University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name EEOC v. VALLEY MEDICAL ARTS CLINIC, P.A. EE-TX-0396
Docket / Court C-99-147 ( S.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection EEOC Study -- in sample
IWPR/Wage Project Consent Decree Study
Attorney Organization EEOC
Case Summary
The San Antonio office of the EEOC brought this action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, against Valley Medical Arts Clinic, P.A. The complaint, filed in April 1999, alleged sex and pregnancy discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; ... read more >
The San Antonio office of the EEOC brought this action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, against Valley Medical Arts Clinic, P.A. The complaint, filed in April 1999, alleged sex and pregnancy discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; specifically that Defendant subjected the charging party to discipline and termination of employment based on her gender, female, and her pregnancy. Defendant moved for summary judgment in December 1999 but the motion was stricken one week later.

In January 2000 the parties entered into a consent decree which required Defendant to pay the charging party $7,000 and provide her with a neutral employment reference. Defendant was enjoined from discrimination or retaliating in violation Title VII and required to post a notice of non-discrimination at its facility and provide Title VII training to its employees. The duration of the consent decree was two years.

Shankar Viswanathan - 07/28/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Neutral/Positive Reference
Post/Distribute Notice of Rights / EE Law
Provide antidiscrimination training
Retaliation Prohibition
Discrimination-area
Discharge / Constructive Discharge / Layoff
Discipline
Discrimination-basis
Pregnancy discrimination
Sex discrimination
EEOC-centric
Direct Suit on Merits
General
Disparate Treatment
Plaintiff Type
EEOC Plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e
Defendant(s) Valley Medical Arts Clinic, PA
Plaintiff Description Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, on behalf of one or more workers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations EEOC
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2000 - 2002
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Megacases, Diversity, and the Elusive Goal of Workplace Reform
Written: Mar. 01, 2008
By: Nancy Levit (University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law)
Citation: 49 B.C. L. Rev. 367 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach
By: Susan Sturm (Columbia Law School)
Citation: 101 Colum. L. Rev. 458 (2001)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:99-cv-00147 (S.D. Tex.) 01/19/2000
EE-TX-0396-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 04/23/1999
EE-TX-0396-0001.pdf | Detail
Amended Complaint 05/05/1999
EE-TX-0396-0002.pdf | Detail
Consent Decree 01/19/2000
EE-TX-0396-0003.pdf | Detail
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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