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Case Name Gray v. City of Valley Park IM-MO-0002
Docket / Court 4:07-cv-00881-ERW ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization MALDEF
Case Summary
This lawsuit was filed in state court in March 2007 by a landlord in Valley Park, Missouri, to challenge the City's anti-immigration ordinances, which reached both housing and employment issues. The plaintiff was one of several parties to an earlier case, in which the court had ruled prior ... read more >
This lawsuit was filed in state court in March 2007 by a landlord in Valley Park, Missouri, to challenge the City's anti-immigration ordinances, which reached both housing and employment issues. The plaintiff was one of several parties to an earlier case, in which the court had ruled prior versions of the ordinances unlawful under state law. Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, IM-MO-1. The City then passed amended versions, which are the subject of this lawsuit, and also of a new iteration of the Reynolds case ("Reynolds II"). In Reynolds II, the plaintiffs won a temporary restraining order in April, which was then continued by consent of the parties until final resolution. See IM-MO-1 for more details on the ordinances and both Reynolds litigations.

The plaintiff in this case filed a petition for a preliminary injunction, and the case was then removed by defendants to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, before Judge E. Richard Webber.

In July 2007, the City repealed the immigration-related components of the housing ordinance. Accordingly, on August 9, 2007, the parties in this case agreed to dismiss the housing-related causes of action. The employment matters remained in issue; the plaintiffs argued that the employment ordinance was inoperative, because its enacting language stated that it came into effect only on the end of the injunction in Reynolds v. Valley Park, and that injunction had become permanent. After the filing of the dismissal, the City enacted legislation which made the employment ordinance effective immediately. Plaintiffs filed a motion seeking a declaration that the employment ordinance was invalid and unenforceable and moved to amend their complaint. Both parties then filed cross-motions for summary judgment.

On October 5, 2007, Judge Webber issued an order granting plaintiffs leave to take nine additional discovery depositions. Plaintiff's request to depose the City Attorney was, however, denied. The depositions were completed on October 19, 2007, and the parties supplemented their summary judgment briefs to address the additional factual information gleamed from the depositions.

On January 31, 2008, Judge Webber issued his Memorandum and Order in which he held that the Ordinance at issue was not preempted by federal law, nor did plaintiffs prove that the Ordinance violated equal protection, due process or Missouri state law. Accordingly, the Court denied plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief and entered judgment in favor of the City.

Following plaintiff's appeal, the U.S. Court of Appeals, 8th Circuit, affirmed the lower court's order on June 5, 2009. At the time this summary was written, there have been no further appeals.

Elizabeth Daligga - 07/16/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Local / state enforcement of immigration laws (duplicate)
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) City of Valley Park
Plaintiff Description Landlord/owner of rental property in Valley Park, Missouri.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing IM-MO-0001 : Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, Missouri (State Court)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:07-cv-00881-ERW (E.D. Mo.) 10/05/2007
IM-MO-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 03/14/2007
IM-MO-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Amended Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 04/12/2007
IM-MO-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction 04/19/2007
IM-MO-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Response to Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction 06/01/2007
IM-MO-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for an Order Consolidating Trial on the Merits with Hearing on Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction 06/14/2007
IM-MO-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Memorandum In Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction 06/14/2007
IM-MO-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Memorandum and Order 08/08/2007 (2007 WL 2303952) (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0002-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs’ Motion and Supporting Memorandum for a Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative 08/09/2007
IM-MO-0002-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of Partial Voluntary Dismissal under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1) 08/09/2007
IM-MO-0002-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ordinance 1736: An Ordinance Amending Ordinance 1722 08/09/2007
IM-MO-0002-0011.pdf | Detail
Stipulation of Partial Voluntary Dismissal Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(1) 08/09/2007 (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0002-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Summary Judgment papers (Motion, Memo, Exhibits, Statement) 08/10/2007
IM-MO-0002-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plainitiffs' Reply Memorandum in Support of Motion for Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative 08/20/2007
IM-MO-0002-0013.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs’ Amended Reply Memorandum in Support Of Motion for Declaration that Valley Park Ordinance No. 1722 is Inoperative 08/21/2007
IM-MO-0002-0014.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs’ Memorandum in Support of Motion for Leave to File Second Amended Complaint 08/27/2007
IM-MO-0002-0015.pdf | Detail
Second Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 08/27/2007
IM-MO-0002-0016.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment 08/29/2007
IM-MO-0002-0017.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs’ Statement of Uncontroverted Material Facts 08/29/2007
IM-MO-0002-0018.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment 08/29/2007
IM-MO-0002-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment 09/06/2007
IM-MO-0002-0020.pdf | Detail
Defendant's Statement of Controverted Material Facts 09/06/2007
IM-MO-0002-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Response Memorandum in Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment 09/13/2007
IM-MO-0002-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment 09/27/2007
IM-MO-0002-0022.pdf | Detail
Reply Memorandum in Support of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment 09/27/2007
IM-MO-0002-0025.pdf | Detail
Memorandum and Order 10/05/2007 (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0002-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs’ Supplemental Memorandum In Opposition To Defendant’s Motion For Summary Judgment 10/26/2007
IM-MO-0002-0026.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant’s Supplemental Memorandum On The Pending Motions For Summary Judgment Reflecting Depositions Of The Mayor And Board Of Aldermen Of Valley Park, Missouri 10/26/2007
IM-MO-0002-0027.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
An Ordinance Amending the Effective Date of Ordinance No. 1736 11/19/2007
IM-MO-0002-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order 01/31/2008 (2008 WL 294294) (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0002-0029.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Opinion] 06/05/2009 (567 F.3d 976)
IM-MO-0002-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
Judges Arnold, Morris Sheppard (Eighth Circuit, W.D. Ark.)
IM-MO-0002-0030
Beam, Clarence Arlen (Eighth Circuit, D. Neb.)
IM-MO-0002-0030
Loken, James B. (Eighth Circuit)
IM-MO-0002-0030
Webber, E. Richard (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0002-0007 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0024 | IM-MO-0002-0029 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bermudez, Fernando (Missouri)
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Chang, Jennifer (California)
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Fuentes, Gabriel A. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Gelernt, Lee (New York)
IM-MO-0002-0001
Hurtado, Daniel J. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0009 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York)
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Meza, Ricardo (Illinois)
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Nagda, Jennifer (Illinois)
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Rothert, Anthony E. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0002-0001 | IM-MO-0002-0002 | IM-MO-0002-0003 | IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0005 | IM-MO-0002-0006 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0013 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Hethmon, Michael M. (District of Columbia)
IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Kobach, Kris W. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0009 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0012 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Martin, Eric M. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0002-0004 | IM-MO-0002-0008 | IM-MO-0002-0010 | IM-MO-0002-0014 | IM-MO-0002-0015 | IM-MO-0002-0016 | IM-MO-0002-0017 | IM-MO-0002-0018 | IM-MO-0002-0019 | IM-MO-0002-0020 | IM-MO-0002-0021 | IM-MO-0002-0022 | IM-MO-0002-0023 | IM-MO-0002-0025 | IM-MO-0002-0026 | IM-MO-0002-0027 | IM-MO-0002-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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