University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Santiago v. Miles PC-NY-0039
Docket / Court 86-649 ( W.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1986, black and Hispanic inmates at the Elmira Correctional Facility in New York brought a class action suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the prison administrators for widespread discrimination in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. Plaintiffs, represented by ... read more >
In 1986, black and Hispanic inmates at the Elmira Correctional Facility in New York brought a class action suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the prison administrators for widespread discrimination in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. Plaintiffs, represented by the Prisoners' Rights Project of the Legal Aid Society, alleged that prison guards and administrators gave better jobs, preferable housing, and administered less discipline to white inmates. Plaintiffs sought injunctive relief and requested the court to fashion the appropriate remedy. The District Court of the Western District of New York (Judge David Larimer) found that plaintiffs had established a pattern of unconstitutional racial discrimination with respect to housing, jobs, and discipline. Santiago v. Miles, 774 F.Supp. 775 (W.D. N.Y. 1991). The Court ruled that injunctive relief was warranted but decided that it was the parties themselves who should decide what the form of that relief should be. Accordingly, the Court directed the parties to meet together within thirty days to discuss (1) the practices and procedures that need to be implemented to rectify the violations found and (2) the terms of the injunction, and to report back to the Court with a progress report within 40 days of the decision.

According to the PACER docket, it was not until February 1993 that the Court actually issued its injunction, after receiving a proposed plan from defendants and comments on that plan by plaintiffs. Defendants appealed but subsequently withdrew that appeal on some kind of stipulation. Shortly thereafter, the District Court vacated its prior judgment and entered a new judgment on October 1, 1993, about which the docket reveals nothing.

The parties stipulated to unspecified attorneys' fees, and a ""revised proposed plan"" was filed by defendants on April 6, 1995. No substantive additional pleadings were filed. The docket ends in January 2000.

No further information is available on Westlaw or PACER.

Rebecca Bloch - 02/15/2006


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
Rehabilitation
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) New York State Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description black and Hispanic inmates at the Elmira Correctional Facility in New York
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1993 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
86-0694L (W.D.N.Y.) 01/20/2000
PC-NY-0039-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Decision and Order 07/26/1988 (121 F.R.D. 636) (W.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0039-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Decision and Order 10/01/1991 (774 F.Supp. 775) (W.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0039-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Fisher, Kenneth R. (State Supreme Court)
PC-NY-0039-0002
Larimer, David G. (W.D.N.Y.) [Magistrate]
PC-NY-0039-0001 | PC-NY-0039-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Boston, John (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0001
Lewis, David A. (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0002
Spencer, Claudette R. (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0001 | PC-NY-0039-0002 | PC-NY-0039-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Gelormini, Joseph (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0001
Gelormini, James L. (New York)
PC-NY-0039-9000
Hotvet, Martin A. (New York)
PC-NY-0039-9000
McDonald, Elizabeth J. (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0001 | PC-NY-0039-9000
Rodriguez, Carlos (New York)
PC-NY-0039-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -