University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name EEOC v. INVESTAMERICA MANAGEMENT, INC. EE-TX-0176
Docket / Court A-03-CA-457-LY ( W.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection EEOC Study -- in sample
Attorney Organization EEOC
Case Summary
In July 2003, the EEOC's San Antonio office filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas against Invest America Management, Inc., alleging that the defendant had violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when it unlawfully discharged a woman because of her ... read more >
In July 2003, the EEOC's San Antonio office filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas against Invest America Management, Inc., alleging that the defendant had violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when it unlawfully discharged a woman because of her race, which was Black. The woman intervened in the suit in October 2003 and added a Texas state law claim on top of the Title VII claim. The defendant had been properly served in September 2003, but did not make any other appearances in the case. As a result, the EEOC moved for and was granted a default judgment against the defendant in December 2003 and the complainant moved for and was given the same in March 2004. The EEOC's judgment awarded $422,932.65 to the complainant and enjoined the defendant from discriminating in the future as well as required the defendant to provide Title VII training to its managers and allow EEOC inspectors unfettered access to its facilities. The complainant was awarded $1,500,000 based on her intervening complaint.

Tony Friedman - 08/23/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Monitoring
Neutral/Positive Reference
Post/Distribute Notice of Rights / EE Law
Provide antidiscrimination training
Discrimination-area
Discharge / Constructive Discharge / Layoff
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
EEOC-centric
Direct Suit on Merits
Private Party intervened in EEOC suit
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
EEOC Plaintiff
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action State law
Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e
Defendant(s) Invest America Management, Inc.
Plaintiff Description Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, on behalf of one or more workers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations EEOC
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:03-cv-00457-LY (W.D. Tex.) 03/22/2004
EE-TX-0176-9000 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Complaint 07/07/2003
EE-TX-0176-0001 PDF | Detail
Plaintiff-Intervenor Complaint 11/04/2003
EE-TX-0176-0002 PDF | Detail
Judgment 12/15/2003 (W.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0176-0003 PDF | Detail
Judgment 03/08/2004 (W.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0176-0004 PDF | Detail
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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