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Case Name Shumate v. Wilson PC-CA-0011
Docket / Court 95-619 ( E.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
On April 4, 1995, women inmates filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California against the governor of California and California prison officials regarding the medical care provided to women prisoners by the California ... read more >
On April 4, 1995, women inmates filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California against the governor of California and California prison officials regarding the medical care provided to women prisoners by the California Department of Corrections (DOC) at the Central California Women's Facility (CCWF) in Chowchilla, CA and the California Institution for Women (CIW) in Frontera, CA. On January 12, 1996, the court certified a plaintiff class defined as all persons who suffer from, or are at risk of developing, serious illness or injury, excluding mental disorders, who were or in the future would be confined at CCWF and CIW. The court also certified a subclass defined as those inmates at those facilities who are diagnosed as HIV-positive. Plaintiffs were represented by the American Civil Liberties Union's National Prison Project, Legal Services for Prisoners with Children, California Rural Legal Assistance, and private attorneys.

The parties drafted a settlement agreement in August of 1997 and the court (Chief Judge William B. Shubb) approved the settlement and dismissed the case on December 22, 1997. The settlement included provisions regarding the screening of inmates for contagious diseases, privacy of medical information, the institution of a system whereby inmates could confidentially request medical services, the maintenance of emergency medical equipment, and licensing requirements. The Defendants agreed to implement chronic disease guidelines and a new medical records format. The settlement also included provisions for maintaining the confidentiality of inmates who are HIV positive. The parties agreed to appoint an assessor and survey team to determine how well the defendants were complying with the agreements.

On December 29, 1999, defendants requested unconditional dismissal on the ground that they had complied with the terms of the settlement agreement. In an order dated February 3, 2000, the court (Judge Shubb) found that defendants were not in substantial compliance with the settlement so were precluded from moving for unconditional dismissal. Judge Shubb gave the plaintiffs until July 31, 2000 to petition to restore the case to the trial docket or the court would vacate the settlement and set the matter for trial on the merits. Judge Shubb denied plaintiff's request for more time and motion to reopen discovery on August 8, 2000. The court vacated and set aside the settlement agreement and set the matter for trial. Media reports indicate that there was no trial. On August 22, 2000, the court (Judge Shubb) dismissed the case wtih prejudice based on a stipulation of dismissal that had been agreed to by both parties.

Angela Heverling - 04/05/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Medical/Mental Health
HIV/AIDS
Medical care, general
Medical care, unspecified
Medication, administration of
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description women prisoners at Central California Women's Facility and California Institution for Women
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1997 - 2000
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Beyond Parity and Equal Protection: Women Prisoner's Right Litigation in the 1990s
By: Julie Cho (Harvard)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
By: Margo Schlanger (University of Michigan)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Death Behind Bars
Written: Feb. 05, 1997
By: Nina Sigal
Citation: S.F. Bay Guardian, Feb. 5, 1997
[ Detail ]

  Death Through Administrative Indifference: The Prison Litigation Reform Act Allows Women to Die in California's Substandard Prison Health Care System
By: Amy Petré Hill (Hastings College of the Law)
Citation: 13 Hastings Women's L.J. 223 (2002)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
95-619 (E.D. Cal.) 07/24/2005
PC-CA-0011-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint - Class Action 04/04/1995
PC-CA-0011-0001 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ACLU National Prison Project
Amended Complaint - Class Action 05/25/1995
PC-CA-0011-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: ACLU National Prison Project
Settlement Agreement 08/11/1997
PC-CA-0011-0004 PDF | Detail
Order 01/07/2000 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0011-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 02/03/2000 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0011-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 08/08/2000 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0011-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of Dismissal 08/22/2000 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0011-0008 PDF | Detail
Judges Shubb, William B. (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0011-0002 | PC-CA-0011-0004 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alexander, Elizabeth R. (District of Columbia)
PC-CA-0011-0001 | PC-CA-0011-0004 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Argueta, Sylvia (California)
PC-CA-0011-0002 | PC-CA-0011-0004
Banks, Christine (California)
PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Barry, Ellen M. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0001 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Brick, Ann (California)
PC-CA-0011-0002 | PC-CA-0011-0004
Campbell, Catherine (California)
PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Daniel, Jack Egan (California)
PC-CA-0011-0002 | PC-CA-0011-0004 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Freiberg, Charles N. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0001 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Hempel, Carrie L. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0002 | PC-CA-0011-0004
Hibbard, Stephen D. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0004 | PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Rice, Dale A. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Appelbaum, John M. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0008 | PC-CA-0011-9000
Castro, Ismael A. (California)
PC-CA-0011-0004 | PC-CA-0011-0009 | PC-CA-0011-0010 | PC-CA-0011-0011 | PC-CA-0011-9000
McKennan, Maureen G (California)
PC-CA-0011-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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