University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Small v. Hunt PC-NC-0005
Docket / Court 85-987 ( E.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Education
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) State Prison Facilities
Plaintiff Description Inmates of 49 minimum and medium security prisons in North Carolina that utilized dormitory-style housing where prisoners slept on bunks in large rooms.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1989 - 1997
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
5:85-cv-00987-BR (E.D.N.C.) 03/19/1997
PC-NC-0005-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
85-987 (E.D.N.C.) 10/26/2011
PC-NC-0005-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order 01/07/1994 (152 F.R.D. 509) (E.D.N.C.)
PC-NC-0005-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact 06/28/1994 (858 F.Supp. 510) (E.D.N.C.)
PC-NC-0005-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 10/16/1996 (98 F.3d 789)
PC-NC-0005-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Britt, William Earl (E.D.N.C.)
PC-NC-0005-0003 | PC-NC-0005-9000
Denson, Alexander B. (E.D.N.C.) [Magistrate]
PC-NC-0005-0004
Michael, M. Blane (Fourth Circuit)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Gerard, Daniele (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Lawrence, Melinda (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002 | PC-NC-0005-0003 | PC-NC-0005-0004 | PC-NC-0005-9001
Lesesne, Louis L. Jr. (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002 | PC-NC-0005-0003 | PC-NC-0005-0004 | PC-NC-0005-9001
Pollitt, Susan H. (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Sparrow, Marvin (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002 | PC-NC-0005-0003 | PC-NC-0005-0004 | PC-NC-0005-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Easley, Michael F. (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Smiley, Tiare Bowe (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Smith, James Peeler (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002 | PC-NC-0005-0004 | PC-NC-0005-9001
Smith, Jim (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0003
Talbert, W. Dale (North Carolina)
PC-NC-0005-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

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