University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Crooks v. Nix PC-IA-0007
Docket / Court Docket No. Not Available ( S.D. Iowa )
State/Territory Iowa
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On May 6, 1985, an individual inmate suffering from leukemia filed a pro se Section 1983 complaint against the Warden of the Iowa State Penitentiary, the Director of the Iowa Department of Corrections, and The Iowa City Medical Center in the United States District Court for the Southern District of ... read more >
On May 6, 1985, an individual inmate suffering from leukemia filed a pro se Section 1983 complaint against the Warden of the Iowa State Penitentiary, the Director of the Iowa Department of Corrections, and The Iowa City Medical Center in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa. Plaintiff alleged that defendants demonstrated deliberate indifference to his medical needs when they denied him a bone marrow transplant and failed to give him adequate pain medication.

The District Court (Judge Charles R. Wolle) granted defendants' motion for summary judgment, and plaintiff subsequently appealed.

On April 10, 1989, the Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (Judges Donald P. Lay, Theodore McMillian, and Roger L. Wollman) affirmed in part and reversed in part. Crooks v. Nix, 872 F.2d 800 (8th Cir. 1989). Writing for the court, Judge Lay affirmed the District Court's dismissal of plaintiff's claim of deliberate indifference based on his need for a bone marrow transplant. The court reversed and remanded plaintiff's claim based on inadequate pain medication, holding that material questions of fact precluded entry of summary judgment for defendants.

The docket for this case is unavailable on PACER so we have no information about subsequent proceedings or any other issue.

Chris Sullivan - 08/02/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Iowa State Penitentiary
Plaintiff Description Inmate suffering from granulocytic leukemia alleging improper denial of pain medication and necessary treatment
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1985 - 1989
Case Closing Year 1989
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion 04/10/1989 (872 F.2d 800)
PC-IA-0007-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Lay, Donald Pomery (Eighth Circuit)
PC-IA-0007-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Nelson, Steven L. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0007-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Berregaard, Suzie A. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0007-0002
Other Lawyers None on record

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