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Case Name Mandoza v. Zirkle Fruit IM-WA-0004
Docket / Court 2:00-CV-03024 ( E.D. Wash. )
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On March 28, 2000 several former employees of Zirkle Fruit Company Matson Fruit Company filed a class action lawsuit against their former employers and the Selective Employment Agency, Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Washington, alleging that Matson and Zirkle and the ... read more >
On March 28, 2000 several former employees of Zirkle Fruit Company Matson Fruit Company filed a class action lawsuit against their former employers and the Selective Employment Agency, Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Washington, alleging that Matson and Zirkle and the engaged in a massive scheme to hire undocumented illegal immigrants for the express purpose of depressing employee wages. Selective was alleged to have acted as a front company in order to shield from Matson and Zirkle from their illegal activity. Plaintiff alleged that defendants' scheme violated the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. § 1961 et seq., and the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a), et seq. Plaintiffs were represented by private counsel and sought a permanent injunction and monetary reimbursement for wages lost during the period of the employment of illegal workers. This case was assigned to District Judge Fred Van Sickle.

The defendants moved to dismiss the case. On September 27, 2000 Judge Van Sickle granted defendants' motion and dismissed the case, citing a lack of standing on the RICO claims. Judge Van Sickle remanded plaintiffs' state law claims to state court. Mendoza v. Zirkle Fruit Co., 2000 WL 33225470 (E.D.Wash.). Plaintiffs appealed.

On October 21, 2002, the United State Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Judge McKeown) reversed and remanded the case back to the district court. Mendoza v. Zirkle Fruit Co., 301 F.3d 1163 (9th Cir. 2002).

On remand, plaintiffs amended their complaint twice, named several additional defendants and moved for class certification. On July 13, 2004, the District Court, Judge Van Sickle, denied to certify a class of former employees of Mason, but certified a certified a class against Zirkle as follows: "Two classes are certified: Subclass (A) consists of persons who worked in Zirkle Fruit Company's warehouse from November 5, 1999, to the present whether Zirkle hired them directly or obtained them indirectly through Selective Employment Agency. Subclass (B) consists of persons who worked in Zirkle Fruit Company's orchards from November 5, 1999, to the present." Mendoza v. Zirkle Fruit Co., 222 F.R.D. 439 (E.D. Wash. 2004)

On August 13, 2004, Judge Van Sickle ordered the dismissal of individual defendants Roderick Matson and Daryl Matson with prejudice. The remaining defendants then moved for summary judgment. Judge Van Sickle granted in part and denied in part Selective Employment's motion for summary judgment and denied the Zirkle Fruit Companies' motion for summary judgment by order dated January 18, 2005.

Settlement negotiations followed. Plaintiffs and Zirkle Fruit moved for approval of the proposed settlement, which was conditionally approved at a fairness hearing on January 20, 2006. As part of the settlement, Zirkle Fruit agreed to pay $1.3 million towards the class settlement fund. The Court issued its order of final approval and dismissal on May 17, 2006.

Miles Chan - 08/05/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Employer sanctions
Employment
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 et seq.
Defendant(s) Matson Fruit Company
Selective Employment Agency, Inc.
Zirkle Fruit Company
Plaintiff Description Class of persons who worked in Zirkle Fruit Company's warehouse (whether Zirkle hired them directly or obtained them indirectly through Selective Employment Agency) and in the company's orchards from 11/5/99, to the present.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2006
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
00-cv-03024-FVS (E.D. Wash.) 11/17/2006
IM-WA-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Class Action Complaint for Violation of Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act and Penden 03/28/2000
IM-WA-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Memorandum of Law in Support of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and for A Stay of Discovery 05/31/2000
IM-WA-0004-0014.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss and for A Stay of Discovery 06/14/2000
IM-WA-0004-0015.pdf | Detail
Defendant Selective Employment, Inc's Memorandum in Support of Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject 06/27/2000
IM-WA-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendant Selective Employment, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject 07/10/2000
IM-WA-0004-0017.pdf | Detail
Defendant Selective Employment, Inc's Reply to Plaintiffs' Response to Defendant Selective Employment 07/18/2000
IM-WA-0004-0018.pdf | Detail
Reply Memorandum Supporting Defendants' Motion to Dismiss-Rule 12(b)(6) 08/15/2000
IM-WA-0004-0019.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Supplemental Memorandum in Response to New Issues Raised in Defendants' Reply and at Ora 09/08/2000
IM-WA-0004-0020.pdf | Detail
Response to Plaintiffs' Unauthorized Supplemental Memorandum 09/12/2000
IM-WA-0004-0021.pdf | Detail
Opinion 09/27/2000 (2000 WL 33225470) (E.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0004-0031.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Response to Motion for Reconsideration - Matson & Zirkle Defendants 10/23/2000
IM-WA-0004-0022.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Reply in Support of Motion for Reconsideration 10/30/2000
IM-WA-0004-0023.pdf | Detail
Appellants' Brief 06/23/2001
IM-WA-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Brief of Appellee Selective Employment 07/31/2001
IM-WA-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Opinion 09/03/2002 (301 F.3d 1163)
IM-WA-0004-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Defendant Zirkle's Answer to Plaintiffs' Complaint 11/27/2002
IM-WA-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Answer of Defendant Matson Fruit Company 11/27/2002
IM-WA-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Defendant Selective Employment's Answer 12/03/2002
IM-WA-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
First Amended Class Action Complaint for Violation of Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization 12/11/2002
IM-WA-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for the Court to Take Supplemental Jurisdiction Over Sel 01/07/2003
IM-WA-0004-0024.pdf | Detail
Defendant Selective Employment, Inc's Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for the Court 01/21/2003
IM-WA-0004-0025.pdf | Detail
Reply Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for the Court to Take Supplemental Jurisdiction 01/28/2003
IM-WA-0004-0026.pdf | Detail
Defendant Zirkle Fruit Company's Amended Answer to Plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint 02/18/2003
IM-WA-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Answer of Defendant Matson Fruit Company to the First Amended Class Action Complaint 03/06/2003
IM-WA-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Second Amended Class Action Complaint for Violation of Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization 11/06/2003
IM-WA-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Answer of Defendants Roderick Matson and Daryl Matson to the Second Amended Class Action Complaint 12/03/2003
IM-WA-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Answer of Defendants Zirkle Fruit Company, William Zirkle, Gary Hudson, and William Wangler to the Second Amended Class-Action Complaint 12/08/2003
IM-WA-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Defendant Selective Employment's Answer to Plaintiffs' Second Amended Complaint 01/20/2004
IM-WA-0004-0013.pdf | Detail
Opinion 07/13/2004 (222 F.R.D. 439) (E.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0004-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Settlement Agreement 01/13/2006
IM-WA-0004-0028.pdf | Detail
Judges Brunetti, Melvin T. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-WA-0004-0029
Leavitt, Michael W. (E.D. Wash.) [Magistrate]
IM-WA-0004-9000
McKeown, M. Margaret (Ninth Circuit)
IM-WA-0004-0029
Trott, Stephen S. (Ninth Circuit)
IM-WA-0004-0029
Van Sickle, Frederick L. (E.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0004-0005 | IM-WA-0004-0021 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Berman, Steve W. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0001 | IM-WA-0004-0003 | IM-WA-0004-0007 | IM-WA-0004-0010 | IM-WA-0004-0015 | IM-WA-0004-0017 | IM-WA-0004-0020 | IM-WA-0004-0023 | IM-WA-0004-0024 | IM-WA-0004-0026 | IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Carroll, J. Jay (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0004 | IM-WA-0004-0029
Connell, Michael V. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0010 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Foster, Howard W. (Illinois)
IM-WA-0004-0001 | IM-WA-0004-0003 | IM-WA-0004-0007 | IM-WA-0004-0010 | IM-WA-0004-0015 | IM-WA-0004-0017 | IM-WA-0004-0020 | IM-WA-0004-0023 | IM-WA-0004-0024 | IM-WA-0004-0026 | IM-WA-0004-0028 | IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Roddy, Kevin P. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0015 | IM-WA-0004-0017 | IM-WA-0004-0024 | IM-WA-0004-0026 | IM-WA-0004-0031
Toohey, James Kevin (Illinois)
IM-WA-0004-9000
Volk, Andrew M. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0001 | IM-WA-0004-0003 | IM-WA-0004-0010 | IM-WA-0004-0015 | IM-WA-0004-0017 | IM-WA-0004-0020 | IM-WA-0004-0023 | IM-WA-0004-0024 | IM-WA-0004-0026 | IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Baehr, Alexander A. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Baetz, Hall (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Beattie, Paul Hamilton (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
DeRusha, Pamela Jean (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-9000
Edgley, Ryan M. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0005 | IM-WA-0004-0009 | IM-WA-0004-0011 | IM-WA-0004-0014 | IM-WA-0004-0019 | IM-WA-0004-0021 | IM-WA-0004-0022 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Ehlis, Kirk A. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0014
Gray, Marvin Lee Jr. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030
Lamka, D. Bruce (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Martin, Lawrence Edwin (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0011 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
McCloud, Sheryl Gordon (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0029
Meyer, Walter G. Jr. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0002 | IM-WA-0004-0008 | IM-WA-0004-0014 | IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Monahan, Brendan Victor (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0004 | IM-WA-0004-0006 | IM-WA-0004-0013 | IM-WA-0004-0016 | IM-WA-0004-0018 | IM-WA-0004-0025 | IM-WA-0004-0028 | IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-0031 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Rettig, Diehl Randall (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-9000
Schmalz, Terrence Colin (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0029 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Schwartz, Irwin (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0029
Smith, Alexandra K. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Swingle, Darva V. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Watson, Mark D. (Washington)
IM-WA-0004-0002 | IM-WA-0004-0008 | IM-WA-0004-0012 | IM-WA-0004-0030 | IM-WA-0004-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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