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Case Name Parrott v. Ray PC-IA-0004
Docket / Court 78-174-2 ( S.D. Iowa )
State/Territory Iowa
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On June 9, 1978, a class action lawsuit was filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the State of Iowa in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa. The plaintiffs were represented by the University of Iowa Legal Clinic, and the U.S. Attorney's Office were intervenors in ... read more >
On June 9, 1978, a class action lawsuit was filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the State of Iowa in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa. The plaintiffs were represented by the University of Iowa Legal Clinic, and the U.S. Attorney's Office were intervenors in the case. We have no information on the decree that was originally entered in the case.

On July 7, 1993, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa (Judge Harold Vietor) denied the plaintiffs' motion to hold the defendant in contempt of the decree for not obeying the court's order. On July 19, 1993, the plaintiffs appealed this denial, and on November 11, 1993, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit dismissed the appeal for failure to prosecute.

On January 16, 1995, the parties reached a settlement agreement, and on August 11, 1995, the plaintiffs asked the court to hold the defendant in contempt of the agreement. On April 3, 1996, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa (Judge Vietor) held the defendant in contempt.

On May 20, 1996, the defendant asked the court for termination of relief under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). On August 16, 1996, the court granted the United States Attorney's motion to intervene in the case, allowing the USA to enter a memorandum of law regarding the constitutionality of the PLRA. On March 3, 1998, the court granted the defendant's request for termination of relief under the PLRA. We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 03/23/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Iowa
Plaintiff Description undefined
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1998
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
78-CV-70174 (S.D. Iowa) 08/04/2003
PC-IA-0004-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order 11/10/1997 (S.D. Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-0002 PDF | Detail
Judges Vietor, Harold Duane (S.D. Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-0002 | PC-IA-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Allen, John Scott (Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-9000
Schwartz, Barbara A. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-9000
Whiston, John B. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Lindebak, Layne M. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-9000
Other Lawyers Hagen, Christopher D. (Iowa)
PC-IA-0004-9000
Littlefield, Patricia Gail (District of Columbia)
PC-IA-0004-9000

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