University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Loya v. Board of County Commissioners JC-ID-0003
Docket / Court 91-216 ( D. Idaho )
State/Territory Idaho
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
On June 3, 1991, inmates of the Bannock County Jail in Pocatello, Idaho, representing all present and future inmates, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho, against jail and county officials, alleging that the conditions at the ... read more >
On June 3, 1991, inmates of the Bannock County Jail in Pocatello, Idaho, representing all present and future inmates, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho, against jail and county officials, alleging that the conditions at the jail violated the First, Sixth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. The inmates were represented by the American Civil Liberties Union. The inmates moved for partial summary judgment on the issues of overcrowding, inadequate staffing, inadequate recreation, inadequate lighting, and inadequate plumbing. On April 15, 1992, the court (Magistrate Judge Mikel H. Williams) certified the class. On May 4, 1992, the court (Magistrate Williams) found that the jail was unconstitutionally overcrowded, and that the lighting and plumbing was unconstitutionally inadequate. Loya v. The Board of County Comm. Of Bannock County, Idaho, No. CV91-216-E-MHW, 1992 WL 176131 (D. Idaho May 4, 1992). The court ordered the defendants to place a maximum population cap on the jail of 40 prisoners, except in emergency situations where an additional 5 prisoners would be allowed for no more than 72 hours. The court also ordered the defendants to obtain a plumbing and electrical report within 30 days and to repair the deficiencies within a short time following the report. Because of the order to decrease the jail population, the court did not determine the constitutionality of the staffing and recreation claims, but rather ordered the defendants to report to the court within 60 days of the decrease in population, whether staffing and recreation facilities would be adequate after the decrease. On December 18, 1992, the court (Magistrate Williams) granted the inmates' motion for additional relief. The court ordered the defendants to complete the hiring process for new staff by March 1, 1993, to establish an indoor recreation area, and to offer all inmates indoor or outdoor recreation for at least one hour per day, six days per week. On June 24, 1993, the court (Magistrate Williams) entered a stipulated order of dismissal of plaintiff's claims with prejudice, subject to the terms of a consent decree (which unfortunately we do not have).

Jaclyn Adams - 03/17/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
General
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Bannock County Commission
Plaintiff Description inmates of the Bannock County Jail in Pocatello, Idaho, representing all present and future inmates
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1992 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1993
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
91-216 (D. Idaho) 06/24/1993
JC-ID-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion & Order 05/04/1992 (1992 WL 176131 / 1992 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 11242) (D. Idaho)
JC-ID-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Williams, Mikel H. (D. Idaho) [Magistrate]
JC-ID-0003-0001 | JC-ID-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Pevar, Stephen L. (Colorado)
JC-ID-0003-0001 | JC-ID-0003-9000
Stanzak, Joseph S. (Idaho)
JC-ID-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Sasser, David (Idaho)
JC-ID-0003-0001 | JC-ID-0003-9000
Sasser, M. Michael (Idaho)
JC-ID-0003-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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