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Case Name Washington v. Reno PC-KY-0002
Docket / Court 93-217 ( E.D. Ky. )
State/Territory Kentucky
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On June 2, 1993, federal prison inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, challenging the Federal Bureau of Prisons' replacement of the collect call system with a direct dial system. Almost immediately thereafter, the case was ... read more >
On June 2, 1993, federal prison inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, challenging the Federal Bureau of Prisons' replacement of the collect call system with a direct dial system. Almost immediately thereafter, the case was consolidated with a similar claim, Robinson v. Hambrick, filed on July 9, 1993. The District Court (Judge Henry R. Wilhoit, Jr.) issued a preliminary injunction on October 13, 1993, blocking the installation of the new system nationwide. On November 18, 1993 the court certified a plaintiff class of "all federally incarcerated inmates serving their period of incarceration in a federal penal or medical institution."

The United States appealed the preliminary injunction. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (Judge Martha Daughtrey) modified in part, dissolved in part, and remanded, holding that the new call system did not violate the inmates' First Amendment rights. Washington v. Reno, 35 F.3d 1093 (6th Cir. 1994). The court agreed, however, with more minor aspects of the ruling, holding that the District Court did not abuse its discretion in issuing a preliminary injunction against prison officials from using a prison commissary fund to fund the system's replacement. Additionally, the 6th Circuit held that a nationwide injunction was not overly broad.

In August 1995, the parties entered into a settlement agreement that included a stipulation of dismissal. This was approved and entered by the court on November 3, 1995. The agreement provided among other things, for the procurement of a new telephone system at all federal prisons that would allow all inmates access to collect calling. The agreement detailed various procedures related to inmate phone access and use, but made clear that the federal bureau of prisons retained discretion to set phone use policy. The agreement also covered procedures for rates, inmate disputes, telephone lists, payments and credits, and other such details. It also provided for ongoing regulation of the Bureau of Prisons' phone service. The docket's last entry is a destruction of exhibits on January 31, 2003.

David Terry - 03/27/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
General
Phone
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Federal Bureau of Prisons
Plaintiff Description all federally incarcerated inmates serving their period of incarceration in a federal penal or medical institution
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1993 - 2003
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
93-CV-00217-HRW (E.D. Ky.) 07/29/1993
PC-KY-0002-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
93-290 (E.D. Ky.) 01/31/2003
PC-KY-0002-9001 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Reported Opinion 11/03/1994 (35 F.3d 1093)
PC-KY-0002-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Joint Motion for Approval of the Proposed Settlement Agreement 08/02/1995 (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0006 PDF | Detail
Memorandum 08/04/1995 (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Proposed Settlement and Fairness Hearing 08/04/1995
PC-KY-0002-0003 PDF | Detail
Order Providing Notice to the Class of the Proposed Settlement Agreement 08/10/1995 (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0007 PDF | Detail
Memorandum Order 10/11/1995 (1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 22245) (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0009 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Settlement Agreement 11/03/1995
PC-KY-0002-0004 PDF | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order 01/04/1996 (1996 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 22622) (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0010 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order 02/11/1997 (1997 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 23892) (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0011 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Memorandum Opinion and Order 07/22/1998 (1998 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 23123) (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0012 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Criminal Calls: A Review of the Bureau of Prisons' Management of Inmate Telephone Privileges, Appendix I (History of Washington v. Reno) 08/01/1999
PC-KY-0002-0005 PDF | Detail
Memorandum Order 11/09/1999 (1999 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 22485) (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0013 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Judges Batchelder, Alice Moore (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit)
PC-KY-0002-0008
Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Sixth Circuit)
PC-KY-0002-0008
Patterson, Peggy E. (E.D. Ky.) [Magistrate]
PC-KY-0002-9001
Suhrheinrich, Richard Fred (Sixth Circuit, E.D. Mich.)
PC-KY-0002-0008
Wilhoit, Henry Rupert Jr. (E.D. Ky.)
PC-KY-0002-0003 | PC-KY-0002-0007 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9000 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Humphreys, Gene L. (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0008
McSwain, Douglas L. (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0002-0002 | PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0008 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9000 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Sturgill, Ann D. (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0008
Defendant's Lawyers Azar, Henry A. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Bunning, David L. (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0002-0008 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9000 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Clair, Jeffrey (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0008 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Daly, John F. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0008
Garvey, Vincent M. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Gomez, Raphael O. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0008 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Herwig, Barbara L. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0008
Moriarty, Kathleen E. (District of Columbia)
PC-KY-0002-0004 | PC-KY-0002-0006 | PC-KY-0002-0009 | PC-KY-0002-0010 | PC-KY-0002-0011 | PC-KY-0002-0012 | PC-KY-0002-0013 | PC-KY-0002-9001
Other Lawyers None on record

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