University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Santillan v. Mukasey IM-CA-0003
Docket / Court 3:04-cv-02686-MHP ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization MALDEF
Case Summary
On July 6, 2004, plaintiffs who had been granted the status of lawful permanent resident by the Justice Department's Executive Office of Immigration Review filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California to compel the federal government to provide them with ... read more >
On July 6, 2004, plaintiffs who had been granted the status of lawful permanent resident by the Justice Department's Executive Office of Immigration Review filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California to compel the federal government to provide them with documentation of their permanent resident status in a timely manner. Plaintiffs alleged that after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the government no longer issued temporary documentation of a status change to lawful permanent resident and delayed its processes for issuing permanent documentation to individuals granted lawful permanent resident status. Without such documentation, plaintiffs alleged, they were denied employment, travel, educational, and public benefits privileges granted to other legal permanent residents. Plaintiffs asserted claims for violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment, the Administrative Procedures Act, 5 U.S.C. § 551 et seq.; the Mandamus Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1361 and the Declaratory Judgment Act 28 U.S.C. § 2201. Attorneys with the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law of Texas, and private law firms represented the plaintiffs.

Several months after suit was filed, the District Court (Marilyn Hall Patel) certified the case as a class action. Santillan v. Ashcroft, 2004 WL 2297990 (N.D.Cal. Oct.12, 2004).

On April 1, 2005, the federal government implemented a new system of immigration regulations that changed the procedures governing security and law enforcement investigations. As those regulations affected the class members, the defendants moved to dismiss the claims of any class members who were granted legal permanent resident status after April 1, 2005 as being moot. That motion was denied. Santillan v. Gonzales, 2005 WL 1592872 (N.D.Cal. July 1, 2005)

The parties filed cross-motions for summary judgment and plaintiffs requested a permanent injunction. The District Court (Judge Patel) granted plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment and request for a permanent injunction. The Court ordered the parties to submit proposals as to the appropriate scope of the injunction. Santillan v. Gonzales, 388 F.Supp.2d 1065 (N.D.Cal.2005)

After reviewing proposals of the parties, the District Court issued a Permanent Injunction on December 22, 2005, requiring the government to begin timely processing of plaintiffs' status documentation. Plaintiffs sought entry of a final judgment in the case, but the Court denied the request as being unnecessary at the time.

The government appealed the District Court's various rulings and orders. On February 7, 2008, the Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal with prejudice.

On April 14, 2008, the parties filed a joint motion for approval of a settlement agreement. On June 17, 2008, the court granted the parties' motion to consolidate this case with Padilla v. Ridge, IM-TX-0016.

On July 22, 2008, the District Court approved a settlement agreement that covered both of the consolidated cases and dismissed the cases.

Kristen Sagar - 02/25/2009


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Legalization/Amnesty
Status/Classification
Work authorization - criteria
Work authorization - procedures
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Mandamus, 28 U.S.C. § 1361
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Attorney General's Office
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
Plaintiff Description All persons who have or will be granted lawful permanent resident status by the DOJ's Executive Office of Immigration Review and to whom the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services has failed to issue evidence of status as a lawful permanent resident
Indexed Lawyer Organizations MALDEF
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Confession of Judgment
Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2005 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing IM-FL-0021 : Amor v. U.S. Attorney General (S.D. Fla.)
IM-TX-0016 : Padilla v. Ridge (S.D. Tex.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
06-15366 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 07/23/2007
IM-CA-0003-9001 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:04−cv−02686 (N.D. Cal.) 07/22/2008
IM-CA-0003-9002 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:04-cv-02686-MHP (N.D. Cal.) 12/04/2008
IM-CA-0003-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Mandamus, Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 07/05/2004
IM-CA-0003-0001 PDF | Detail
Order [Re: Class Certification] 10/12/2004 (2004 WL 2297990 / 2004 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 20824) (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order [Re: Defendant's Motion to Dismiss] 07/01/2005 (2005 WL 1592872 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 39727) (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Memorandum and Order [Re: Summary Judgment] 08/24/2005 (388 F.Supp.2d 1065) (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order Re:Permanent Injunction 12/22/2005 (2005 WL 3542661 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 39118) (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Memorandum and Order Re: Judgment 01/30/2006 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Final Settlement Agreement 07/22/2008
IM-CA-0003-0003 PDF | Detail
Stipulation and Agreement of Settlement and Release 12/07/2012
IM-CA-0003-0004 PDF | Detail
Judges Patel, Marilyn Hall (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0003-0002 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alger, Maureen P. (California)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Armendariz, David Anton (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Chen, Reuben Ho-Yen (California)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Dwyer, John C (California)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Maldonado, Javier N (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Perales, Nina (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Perez, Marisol Linda (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Rhyu, Michelle S (California)
IM-CA-0003-0001 | IM-CA-0003-0003 | IM-CA-0003-0004 | IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Solis, Selena N. (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-9002
Defendant's Lawyers Flynn, Steven J. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0003-9001 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Kiesler, Peter D. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0003-9001
Olsen, Edward A (California)
IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Putnam, Lisa M. (Texas)
IM-CA-0003-9002
Stevens, Elizabeth Jones (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0003-0005 | IM-CA-0003-0006 | IM-CA-0003-0007 | IM-CA-0003-0008 | IM-CA-0003-9000 | IM-CA-0003-9001
Swanson, Joann M. (California)
IM-CA-0003-9001
Walters, Mark C. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0003-0003 | IM-CA-0003-0004 | IM-CA-0003-9001 | IM-CA-0003-9002
Other Lawyers None on record

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