University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Raven v. Hess PC-OK-0002
Docket / Court 77-165 ( E.D. Okla. )
State/Territory Oklahoma
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1977, a Native American incarcerated in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary ("OSP") filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, against the Warden of OSP. The plaintiff alleged that practices and procedures at OSP denied his right to ... read more >
In 1977, a Native American incarcerated in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary ("OSP") filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, against the Warden of OSP. The plaintiff alleged that practices and procedures at OSP denied his right to practice his Native American culture and religion, in violation of his First and Fourteenth Amendment rights.

On August 4, 1978, the defendant and other officials issued a new section to the operations of the OSP. OP-090301 expanded inmate access to outside chaplains to include Native American spiritual leaders. Inmates were also permitted to receive and possess items incident to the practice of Native American religion for the newly allowed religious worship, so long as the items were not in violation of some other safety requirement at the OSP.

On November 14, 1978, recognizing the changes in OSP operations, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma (Judge Frederick Alvin Daugherty) dismissed the case with prejudice, and ordered each party to bear his own costs.

Greg Venker - 05/21/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
General
Religious programs / policies
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Oklahoma State Penitentiary
Plaintiff Description American Indian incarcerated in the Oklahoma State Penitentiary alleging he was denied his right to practice his Indian culture and religion, in violation of rights secured to him by the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Unknown
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Voluntary Dismissal
Order Duration 1978 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1978
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Order on Dismissal 11/14/1978 (E.D. Okla.)
PC-OK-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Judges Daugherty, Frederick Alvin (N.D. Okla., FISC, W.D. Okla., E.D. Okla.)
PC-OK-0002-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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