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Case Name Mayberry v. Maroney PC-PA-0017
Docket / Court 68-959 ( W.D. Pa. )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On July 29, 1966, an inmate incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania brought a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against the prison's superintendent in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The plaintiff sought ... read more >
On July 29, 1966, an inmate incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania brought a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against the prison's superintendent in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The plaintiff sought injunctive and monetary relief, alleging that physical abuse and defamation violated his rights under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments.

On July 29, 1966, the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania (Judge Wallace S. Gourley) dismissed the lawsuit, holding that federal courts lacked jurisdiction over the dispute because it involved a state question. On February 20, 1967, the United States Supreme Court refused the plaintiff's petition for writ of certiorari. Mayberry v. Maroney, 386 U.S. 931 (1967). On April 29, 1968, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (Per curium) reversed the District Court's dismissal, finding the legal questions presented in the claim were sufficient to merit the court's attention. Mayberry v. Maroney, 394 F.2d 181 (3d Cir. 1968).

On December 6, 1971, the District Court (Judge Hubert Irving Teitelbaum) held that the plaintiff's claim of systematic physical abuse could proceed because, if true, the plaintiff's allegations would amount to a deprivation of constitutional rights under the color of law. Mayberry v. Maroney, 337 F. Supp. 601 (W.D. Pa. 1971). The court, however, dismissed the plaintiff's defamation claims because the plaintiff should have claimed deprivation of the right to a fair trial. The court reasoned that raising such claims is only proper in a criminal case. In 1972, the court certified the lawsuit as a class action.

On January 18, 1973, the court approved a consent decree, in which the defendants agreed to stop confining inmates in the Correctional Institutions basement. The State resumed basement housing in December 1973, but waited until October 17, 1974, to ask the court to vacate the consent decree. On January 15, 1975, the District Court granted the motion without hearing because the named plaintiff had been transferred to another prison. On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (Judge Howard Thomas Markey) remanded, finding that the trial court erred by ruling without an evidentiary hearing. Mayberry v. Maroney, 529 F.2d 332 (3d Cir. 1976). The appellate court reasoned that the plaintiff retained standing as an inmate of the penal system and could take part in the action. On April 24, 1976, the District Court (Judge Teitelbaum) found that the basement detention facility did not violate the Constitution and vacated the consent judgment. Mayberry v. Maroney, 418 F. Supp. 669 (W.D. Pa. 1976).

On July 7, 1977, the Court of Appeals (Judge Caleb Rodney Layton, III) held that the district judge's refusal to recuse himself for partiality was proper but that the consent decree was improperly vacated because the circumstances had not changed. Mayberry v. Maroney, 558 F.2d 1159 (3rd Cir. 1977).

We have neither the docket nor the pleadings in this case.

Rebekah Henn Sullivan - 07/18/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Corrections
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Personal injury
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Pennsylvania State Correctional Institution
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are inmates incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1973 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Decision 02/20/1967 (386 U.S. 933)
PC-PA-0017-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion of the Court 04/29/1968 (394 F.2d 181)
PC-PA-0017-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion 12/06/1971 (337 F.Supp. 601) (W.D. Pa.)
PC-PA-0017-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 01/19/1976 (529 F.2d 332)
PC-PA-0017-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 08/24/1976 (418 F.Supp. 669) (W.D. Pa.)
PC-PA-0017-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 07/07/1977 (558 F.2d 1159)
PC-PA-0017-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Forman, Phillip (Third Circuit, D.N.J.)
PC-PA-0017-0004
Freedman, Abraham Lincoln (Third Circuit, E.D. Pa.)
PC-PA-0017-0004
Layton, Caleb Rodney III (D. Del.)
PC-PA-0017-0001
Markey, Howard Thomas (, Fed. Circuit)
PC-PA-0017-0003
McLaughlin, Gerald (Third Circuit)
PC-PA-0017-0004
Teitelbaum, Hubert Irving (W.D. Pa.)
PC-PA-0017-0002 | PC-PA-0017-0005
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Louik, Michael (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0005
Rosenfield, Michael L. (Illinois)
PC-PA-0017-0001 | PC-PA-0017-0002 | PC-PA-0017-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Creamer, J. Shane (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0005
Duff, John M. (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0001 | PC-PA-0017-0002 | PC-PA-0017-0003
Frank, Frederick N. (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0005
Kane, Robert P. (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0001 | PC-PA-0017-0003
Lawley, Frank P. (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0004 | PC-PA-0017-0004
Nene, Frederick R. (Pennsylvania)
PC-PA-0017-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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