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Case Name Hendrix v. Farley PC-IN-0007
Docket / Court S 76-187 ( N.D. Ind. )
State/Territory Indiana
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
Plaintiffs brought this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana, claiming unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Indiana state prison at Michigan Cit (ISP). Plaintiffs specifically challenged the adequacy of ... read more >
Plaintiffs brought this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana, claiming unconstitutional conditions of confinement at the Indiana state prison at Michigan Cit (ISP). Plaintiffs specifically challenged the adequacy of medical care, physical plant conditions, violence and security, the amount of time prisoners must spend locked down in cells and the totality of the prison conditions. The case consisted of three consolidated actions (cause numbers S 76-187, S 77-35 and S 79-32), wherein the plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief on behalf of all inmates at ISP and individual damages.

The District Court (Judge Sharp) certified the matter as a class action. Following a bench trial, Judge Sharp issued a lengthy Memorandum Opinion, Findings of Fact, Conclusions Of Law, and Order on October 21, 1981, wherein he details the testimony an evidence presented at trial. The Court found unconstitutional overcrowding, which subjected inmates in inadequately sized cells to inadequate recreation time out of cells. The Court, however, did not find that the totality of the conditions at the prison or the general level of health care provided to inmates violated the Eighth Amendment. Several individual plaintiffs were awarded money damages, in amounts of $500 and $1000 dollars. Hendrix v. Faulkner, 525 F.Supp. 435 (1981). The inmates appealed. Prison official cross-appealed the damage award.

On August 9, 1983, the U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit (Circuit Judge Cudahy) affirmed in part, and vacated and remanded in part the District Court's order. The Appeals Court found that (1) medical care at prison was constitutionally inadequate; and (2) prison was unconstitutionally overcrowded. It vacated the monetary damage award and remanded the case for consideration of whether the plaintiffs established at trial the requisite personal liability of defendants. The District Court's denial of damages to plaintiffs who did not establish the personal liability of defendants was affirmed. Wellman v. Falkner, 715 F.2d 269 (1983).

The Inmates' Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit was denied. Hendrix v. Faulkner, 104 S.Ct. 3587 (1984).

We have no further information on this case.

Dan Dalton - 03/01/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Recreation / Exercise
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Indiana State Prison
Plaintiff Description Inmates confined at Indiana State Prison at Michigan City.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1981 - 1983
Case Closing Year 1983
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
76-187 (N.D. Ind.) 03/10/2005
PC-IN-0007-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion, Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, and Order 10/21/1981 (525 F.Supp. 435) (N.D. Ind.)
PC-IN-0007-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinon 08/09/1983 (715 F.2d 269)
PC-IN-0007-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Table 09/28/1983 (720 F.2d 682)
PC-IN-0007-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Table 06/20/1984 (738 F.2d 442)
PC-IN-0007-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Decision on Writ of Certiorari 07/05/1984 (468 U.S. 1217)
PC-IN-0007-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Ruling on Petition for Writ of Certiorari 01/07/1985 (469 U.S. 1113)
PC-IN-0007-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PC-IN-0007-0002
Cudahy, Richard Dickson (Seventh Circuit)
PC-IN-0007-0002
Sharp, Allen (N.D. Ind.)
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-9000
Weick, Paul Charles (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit)
PC-IN-0007-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Balaban, Eric G. (District of Columbia)
PC-IN-0007-9000
Brown, Patricia (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Falk, Kenneth J. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-9000
Kashani, Hamid R. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-9000
Marsh, William E. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-0002
Milsap, Michael (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Shatz, Marsha (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Volk, Edward L. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Arthur, David A. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001 | PC-IN-0007-0002 | PC-IN-0007-9000
Kamplain, Bruce L. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Pearson, Linley E. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Volk, Martha Schatz (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0002
Weliever, Sabra A. (Indiana)
PC-IN-0007-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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