University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name S.H. v. Stickrath JI-OH-0004
Docket / Court 2:04-cv-01206-GCS-TPK ( S.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Special Collection Strip Search Cases
Attorney Organization Youth Law Center
Case Summary
On December 24, 2004, private civil rights attorneys and attorneys for the Youth Law Center, Inc. the Children's Law Center, Inc, and the Ohio Justice & Policy Center filed a § 1983 class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, challenging the treatment of ... read more >
On December 24, 2004, private civil rights attorneys and attorneys for the Youth Law Center, Inc. the Children's Law Center, Inc, and the Ohio Justice & Policy Center filed a § 1983 class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, challenging the treatment of juveniles in the custody or under the supervision of the Ohio Department of Youth Services (ODYS). The ODYS operated juvenile correctional institutions in Ohio which included Circleville Youth Center, Cuyahoga Hills Boys School, Indian River School, Marion Juvenile Correctional Center, Mohican Youth Center, Ohio River Valley Youth Center, Scioto Juvenile Correctional Center, and the Freedom Center.

Plaintiffs' complaint alleged that the individually named plaintiffs and the plaintiff class members were subjected to abusive, inhumane, and illegal conditions, policies, and practices, which included: excessive force, physical abuse, unreasonable mechanical restraints, lockdown and isolation for arbitrary reasons, improper strip searches, inadequate mental health care and medical treatment, inadequate education services and programs, and ineffective disciplinary measures. Plaintiffs further alleged that the ODYS denied equal access and services for girls in its custody. Plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as class certification.

Plaintiffs amended the complaint on June 15, 2005. Defendants moved to dismiss.

On July 29, 2005, the District Court (Magistrate Judge Terence P Kemp) stayed the case at the request of the parties so that they could pursue settlement negotiations. The Court denied plaintiffs' request for class certification without prejudice to refilling and administratively closed the case.

On April 4, 2007, plaintiffs requested that the court ordered stay be lifted and that they be granted leave to file a second amended complaint.

On May 18, 2007, United States Magistrate Judge Kemp appointed Fred Cohen as Independent Fact Finder. Cohen assembled a team of 10 experts with whom he conducted intensive site visits of various Ohio Department of Youth Services (ODYS) facilities. The team interviewed staff, youth and ODYS officials and reviewed numerous records and reports. On December 13, 2007, Cohen issued a 214 page Fact-Finding Final Report, which addressed his team's findings and its recommendations for an overhaul of the ODYS system and facilities.

On May 21, 2008, the court approved a settlement in the case. Under the terms of the agreement, the defendants agreed to a comprehensive continuum of care in a regionalized services delivery system, a system of monitoring, youth-focused care, quality treatment interventions, engagement of families, education and vocational training of youths in the system, a grievance system, access to advocates/attorneys, strong re-entry programs, and a fair and effective release process.

Less than a week before the settlement was approved, the Department of Justice filed its own suit. Details on that case (JI-OH-0006 in this Clearinghouse) are available here. That case was soon settled, and compliance work on the two has continued together. On Feb. 11, 2015, the monitoring Correctional Institution Inspection Committee, issued a report showing a dramatic decline in use of seclusion.

Kristen Sagar - 03/02/2009
Megan Richardson - 06/16/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
General
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Assault/abuse by staff
Classification / placement
Confinement/isolation
Disciplinary procedures
Education
Personal injury
Restraints : physical
Search policies
Sexual abuse by residents/inmates
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Strip search policy
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Circleville Youth Center
Cuyahoga Hills Boys School
Freedom Center
Indian River School
Marion Juvenile Correctional Center
Mohican Youth Center
Ohio Department of Youth Services (ODYS)
Ohio River Valley Youth Center
Scioto Juvenile Correctional Center
Plaintiff Description All persons who are now, or in the future, will be held in the custody or under the supervision of ODYS.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Youth Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2008 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2014
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JI-OH-0006 : United States v. Strickland (S.D. Ohio)
Docket(s)
2:04-cv-01206-GCS-TPK (S.D. Ohio) 06/28/2013
JI-OH-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Exhibit A: Proposal to Reduce Violence and Improve the Response to Violence in DYS Facilities [Monitoring Grid]
JI-OH-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 07/29/2005 (S.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Second Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 04/04/2007
JI-OH-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Final Fact-Finding Report - S.H. V.. Stickrath 12/13/2007
JI-OH-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
STIPULATION FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF 05/20/2008
JI-OH-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Psychiatry Site Visit Report 02/11/2009
JI-OH-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Agreed Order re: MH and Isolation 05/21/2014 (S.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Justice Department Settles Lawsuit Against State of Ohio to End Unlawful Seclusion of Youth in Juvenile Correctional Facilities 05/21/2014
JI-OH-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. DOJ, Civil Rights Division, Education Section
DYS Seclusion Hours: Correctional Institution Inspection Committee 02/11/2015
JI-OH-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Judges Kemp, Terence Peter (S.D. Ohio) [Magistrate]
JI-OH-0004-0002 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Marbley, Algenon L. (S.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0004 | JI-OH-0004-0007 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Smith, George Curtis (S.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters Cohen, Fred (Arizona)
JI-OH-0004-0003
Wills, Cheryl D. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0005
Plaintiff's Lawyers Branch, Jennifer L. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Coe, Cynthia (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Dominguez-Reese, Silvia J. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Gerhardstein, Alphonse A. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0001 | JI-OH-0004-0007 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Hill, Eve L. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Jackson, Angelina N. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Kinsley, Jennifer M. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0001 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Moore, Janet (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0001
Ramiu, Maria Felisa (California)
JI-OH-0004-0001 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Samuels, Jocelyn (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Sanders, Deborah (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Scantlebury, Joseph Zavier (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Schindler, Marc (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Shandell, Alexandra L. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Singleton, David A. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0001 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Soler, Mark I. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Stewart, Carter M. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Tandy, Kimberly Brooks (Kentucky)
JI-OH-0004-0001 | JI-OH-0004-0007 | JI-OH-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Anger, Thomas (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Anthony, Laura Greenberg (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Arbogast, Janet R Hill (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Burnes, James Place (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Cholar, Richard Thomas Jr. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Goldstein, Judith B. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-0007
Holloway, James Eric (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Jennings, Sharon A. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
King, Philip A. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Mancini, Joseph Matthew (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Moul, Geoffrey J. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Strigari, Frank M. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Swisher, Zachary (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Worly, Mindy Ann (Ohio)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Other Lawyers Cuncannan, Jacqueline (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Dominguez, Silvia Judith (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Gonzalez, Gregory (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Herman, Vincent P. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Ogletree, Rashida J (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-9000
Tayloe, Benjamin O. (District of Columbia)
JI-OH-0004-0007 | JI-OH-0004-9000

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