University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Edwards v. Sard PC-DC-0015
Docket / Court 1983-63 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
This was a civil rights case brought under 42 USC Sec. 1983 in the early 1960s by two African American inmates at Lorton Reformatory, a correctional institution operated by the District of Columbia, charging that they had been discriminated against in housing assignments. The inmates had been ... read more >
This was a civil rights case brought under 42 USC Sec. 1983 in the early 1960s by two African American inmates at Lorton Reformatory, a correctional institution operated by the District of Columbia, charging that they had been discriminated against in housing assignments. The inmates had been assigned to dormitories housing only African American inmates. Their requests for transfer to other housing had been denied. Some dormitories were integrated, while others were segregated. The court addressed the question of whether racially-based housing assignments in prisons are illegal race discrimination. Noting that the law allowed for delay in total integration for compelling circumstances, the District Court (Judge Luther Wallace Youngdahl) concluded that proof of a racial imbalance in the dormitories was not sufficient to justify relief for the inmates where the court found that full integration would jeopardize the safety of the prison due to racial friction, particularly between black Muslims and white inmates, including white supremacist groups. Edwards v. Sard, 250 F.Supp. 977 (1966). We have no further information about this case. Westlaw had no direct history of the case. A PACER search similarly found no information on the case.

Denise Lieberman - 10/17/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Lorton Reformatory
Plaintiff Description Black inmates of correctional institution claiming they had been discriminated against in dormitory assignments
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 02/25/1966 (250 F.Supp. 977) (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0015-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Youngdahl, Luther Wallace (D.D.C.)
PC-DC-0015-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cooper, George (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0015-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Cashman, James (District of Columbia)
PC-DC-0015-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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