University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Jolly v. Coughlin PC-NY-0014
Docket / Court 92-9026 ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On December 15, 1992, a Rastafarian inmate at the Southport Correctional Facility in Pine City, New York filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) 42 U.S.C. §2000b, against the New York State Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court ... read more >
On December 15, 1992, a Rastafarian inmate at the Southport Correctional Facility in Pine City, New York filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) 42 U.S.C. §2000b, against the New York State Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiff asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages, alleging that the defendants had violated his constitutional rights by subjecting him to mandatory medical confinement when he refused to undergo a tuberculosis screening, which he believed to be in violation of his religious convictions.

On August 14, 1995, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (Judge John George Koeltl) granted a preliminary injunction to the plaintiff. Jolly v. Coughlin, 894 F.Supp. 734 (S.D.N.Y. 1995). The defendants asked the court to modify the preliminary injunction order. On August 30, 1995, the district court denied the motion. Jolly v. Coughlin, 907 F.Supp. 63 (S.D.N.Y. 1995). The defendants appealed. On February 7, 1996, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Judge Jose A. Cabranes), affirmed the district court's decision. 76 F.3d 468 (2nd Cir. 1996).

On February 27, 1997, prior to the beginning of trial, the defendants made an offer of judgment in the amount of $30,360, but the plaintiff refused it. On December 9, 1997, a jury returned a verdict in favor of the plaintiff, awarding him injunctive relief and $30,000 in damages. The plaintiff and the defendants both asked the court to award them costs and attorneys' fees. On January 19, 1999, the district court (Judge Koeltl) awarded attorneys' fees and costs to the plaintiff for the time prior to February 27, 1997. The court also awarded costs to the defendants for the time after February 27, 1997, but denied the defendants' request for attorneys' fees. Jolly v. Coughlin, No.92-9026, 1999 WL 20895 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 19, 1999). The plaintiff appealed. On January 24, 2000, the Second Circuit dismissed the appeal.

Kristen Sagar - 11/10/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
General
Classification / placement
Religious programs / policies
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Religious Freedom Rest. Act/Religious Land Use and Inst. Persons Act (RFRA/RLUIPA)
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) New York State Department of Corrections
Sing Sing
Plaintiff Description Inmate whose claims arise out of arose out of his confinement in medical keeplock for over three years, without exercise and with only one shower per week, after he refused to take a tuberculosis screening test
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1995 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
92-9026 (S.D.N.Y.) 09/06/2000
PC-NY-0014-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum 04/10/1995 (1995 WL 168810) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion and Order 08/14/1995 (894 F.Supp. 734) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order 08/21/1995 (1995 WL 495641 / 1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 11944) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion and Order 08/30/1995 (907 F.Supp. 63) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 02/07/1996 (76 F.3d 468)
PC-NY-0014-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion and Order 01/19/1999 (1999 WL 20895 / 1999 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 349) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Cabranes, Jose Alberto (D. Conn., FISCR, Second Circuit)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Feinberg, Wilfred (Second Circuit, S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Koeltl, John George (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0014-0001 | PC-NY-0014-0002 | PC-NY-0014-0004 | PC-NY-0014-0005 | PC-NY-0014-0006 | PC-NY-0014-9000
Oakes, James Lowell (Second Circuit, D. Vt.)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bharara, Preetinder S. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Brandt, Shari A. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0004
Moore, Leslie E. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0002 | PC-NY-0014-0003 | PC-NY-0014-0004
Procas, Simone (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Hathaway, Barbara (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0001 | PC-NY-0014-0002 | PC-NY-0014-0003 | PC-NY-0014-0004 | PC-NY-0014-9000
Schiff, Peter H. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Singleton, Valerie (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0004
Smirlock, Daniel (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0003
Spitzer, Eliot (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0004
Vacco, Dennis C. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0001 | PC-NY-0014-0002 | PC-NY-0014-0003
Other Lawyers Karlan, Mitchell A. (New York)
PC-NY-0014-0003 | PC-NY-0014-0004 | PC-NY-0014-9000

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