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Case Name Parton v. White PC-MO-0010
Docket / Court 81-19 ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On May 11, 1981, prisoners at the Missouri Training Center for Men in Moberly, Missouri, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The plaintiffs, represented by Gateway ... read more >
On May 11, 1981, prisoners at the Missouri Training Center for Men in Moberly, Missouri, filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The plaintiffs, represented by Gateway Legal Services, alleged that their constitutional rights had been violated by overcrowding at the prison.

On November 21, 1983, the parties entered into a consent decree, and on December 30, 1983, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge John Regan) approved the consent decree and terminated the case.

On January 25, 1996, the defendants asked the court to modify the consent decree, allowing them to permanently increase the inmate population at the prison. On October 15, 1996, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge David Noce) permanently modified the consent decree, allowing the defendants to increase the prison population to 1800 prisoners. The plaintiffs appealed this decision.

On February 11, 2000, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit issued a per curiam opinion affirming the district court's decision to modify the consent decree. Parton v. White, 203 F.3d 552 (8th Cir. 2000). The plaintiffs appealed this decision, and on October 30, 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court denied the petition for writ of certiorari and refused to consider the case. Cooper v. White, 531 U.S. 963 (2000).

Kristen Sagar - 03/31/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Missouri Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description prisoners at the Missouri Training Center for Men in Moberly, Missouri
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1983 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
81-19 (E.D. Mo.) 05/22/2001
PC-MO-0010-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Reported Opinion 02/11/2000 (203 F.3d 552)
PC-MO-0010-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision 10/30/2000 (531 U.S. 963)
PC-MO-0010-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Arnold, Richard Sheppard (Eighth Circuit, E.D. Ark., W.D. Ark.)
PC-MO-0010-0001
Beam, Clarence Arlen (Eighth Circuit, D. Neb.)
PC-MO-0010-0001
Noce, David D. (E.D. Mo.) [Magistrate]
PC-MO-0010-9000
Wollman, Roger Leland (Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0010-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Chackes, Kenneth (Missouri)
PC-MO-0010-9000
Ferry, Michael (Missouri)
PC-MO-0010-9000
Wagner-Hilliard, Diana M. (Missouri)
PC-MO-0010-0001 | PC-MO-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Johnston, David (Missouri)
PC-MO-0010-0001 | PC-MO-0010-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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