University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Williams v. Mohawk Industries IM-GA-0002
Docket / Court 4:04-cv-00003-HLM ( N.D. Ga. )
State/Territory Georgia
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
On January 6, 2004, current and former employees of Mohawk Industries Inc., a giant carpet and rug manufacturer, filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court Northern District of Georgia, alleging that Mohawk engaged in a massive scheme to hire undocumented immigrants for the express ... read more >
On January 6, 2004, current and former employees of Mohawk Industries Inc., a giant carpet and rug manufacturer, filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court Northern District of Georgia, alleging that Mohawk engaged in a massive scheme to hire undocumented immigrants for the express purpose of depressing employee wages.

In furtherance of their scheme, defendants were alleged to have: traveled to border towns to recruit undocumented immigrants to work in their plants, provided transportation and temporary housing to undocumented workers, turned a blind eye to obviously fake work papers, assisted undocumented workers in evading detection by law enforcement, hid workers during immigration enforcement raids, "recycled workers" (rehired workers under a different name that had previously been fired after being "discovered" to be illegal and unauthorized to work) and concealed the scheme by destroying documents. Plaintiff alleged that defendants' scheme violated the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. § 1961 et seq., and the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a), et seq. Plaintiff was represented by private counsel.

Mohawk moved to dismiss the case. The District Court (Judge Harold L. Murphy) denied the motion with respect to plaintiffs' RICO claims and the claim that Mohawk was unjust enriched by paying wages less than it would have been forced to pay, had it not hired undocumented workers. The Court dismissed plaintiffs' unjust enrichment claim with respect to having fewer workers' compensation claims on account of undocumented workers. Mohawk appealed. The Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit affirmed the decision with respect to the RICO claims, but held that all unjust enrichment claims should have been dismissed. Williams v. Mohawk Indus., Inc., 411 F.3d 1252 (11th Cir. 2005). The U.S. Supreme Court vacated the opinion and remanded the case to the 11th Circuit for further consideration in light of Anza v. Ideal Steel Supply Corp. 126 S.Ct. 1991, 164L.Ed.2d 720 (2006). Mohawk Industries, Inc. v. Williams, 126 S.Ct. 2016 (2006).

On remand from the Supreme Court, the 11th Circuit restated its prior opinion, with a slight modification. Williams v. Mohawk Indus., Inc., 465 F.3d 1277 (11th Cir. 2006). Further review by the Supreme Court was denied.

As of the date of this summary, the case was still pending in the District Court, following remand for the 11th Circuit.

Miles Chan - 07/18/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Immigration
Employer sanctions
Employment
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 et seq.
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) Mohawk Industries, Inc.
Plaintiff Description Current and former legal employees of Mohawk Industries Inc.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None on record
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links The Oyez Project, Mohawk Industries v. Williams, 547 U.S. ___ (2006).
www.oyez.org
Posted: Jun. 05, 2006
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:04-cv-00003-HLM (N.D. Ga.) 08/19/2010
IM-GA-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
04-13740-AA (U.S. Court of Appeals) 08/19/2010
IM-GA-0002-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 01/06/2004
IM-GA-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
Opinion 01/06/2004 (314 F.Supp.2d 1333) (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Brief of Appellant Mohawk Industries, Inc. 09/07/2004
IM-GA-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Brief of Appellant Mohawk Industries, Inc. 09/07/2004 (2004 WL 3634830)
IM-GA-0002-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Brief of Appellee 10/12/2004 (2004 WL 3634831)
IM-GA-0002-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Brief for Appellees 10/12/2004 (2004 WL 3634831)
IM-GA-0002-0011.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Reply Brief of Appellant Mohawk Industries, Inc. 11/08/2004 (2004 WL 3634832)
IM-GA-0002-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 06/09/2005 (411 F.3d 1252)
IM-GA-0002-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
USCA 11th Circuit judgment 08/18/2005
IM-GA-0002-0014.pdf | Detail
Supreme Court Order 12/12/2005 (546 U.S. 1075)
IM-GA-0002-0025.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Supreme Court Order 04/03/2006 (547 U.S. 1053)
IM-GA-0002-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Per Curiam 06/05/2006 (547 U.S. 516)
IM-GA-0002-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 09/27/2006 (465 F.3d 1277)
IM-GA-0002-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Petition for a Writ of Certiorari 12/19/2006 (2006 WL 3846526)
IM-GA-0002-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order Denying Motion for Discovery 01/16/2007 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
Brief in Opposition to the Petition for Certiorari 01/22/2007
IM-GA-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Brief of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petition of Certiorari 01/22/2007
IM-GA-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Brief in Opposition to the Petition for Certiorari 01/22/2007 (2007 WL 173803)
IM-GA-0002-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Reply Brief of Petitioner 02/06/2007 (2007 WL 432786)
IM-GA-0002-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Supplemental Brief in Opposition to the Petition for Certiorari 02/19/2007 (2007 WL 541667)
IM-GA-0002-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Supreme Court Order 02/26/2007 (127 U.S. 1381)
IM-GA-0002-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 03/03/2008 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/26/2008 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 05/28/2009 (568 F.3d 1350)
IM-GA-0002-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 07/22/2010 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Preliminarily Approving Amended Settlement Agreement And Corrected Notice To The Class 08/29/2010 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER CERTIFYING SETTLEMENT CLASS AND PRELIMINARILY APPROVING SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT AND PROVIDING FOR NOTICE 04/12/2013 (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Anderson, Albert Barnes (D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0014 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024
Barkett, Rosemary (Eleventh Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0018
Farris, Joseph Jerome (Ninth Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0018
Gibson, John R. (W.D. Mo., Eighth Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0014 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Hull, Frank M. (N.D. Ga., Eleventh Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0014 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024
Murphy, Harold Lloyd (N.D. Ga.)
IM-GA-0002-0015 | IM-GA-0002-0016 | IM-GA-0002-0017 | IM-GA-0002-0019 | IM-GA-0002-0020 | IM-GA-0002-0021 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Eleventh Circuit)
IM-GA-0002-0018
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Connelly, Christopher Sutton (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Cook, Bobby Lee (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Doherty, Ronan P. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0006 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Floyd, John E. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Foster, Howard W. (Illinois)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0006 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0012 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Iannarone, Nicole G. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Johnson, Cynthia Noles (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000
Lannarone, Joshua F. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0006 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Thames, Matthew D. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0006 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Thorpe, Joshua F. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0002 | IM-GA-0002-0004 | IM-GA-0002-0006 | IM-GA-0002-0008 | IM-GA-0002-0011 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Cannon, Carl R. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Cottreau, Steven T. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0003 | IM-GA-0002-0007 | IM-GA-0002-0009 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Diffley, Daniel Francis (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Fausett, Andrew D. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0009 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Feingold, Brandi (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Lumpkins, Rosemary C. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Morillo, Juan P. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0003 | IM-GA-0002-0007 | IM-GA-0002-0009 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Nickelsburg, Stephen H. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Palmore, Joseph R. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0009
Phillips, Carter G (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0001 | IM-GA-0002-0003 | IM-GA-0002-0007 | IM-GA-0002-0009 | IM-GA-0002-0010 | IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Sarwal, Amar D. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0005
Seitz, Virginia A. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0022 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-0024 | IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Warren, Matthew J. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0003 | IM-GA-0002-0007 | IM-GA-0002-0023 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Other Lawyers Conrad, Robin S. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0005 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Day, Jones (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0005 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Fransisco, Noel J. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0005 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Gore, John M. (District of Columbia)
IM-GA-0002-0005 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Munger, Thomas J. (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001
Stone, Benjamin Alexander (Georgia)
IM-GA-0002-9000 | IM-GA-0002-9001

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