect since October 9, 1998, requires the mandatory detention without bond of virtually all immigrants who commit a specified removable offense upon the immigrant's release from the criminal custody that resulted from the offense. Section 303(b) ("Transitional Period Custody Rules" or "TPCR") of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 ("IIRIRA") provision, in effect until October 9, 1998, also required detention upon release for those who committed specified removable offenses, but did not preclude bond. Plaintiffs contended that the government misinterpreted both of those provisions and as a result, improperly detained individuals in contravention to the statutes.

Defendants moved to dismiss the case, asserting that the PAIR and CLINIC lacked standing and because the complaint failed to state a claim. All parties then moved for summary judgment.

On July 12, 2007, the District Court (Judge Richard G. Stearns) held a hearing on the limited issue of Parinejad's writ of habeas corpus and deferred ruling on the other claims and defenses. Before the Court ruled on the habeas corpus petition, Parinejad was released from custody, and he voluntarily dismissed his claims. Another detained alien, Miklos Bilecz, then moved to intervene in the case and be substituted as the named individual plaintiff.

The District Court (Judge Stearns) then took up the remaining motions. He denied the Bilecz's motion to intervene and dismissed the remainder of the case, holding that organizations lacked standing to continue to pursue the case on Parinejad's behalf once he was released from custody. The Court noted that if Bilecz wished to litigate the lawfulness of his detention, he needed to file his own lawsuit. Parinejad v. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Div. of Dept. of Homeland Security --- F.Supp.2d ----, 2007 WL 2372627 (D.Mass.).

As of the date of this summary, plaintiffs had not filed a notice of appeal and the case remained closed.

Dan Dalton - 09/24/2007


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
General
Habeas Corpus
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Detention - conditions
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action None on record
Defendant(s) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Plaintiff Description All aliens subjected to mandatory detention without bond under 8 U.S.C. § 1226(c) by Boston ICE upon release from non-DHS custody on or after the October 8, 1998 expiration of the Transitional Period Custody Rules.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:07-cv-10432-RGS (D. Mass.) 08/22/2007
IM-MA-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Second Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory, Injunctive and Mandamus Relief 05/25/2007
IM-MA-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
[Order] 08/21/2007 (501 F.Supp.2d 280) (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0001-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Stearns, Richard Gaylore (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Austin, Kristopher N (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0002 | IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Doyle, Kerry E. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0002 | IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Gomez, Iris (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0002 | IM-MA-0001-0002
Holper, Mary P (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0002 | IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Martel, Michael P (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Mirenda, Anthony (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Saif, Justin N (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Silverman, Howard A (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Grady, Mark J. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0001-0003 | IM-MA-0001-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -