University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Clay County JC-GA-0010
Docket / Court 97CV151 ( M.D. Ga. )
State/Territory Georgia
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Case Summary
In 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice notified Clay County of its intention to investigate conditions of the county jail. In 1995, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Chairman of the Clay County Commission of its findings and made recommendations regarding construction of a new ... read more >
In 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice notified Clay County of its intention to investigate conditions of the county jail. In 1995, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Chairman of the Clay County Commission of its findings and made recommendations regarding construction of a new jail; staffing and supervision; exercise; access to religious services, courts, and reading material; medical and mental healthcare; suicide prevention; general sanitation; fire safety; plumbing; bedding supplies; food services; and plumbing. Apparently after negotiation, the Attorney General filed an action under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. section 1997 et seq., against the jail. Six days later, the District Court for the Middle District of Georgia (Judge Hugh Lawson) issued a consent decree. The consent decree laid out steps the county must take to improve issues discussed in the DOJ's letter of findings and recommendations. According to the docket from PACER, the court adopted the consent decree as judgment in 1997 and dismissed the case in 2000.

Lauren Cutson - 05/21/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Counseling
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Clay County Jail
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1997 - 2000
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Written: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:97-cv-00151-HL (M.D. Ga.) 07/10/2000
JC-GA-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Findings Letter re: Investigation of Clay County Jail 06/01/1995
JC-GA-0010-0001.pdf | Detail
Certificate of the Attorney General 08/15/1997
JC-GA-0010-0002.pdf | Detail
Consent Decree 08/19/1997 (M.D. Ga.)
JC-GA-0010-0004.pdf | Detail
Complaint 08/20/1997
JC-GA-0010-0003.pdf | Detail
Order 08/26/1997 (M.D. Ga.)
JC-GA-0010-0005.pdf | Detail
Judges Elliott, James Robert (M.D. Ga.)
JC-GA-0010-0005
Lawson, Hugh (M.D. Ga.)
JC-GA-0010-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Aderhold, Hugh Randolph Jr. (Georgia)
JC-GA-0010-0003 | JC-GA-0010-0004 | JC-GA-0010-9000
Brown Cutlar, Shanetta Y. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0003 | JC-GA-0010-0004
Cheng, Christopher N. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0004
Nelson, Mellie H. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0003 | JC-GA-0010-0004
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0001
Pinzler, Isabelle Katz (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0003 | JC-GA-0010-0004
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0002 | JC-GA-0010-0003
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0003 | JC-GA-0010-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Mills, William Harry (Georgia)
JC-GA-0010-9000
Other Lawyers Deutsch, David (District of Columbia)
JC-GA-0010-0004

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