University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Green v. Caspari PC-MO-0009
Docket / Court 84-1743 ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On July 27, 1984, inmates at the Missouri Eastern Correctional Center filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The plaintiffs alleged that their constitutional rights had ... read more >
On July 27, 1984, inmates at the Missouri Eastern Correctional Center filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The plaintiffs alleged that their constitutional rights had been violated by overcrowding and lack of medical care.

On June 13, 1986, the parties entered into a consent decree, which stated that the corrections officials were to set aside sixteen single-occupancy cells within the prison's general population housing, and that they were also to provide for a nurse to be on duty at all times.

In 1990, the plaintiffs asked the court to enforce the consent decree, alleging that the defendants had not "continuously set aside sixteen single cells." The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge Stephen Limbaugh) held that the defendants had shown sufficiently changed circumstances to allow them to modify the consent decree. The plaintiffs appealed.

On August 3, 1992, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (Judge Morris Arnold, Judge Gerald Heaney, and Judge Frank Magill) issued a per curiam decision affirming the district court's ruling. Green v. Moore, 1992 WL 181425 (8th Cir.(Mo.) Aug. 3, 1992).

On May 30, 1997, the defendants asked the court to terminate the consent decree and close the case pursuant to the Prison Litigation Reform Act. On July 3, 1997, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge Limbaugh) granted the defendants' request to terminate the consent decree and close the case. The plaintiffs appealed.

On June 25, 1998, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (Judge Theodore McMillian, Judge James Loken, and Judge Diana Murphy) denied the appeal. Green v. Caspari, 1998 WL 390406 (8th Cir.(Mo.) June 25, 1998).

Kristen Sagar - 04/04/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medical care, unspecified
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Missouri Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description inmates at the Missouri Eastern Correctional Center
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1986 - 1997
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
84-1743 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 08/03/1998
PC-MO-0009-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 08/03/1992 (972 F.2d 353)
PC-MO-0009-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 06/25/1998 (162 F.3d 1164)
PC-MO-0009-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Arnold, Richard Sheppard (E.D. Ark., W.D. Ark., Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0001
Heaney, Gerald William (Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0001
Limbaugh, Stephen Nathaniel (W.D. Mo., E.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0009-9000
Loken, James B. (Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0002
Magill, Frank J. (Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0001
McMillian, Theodore (Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0002
Murphy, Diana E. (D. Minn., Eighth Circuit)
PC-MO-0009-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Permuter, Lawrence (Missouri)
PC-MO-0009-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Gardner, Gary L. (Missouri)
PC-MO-0009-9000
Thomas, Denise (Missouri)
PC-MO-0009-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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