University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Hill v. Anderson PC-OK-0003
Docket / Court 73-87 ( E.D. Okla. )
State/Territory Oklahoma
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1973, a black inmate in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Oklahoma Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma. The plaintiff, representing himself, asked the court for money damages, injunctive ... read more >
In 1973, a black inmate in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Oklahoma Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma. The plaintiff, representing himself, asked the court for money damages, injunctive relief and that he be transferred to a different institution, alleging that defendants, acting under color of law, deprived him of certain of his civil rights in connection with his confinement. Specifically, the plaintiff contended that defendants practiced racial discrimination against him with reference to housing and job assignment, and that he was abused, taunted, subjected to tear gas, placed in maximum segregation without charges being made against him, and denied access to the Courts.

Previously, on October 20, 1972, the Oklahoma Department of Corrections issued a directive that all facilities at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary be integrated and prohibiting racial segregation.

On March 5, 1974, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma (Judge Frederick A. Daugherty) dismissed the plaintiff's claims. Hill v. Anderson, 381 F. Supp. 906 (E.D. Okla. 1974). With respect to the plaintiff's housing assignment, Judge Daugherty found that the defendants, having substantially integrated the Penitentiary, did not act arbitrarily or capriciously when denying plaintiff's transfer request, did not violate the plaintiff's civil rights as he claims, and that the "Plaintiff [was] not entitled to a specific cell or cellhouse by making a request therefore." With respect to plaintiff's job assignment, Judge Daugherty found that "Plaintiff [was] not entitled to a job assignment of his choice in the prison," and further that the plaintiff presented no evidence as to who declined his request for the desired jobs or why he was not favorably considered. Judge Daugherty held that "it is an essential element of a Civil Rights claim that the particular defendant be personally involved in the alleged denial of the Constitutional Right." Judge Daugherty dismissed the plaintiff's claims of abuse, taunting and subjection to tear gas as having been abandoned for want of evidence. And Judge Daugherty dismissed the plaintiff's claim of being placed in maximum segregation without a charge and being denied access to the Courts as having been refuted by the evidence.

Kristen Sagar - 08/20/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disciplinary segregation
Law library access
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Oklahoma Department of Corrections
Oklahoma State Penitentiary
Plaintiff Description Black inmate in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary complaining that, acting under color of state law, prison officials deprived him of his civil rights in connection with his confinement as a prisoner
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Unknown
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1972 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1974
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion 03/05/1974 (381 F.Supp. 906) (E.D. Okla.)
PC-OK-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Daugherty, Frederick Alvin (E.D. Okla., N.D. Okla., FISC, W.D. Okla.)
PC-OK-0003-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers Kennedy, Kay Karen (Oklahoma)
PC-OK-0003-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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