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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Bolden v. Zernicke PC-IL-0011
Docket / Court 94-6203 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On November 16, 1994, inmates at the Stateville Correctional Center in Joliet, Illinois, filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Illinois Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs asked the court for declaratory ... read more >
On November 16, 1994, inmates at the Stateville Correctional Center in Joliet, Illinois, filed a pro se lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Illinois Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that their constitutional rights had been violated by inadequacies at the prison in the areas of plumbing, ventilation, unclean cells, and inappropriate bedding, inadequate medical care, and racial slurs from correctional officers.

On July 3, 1995, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois (Judge Ann Claire Williams) granted the defendants' request to dismiss the case. Bolden v. Zernicke, No.94-C-6203, 1995 WL 398824 (N.D.Ill. July 3, 1995).

On May 20, 1997, the district court (Judge Williams) granted the plaintiffs leave to file an amended complaint and reopen the case. On May 30, 1997, the plaintiffs filed their amended complaint. On August 30, 1999, the court partially granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment, holding that the plaintiffs had not proven a constitutional violation in on their claims regarding conditions of confinement. The court declined to grant summary judgment to the defendants on the claim of inadequate medical care. Bolden v. Zernicke, No. 94-C-6203, 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14269 (N.D.Ill. Aug. 30, 1999).

The case went to trial in April, 2000, the jury returning a verdict for the defendant.

Kristen Sagar - 07/02/2007
Kevin Nomura - 03/02/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Bathing and hygiene
Sanitation / living conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Stateville Correctional Center
Plaintiff Description Inmates in the custody of the Illinois Department of Corrections alleging conduct of prison officials constitutes cruel and unusual punishment
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
94-6203 (N.D. Ill.) 05/10/2000
PC-IL-0011-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Order 07/03/1995 (1995 WL 398824) (N.D. Ill.)
PC-IL-0011-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Memorandum Opinion and Order 08/30/1999 (1999 WL 731780 / 1999 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 14269) (N.D. Ill.)
PC-IL-0011-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges McKeague, David William (W.D. Mich., Sixth Circuit)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Williams, Ann Claire (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PC-IL-0011-0001 | PC-IL-0011-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Byergo, Anthony B (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Callahan, Eugene G. (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Reuland, Timothy Joseph (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Castillo, Sandra (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Krakowski, Richard John (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Robertson, Phillip J. (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Siegel, Richard John (Illinois)
PC-IL-0011-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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