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Case Name McDonald v. Fair PC-MA-0001
Docket / Court Civil Action No. 80352 ( State Court )
State/Territory Massachusetts
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On January 21, 1986, pregnant inmates at the Massachusetts Correctional Institution in Framingham, Massachusetts filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Massachusetts Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiffs ... read more >
On January 21, 1986, pregnant inmates at the Massachusetts Correctional Institution in Framingham, Massachusetts filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the Massachusetts Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiffs asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages, alleging that their constitutional rights had been violated by poor medical care during their pregnancies. Specifically, they complained about nutritional inadequacies, exposure to infectious disease, lack of treatment for drug addictions, and lack of exercise.

On April 7, 1992, the parties reached a settlement in the case. The U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts (Judge Walter Jay Skinner) approved the settlement on June 24, 1992. Under the agreement, pregnant inmates were to be provided with a physician-approved pregnancy diet, one hour of exercise per day, prenatal counseling and education, maternity clothing, separation from inmates with communicable diseases, and regular medical examinations. In addition, the settlement agreement stated that pregnant inmates would not be put in waist chains during their third trimester of pregnancy.

We have only the complaint and settlement agreement, thus we have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 05/10/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
General
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Personal injury
Recreation / Exercise
Restraints : physical
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Massachusetts Correctional Institution
Massachusetts Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Pregnant inmates at the Massachusetts Correctional Institution in Framingham, Massachusetts
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1992 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Catch the Hope Program at Massachusetts Correctional Institution-Framingham: A Model for Providing Critical Services to Incarcerated Pregnant Women
By: Cathy Romeo
Citation: 24 New England J. on Crim. & Civ. Confinement 417 (1998)
[ Detail ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

  McDonald v. Fair and Catch the Hope: Understanding the Relationship Between Institutional Reform Litigation and Community Activism
By: Jill L. Feldman (Harvard)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Complaint 12/20/1985
PC-MA-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Agreement 04/07/1992
PC-MA-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barkow, Barry (Massachusetts)
PC-MA-0001-0002
Braudy, Anne (Massachusetts)
PC-MA-0001-0001 | PC-MA-0001-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Kaczynski, Michelle (Massachusetts)
PC-MA-0001-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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