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Case Name Picon v. Morris PC-MO-0008
Docket / Court 84-103 ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On August 31, 1984, prisoners at the Missouri Training Center for Men filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The class action was the product of three cases that were ... read more >
On August 31, 1984, prisoners at the Missouri Training Center for Men filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Missouri Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The class action was the product of three cases that were immediately consolidated. (Capraro v. Morris and Harris v. Morris) The plaintiffs alleged that their constitutional rights had been violated by the use of emergency segregation cells at the prison.

On January 24, 1986, the parties entered into a consent decree, in which the defendants agreed not to use emergency segregation cells. On March 8, 1989, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge Robert Kingsland) found that the defendants had complied with the decree and dismissed the case.

Barry McBride was a prisoner at the Missouri Training Center for Men during the period of time governed by the consent decree, and in August 1987, the defendants housed him in an emergency segregation cell for twelve days. After his release from the prison in 1988, he filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that his rights had been violated by the defendants' actions in violation of the consent decree. The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge Richard Webber) denied McBride's claim. He appealed.

On May 16, 1991, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit (Judge Clarence Arlen Beam, Judge Myron Bright, and Judge George Woods) reversed the district court's denial of McBride's claim and remanded the case, ordering the district court to reopen the case and enforce the consent decree. Picon v. Morris, 933 F.2d 660 (8th Cir. 1991).

On January 30, 1992, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (Judge Catherine Perry) denied McBride's motion for contempt, ruling that it was moot. The court further ordered that the order previously dismissing the case would be modified only to the extent that the court would retain jurisdiction solely for the purposes of enforcement of modification of the ongoing consent decree. We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 04/04/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Administrative segregation
Disciplinary segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Missouri Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Prisoner challenging the use of emergency segregation cells
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1986 - 1989
Case Closing Year 1989
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
84-98 (E.D. Mo.) 08/21/1984
PC-MO-0008-9002 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
84-150 (E.D. Mo.) 01/03/1995
PC-MO-0008-9001 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
84-103 (W.D. Mo.) 04/28/1999
PC-MO-0008-9000 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Reported Opinion 05/16/1991 (933 F.2d 660)
PC-MO-0008-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Beam, Clarence Arlen (Eighth Circuit, D. Neb.)
PC-MO-0008-0001
Hamilton, Jean Constance (E.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0008-9001 | PC-MO-0008-9002
Webber, E. Richard (E.D. Mo.)
PC-MO-0008-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bebout, Cawood K. (Florida)
PC-MO-0008-9001
Guinness, Robert (Missouri)
PC-MO-0008-0001 | PC-MO-0008-9000
Warfield, David A. (Missouri)
PC-MO-0008-9002
Defendant's Lawyers Johnston, David (Missouri)
PC-MO-0008-9000
Neff, Deborah (Missouri)
PC-MO-0008-0001 | PC-MO-0008-9000 | PC-MO-0008-9001 | PC-MO-0008-9002
Other Lawyers None on record

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