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Case Name Carter v. Kamka PC-MD-0010
Docket / Court 72-642 ( D. Md. )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
In 1972, Maryland prison inmates filed a Section 1983 class action suit in federal district court for the District of Maryland against officials of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief to remedy defendants' alleged ... read more >
In 1972, Maryland prison inmates filed a Section 1983 class action suit in federal district court for the District of Maryland against officials of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief to remedy defendants' alleged failure to provide adequate law library facilities. At some point the Legal Aid Bureau agreed to represent plaintiffs.

In 1977, parties filed cross-motions for summary judgment. The District Court (Judge Frank Kaufman) granted defendants' motion for summary judgment holding that ""an indigent prisoner does have an adequate opportunity to present his claims fairly in Maryland's courts"" Hall v. Maryland, 433 F. Supp. 756, 781 (D. Md. 1977). Plaintiffs appealed, and the Court of Appeals affirmed in part, vacated in part, and remanded, holding that prisoners' ""constitutional right of access to the courts extends to federal civil rights claims."" Carter v. Hardy, 573 F.2d 172, 173 (4th Cir. 1978). On remand, the District Court held that the current Maryland legal assistance program did provide adequate legal assistance in civil rights matters and ordered defendants to submit a report six months later, detailing the maintenance of the assistance program. Carter v. Kamka, 515 F. Supp. 825 (D. Md. 1980).

In 1989, Judge Kaufman repeated his approval of Maryland's legal assistance to prisoners in dismissing new claims of violations by plaintiffs. Carter v. Kamka, 1989 WL 234029 (D. Md. Sept. 13, 1989). In 1996, in response to renewed challenges to the adequacy of Maryland's legal assistance program, Judge Kaufman held that the 1980 order did not extend to ""representation in cases other than those dealing with the status of convictions and actions under"" section 1983. Carter v. Kamka, 932 F. Supp. 122, 123 (D. Md. 1996).

There was no PACER docket available for this case.

Eoghan Keenan - 05/25/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Law library access
Library (non-law) access
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Maryland Correctional System
Plaintiff Description prisoners of the State of Maryland
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1980 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 02/08/1977 (433 F.Supp. 756) (D. Md.)
PC-MD-0010-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 03/21/1978 (573 F.2d 172)
PC-MD-0010-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order 12/12/1980 (515 F.Supp. 825) (D. Md.)
PC-MD-0010-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order 09/13/1989 (1989 WL 234029) (D. Md.)
PC-MD-0010-0005 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum and Order 07/16/1996 (932 F.Supp. 122) (D. Md.)
PC-MD-0010-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Butzner, John Decker Jr. (E.D. Va., Fourth Circuit)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Hall, Kenneth Keller (S.D. W. Va., Fourth Circuit)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Haynsworth, Clement Furman Jr. (Fourth Circuit)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Kaufman, Frank Albert (D. Md.)
PC-MD-0010-0001 | PC-MD-0010-0002 | PC-MD-0010-0003 | PC-MD-0010-0005
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brown, C. Christopher (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0002
Fishman, Richard G. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Millemann, Michael A. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Morgan, Charles F. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0003 | PC-MD-0010-0004
North, Richard L. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Burch, Francis B. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0003 | PC-MD-0010-0004
Caplis, Stephen B. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0001
Frankel, Henry J. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0003 | PC-MD-0010-0004
Howard, John Burnside Jr. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0002
Nathan, Stuart M. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0002
Sachs, Stephen H. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0001
Sharp, Clarence W. (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0004
Weber, Stephanie Judith Lane (Maryland)
PC-MD-0010-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

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