University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Betrand v. Sava IM-NY-0004
Docket / Court 81 CIV.7371; 81 CIV. 7372 ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Immigration
Case Summary
In 1982, Haitians incarcerated in an immigration detention facility in New York, pending their applications for political asylum, filed petitions for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, challenging the INS' ... read more >
In 1982, Haitians incarcerated in an immigration detention facility in New York, pending their applications for political asylum, filed petitions for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, challenging the INS' parole policy as it was applied to Haitians. In two separate cases, the District Court (Judge Robert L. Carter) certified a proposed class of Haitians and granted writs of habeas corpus, finding that the INS had its discretion in denying the parole requests of the Haitiinas and ordered their release. Vigile v. Sava, 535 F.Supp. 1002 (S.D.N.Y. 1982) and Bertrand v. Sava, 535 F.Supp. 1020 (S.D.N.Y. 1982). The INS appealed.

The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (District Judge Jose A. Cabranes, sitting by designation) reversed, holding that while the federal court could exercise habeas corpus jurisdiction to review petitioners allegations that the INS abused its discretion in making parole decisions, in the instant case, the parole denials were justified and not an abuse of discretion. The Appeals Court also held that the United Nations Convention and Protocol did not provide any additional rights to incarcerated Haitians. Bertrand v. Sava, 684 F.2d 204 (2nd Cir. 1982).

Dan Dalton - 12/21/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Habeas Corpus
International law
Immigration
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Cuban/Haitian entrant
Detention - conditions
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Habeas Corpus, 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241-2253; 2254; 2255
Defendant(s) Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
Plaintiff Description Haitian immigrants who had been confined and denied parole pending the completion of their inclusion proceedings.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1982
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links Henry Hampton Collection: Interview of Hon. Robert Lee Carter
Henry Hampton Collection: Washington University in St. Louis
Posted: Nov. 05, 1985
By: Robert Lee Carter, Henry Hampton Collection
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion 03/05/1982 (535 F.Supp. 1002) (S.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0004-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 04/05/1982 (535 F.Supp. 1020) (S.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0004-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Appellate Decision 06/25/1982 (684 F.2d 204)
IM-NY-0004-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Cabranes, Jose Alberto (Second Circuit, D. Conn., FISCR)
IM-NY-0004-0003
Carter, Robert Lee (S.D.N.Y.)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002
Kearse, Amalya Lyle (Second Circuit)
IM-NY-0004-0003
Mansfield, Walter Roe (S.D.N.Y., Second Circuit)
IM-NY-0004-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cooper, George (District of Columbia)
IM-NY-0004-0002
Helton, Arthur C. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Mailman, Stanley (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Prosser, Deborah C. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0002
Rabb, Harriet (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Shapiro, Steven R. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Susman, Susan D. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Abrams, Steven R. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001
Belote, Thomas H. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Dolinger, Michael H. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0003
Martin, John S. Jr. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Wolkoff, Harvey J. (New York)
IM-NY-0004-0001 | IM-NY-0004-0002 | IM-NY-0004-0003
Other Lawyers None on record

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