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Case Name Rhinehard v. Rowland PC-CA-0022
Docket / Court 90-2335 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On August 15, 1990, an inmate at the Pelican Bay State Prison in Crescent City, California, filed a pro se lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the California Department of Corrections under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiff asked the court for ... read more >
On August 15, 1990, an inmate at the Pelican Bay State Prison in Crescent City, California, filed a pro se lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the California Department of Corrections under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiff asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages, alleging that the defendants had violated his constitutional rights by placing him in solitary confinement indefinitely on charges that he was a member of a prison gang. He alleged that this violated his right to due process because he was not allowed to challenge the basis for his segregation and because solitary confinement made him ineligible for parole. He also alleged that his solitary confinement (over nine years) was cruel and unusual, causing him mental problems as well as denying him necessary exercise and contact visitation with his family.

On December 12, 1990, the District Court (Judge Marilyn Hall Patel) issued an order giving the plaintiff 45 days to amend his complaint, but the plaintiff failed to do so. On November 17, 1992, the Court dismissed the plaintiff's challenge to the length of his sentence due to failure to exhaust state judicial remedies. The court also dismissed as frivolous the plaintiff's Eighth Amendment Claim and gave the plaintiff 45 days to amend his complaint for damages. Rhinehard v. Rowland, Nos. 90-2335, 92-0240, 1992 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20459 (N.D.Cal. Nov. 17, 1992).

On July 5, 1994, the District Court (Judge Barbara A. Caulfield) granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment as to the plaintiff's claim regarding the denial of exercise but denied the defendants' motion for summary judgment as to the plaintiff's due process claim regarding administrative segregation. Rhinehart v. Gomez, Nos. 90-2335, 92-0240, 1994 WL 377962 (N.D.Cal. July 5, 1994).

On October 17, 1995, the District Court (Judge Vaughn R. Walker) dismissed the case as moot due to the defendants' recent imposition of a 48-month disciplinary term in the solitary housing as punishment for the plaintiff's assault on a prison guard. Rhinehart v. Gomez, No. 90-2335, 1995 WL 630011 (N.D.Cal. Oct. 17, 1995). The plaintiff appealed, and on February 26, 1996, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit dismissed the appeal.

We have no further information on this case.

Kristen Sagar - 09/08/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Defendant-type
Corrections
General
Administrative segregation
Classification / placement
Disciplinary segregation
Recreation / Exercise
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Pelican Bay State Prison
Plaintiff Description California state prisonerstating claims for denial of exercise in violation of his Eighth Amendment rights, and for denial of due process by his retention in administrative segregation
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1996
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
90-2335 (N.D. Cal.) 07/05/1994
PC-CA-0022-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
90-2335 (N.D. Cal.) 04/03/1996
PC-CA-0022-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order 11/17/1992 (1992 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 20459) (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0004.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order Granting Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment 07/05/1994 (1994 WL 377962 / 1994 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 9218) (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 10/17/1995 (1995 WL 6300011 / 1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 15562) (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Caulfield, Barbara A. (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0002 | PC-CA-0022-9001
Patel, Marilyn Hall (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0004
Walker, Vaughn R. (N.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0022-0003 | PC-CA-0022-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers Bolandgray, Azar A. (California)
PC-CA-0022-9000
Gifford, Paul D. (California)
PC-CA-0022-9000
Slavin, Bruce Michael (California)
PC-CA-0022-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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