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Case Name Amador v. Department of Correctional Services PC-NY-0009
Docket / Court 1:03-cv-00650-KTD-GWG ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On January 28, 2003, seventeen current and former female inmates at the New York State Department of Correctional Services filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against two classes of defendants pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiffs ... read more >
On January 28, 2003, seventeen current and former female inmates at the New York State Department of Correctional Services filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against two classes of defendants pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiffs alleged that the prison correctional staff engaged in repeated acts of sexual abuse and harassment against female inmates in New York state prisons. These alleged acts ranged in severity from verbal harassment to unwanted touching to coerced sexual intercourse to forcible rape. Further, plaintiffs alleged that the supervisory staff was aware of the sexual misconduct of the correctional staff but failed to stop it. The inmates, represented by counsel from the Prisoner's Rights Project as well as by private counsel, sought a declaratory judgment that the policies, practices, actions, and omissions of the supervisory staff violated their constitutional rights protected under the First, Fourth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Plaintiffs also sought an injunction enjoining the supervisory staff from subjecting the female inmates to the sexual misconduct of the correctional staff, and they requested an order compelling the defendants to formulate a plan to end this abuse. Plaintiffs also sought damages.

Plaintiffs filed a motion for class certification and a request for entry of default judgment. Additionally, both sets of defendants filed a motion to dismiss or for summary judgment. On September 13, 2005, the District Court (Judge Kevin Duffy) dismissed, for lack of standing, the claims for injunctive relief and declaratory judgment of plaintiffs who had been released from custody. The Court also ordered the parties to address whether plaintiffs' individual claims for damages were properly joined with one another and with the class claims for injunctive relief. Amador v. Dep't of Correctional Serv., No. 1:03CV650, 2005 U.S. Dist. WL 2234050 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 13, 2005).

On December 4, 2007, Judge Duffy dismissed all of the plaintiffs' claims, with the exception of the claims of plaintiff Shenyell Smith against Delroy Thorpe, for failure to exhaust their administrative remedies. In addition, Judge Duffy held that two of the plaintiff's claims for injunctive and declaratory relief had become moot, as they had both since been released. The Court also denied the motion for class certification. Amador v. Superintendents of Dept. of Correctional Services, 2007 WL 4326747 (S.D.N.Y. Dec 04, 2007). On April 23, 2008, the plaintiffs appealed this decision.

Regarding the claims of Shenyell Smith against defendant Thorpe, on June 10, 2010, Judge Duffy granted Shenyell Smith's motion for summary judgment. Officer Hudson had the opportunity to offer evidence contesting Smith's allegations that he violated her Eighth Amendment rights when he forcibly sodomized her on two separate occasion, but chose not to do so. On December 6, 2010, Judge Duffy granted defendant Thorpe's motion to sever the claims asserted against him from all other plaintiffs, as well as defendants Smith and Gilbert's for severance to transfer the case to the Western District of New York.

Regarding the appeal, on August 19, 2011, Judge Ralph K. Winter of the Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, held that three appellants had exhausted administrative remedies while the remaining ten had not. In addition, Judge Winter held that it was error for the district court to dismiss as moot the claims of the three individual plaintiffs even though they had been released from prison after the filing of the amended complaint. As a result, Judge Winter vacated the judgment in part and remanded for further proceedings for those three defendants. 655 F.3d 89 (2d Cir. 2011).

On July 26, 2012, plaintiff Shenyell Smith settled all of her claims against the defendants, who agreed to pay a total of $15,000 to Smith's attorney.

September 13, 2010 plaintiff Shantelle Smith moved to voluntarily dismiss all of her claims with prejudice because she reached a settlement with the Supervisory Defendants, the State of New York, and defendant James Hudson for all of her claims in this action and all claims she asserted against the State of New York in the New York Court of Claims, Claim No. 110268. The terms of the agreed settlement were set forth on March 27, 2012, and so ordered by Judge Scuccimarra in the New York Court of Claims, Claim No. 110268.

On July 1, 2015 the sole remaining plaintiff in this case, plaintiff Stephanie Dawson, reached a settlement agreement with the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. In the settlement none of the defendants admitted fault or liability. Plaintiff Stephanie Dawson settled with the defendants for the amount of $10,000.

Kristen Sagar - 01/08/2008
Jessica Kincaid - 11/06/2013
Erin Pamukcu - 01/31/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
General
Sex w/ staff; sexual harassment by staff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) New York Department of Correctional Services
Plaintiff Description Female inmates in New York State prisons who were subjected to repeated acts of sexual abuse and harassment by prison staff
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
03-650 (S.D.N.Y.) 07/06/2015
PC-NY-0009-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action First Amended Complaint 09/05/2003
PC-NY-0009-0002 PDF | Detail
Answer to Class Action First Amended Complaint 03/31/2005
PC-NY-0009-0001 PDF | Detail
Memorandum and Order 09/13/2005 (2005 WL 2234050 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 20249) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion and Order 12/04/2007 (2007 WL 4326747 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 89648) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion and Order (Granting Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment) 06/10/2010 (2010 WL 2365855) (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0003 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (Dismissing Claims for Lack of Jurisdiction, Vacating Judgment of District Court, and Remanding Further Proceedings) 08/19/2011 (655 F.3d 89)
PC-NY-0009-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Stipulation of Settlement and Order of Dismissal 07/25/2012 (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0004 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Voluntary Dismissal of Claims with Prejudice; Stipulation; Proposed Order 09/11/2012 (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order 12/11/2014 (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of Settlement, General Release, and Order of Dismissal 07/06/2015
PC-NY-0009-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Duffy, Kevin Thomas (S.D.N.Y.)
PC-NY-0009-0003 | PC-NY-0009-0004 | PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-0007 | PC-NY-0009-0008 | PC-NY-0009-0009 | PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Gorenstein, Gabriel W. (S.D.N.Y.) [Magistrate]
PC-NY-0009-9000
Winter, Ralph K. Jr. (FISCR, Second Circuit)
PC-NY-0009-0006
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers De Oliveira, Pedro Lourenco (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Eisenberg, Svetlana Malahova (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Freeman, Lisa (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0002 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Gear, Camille (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Gearhart, Terra Linden (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Houlding, Rebecca (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0004
Lewis, Dori A. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0002 | PC-NY-0009-0004 | PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Mikkor, Alison (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
O'Connor, Maeve L. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Pedro, Portia D. (New Jersey)
PC-NY-0009-0004 | PC-NY-0009-0005
Rich, Camille Gear (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0002
Ruskay-Kidd, Scott (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0002 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Salas-Aguilar, Claudio Damian (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Smith, Shenyell (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0004
Smith, Justin P (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Smith, Jennifer Lea (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Vela, Veronica (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0004 | PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Wang, Zheng (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Avallone, Rocco G. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Demchuk, Barbara P. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
DiMillo, Thomas M. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Dolan, Cynthia (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0004
Durden, Rebecca Ann (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Galbreath, Michael R. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Kaminksy, Harvey A. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Kennedy, Christopher T. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
La Tona, Joseph M. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Leonard, Christina (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0001 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Maddox, Barbara D. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-0010
Muscato, George V.C. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Novak, David William (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Potter, James T. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Rich, Walter (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Schaefer, Lawrence Henry (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Schlenker, Dennis B. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Schneiderman, Eric T. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0005
Schulze, Daniel A. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-0004 | PC-NY-0009-0005 | PC-NY-0009-0010 | PC-NY-0009-9000
Tiveron, Diane R. (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Walsh, John J. II (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000
Other Lawyers Colon, Raymond L (New York)
PC-NY-0009-9000

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