University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name EEOC v. UNION INDEPENDIENTE AUTENTICA DE LA AAA, et al. EE-PR-0001
Docket / Court 3:96-cv-02650-PG ( D.P.R. )
State/Territory Puerto Rico
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection EEOC Study -- in sample
Attorney Organization EEOC
Case Summary
The EEOC brought this suit in December 1996 in U.S. District Court, District of Puerto Rico, against the AAA (Autoridad de Acueductos y Alcantarillados, or the Aqueduct and Sewer Authority), Ondeo de Puerto Rico, a private water and sanitation company, and the UIA (Union Independiente Autentica de ... read more >
The EEOC brought this suit in December 1996 in U.S. District Court, District of Puerto Rico, against the AAA (Autoridad de Acueductos y Alcantarillados, or the Aqueduct and Sewer Authority), Ondeo de Puerto Rico, a private water and sanitation company, and the UIA (Union Independiente Autentica de la AAA) with whom the AAA had a collective bargaining agreement. The suit alleged that the defendants violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act by requiring an employee who was a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church to join the union, even though doing so was contrary to his religious beliefs.

The EEOC moved for summary judgment on the issue of liability, and the UIA filed a cross motion for summary judgment. In December 1998, the district court ruled in favor of the EEOC, holding that the UIA had not adequately accommodated the employee. E.E.O.C. v. UIA, 30 F.Supp.2d 217 (D.Puerto Rico 1998). The UIA appealed, and the Court of Appeals reversed the district court, on the grounds that it was a disputed issue of fact whether the employee had a sincerely held, bona fide religious belief that prevented him from joining the union. E.E.O.C. v. UIA, 279 F.3d 49 (1st Cir. 2002).

After remand to district court, the parties settled, and a consent decree was entered in June 2003. The defendants agreed to reinstate the employee without requiring him to join the union, and the UIA agreed to provide him with $75,000 in back pay. The defendants also promised to revise their EEO policy, to provide EEO training for managers, and to implement procedures for requesting religious accommodations.

Jason Chester - 08/04/2008


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Post/Distribute Notice of Rights / EE Law
Provide antidiscrimination training
Reinstatement
Reporting
Retaliation Prohibition
Discrimination-area
Accommodation / Leave
Discharge / Constructive Discharge / Layoff
Discipline
Discrimination-basis
Religion discrimination
EEOC-centric
Direct Suit on Merits
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
EEOC Plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e
Defendant(s) Autoridad de Acueductos y Alcantarillados de Puerto Rico
Ondeo De Puerto Rico
Union Independiente Autentica de la AAA
Plaintiff Description Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, on behalf of one or more workers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations EEOC
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2000 - 2002
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:96-cv-02650-PG (D.P.R.) 06/13/2003
EE-PR-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion & Order [Regarding Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment] 12/17/1998 (30 F.Supp.2d 217) (D.P.R.)
EE-PR-0001-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion & Order [Regarding Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment] 07/11/2000 (103 F.Supp.2d 480) (D.P.R.)
EE-PR-0001-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion & Order [Awarding Back Pay and Prejudgment Interest] 09/26/2000 (D.P.R.)
EE-PR-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion & Order [Amending Judgment to Include Injunctive Relief] 11/14/2000 (D.P.R.)
EE-PR-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Opinion Reversing S/J Grant] 02/04/2002 (279 F.3d 49)
EE-PR-0001-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order [Regarding Jury Trial Motions] 09/09/2002 (D.P.R.)
EE-PR-0001-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree 06/13/2003
EE-PR-0001-0004 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
EEOC Litigation Settlements - June 2003 06/30/2003
EE-PR-0001-0005 PDF | Detail
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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