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Case Name Casey v. Lewis PC-AZ-0004
Docket / Court 90-0054 PHXEHC ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
This is a Section 1983 case brought in federal district court for the District of Arizona (Judge Roger Strand) by prisoners. The plaintiffs, represented by the National Prison Project of the ACLU, filed the class action complaint on January 12, 1990. The complaint named as plaintiffs all current ... read more >
This is a Section 1983 case brought in federal district court for the District of Arizona (Judge Roger Strand) by prisoners. The plaintiffs, represented by the National Prison Project of the ACLU, filed the class action complaint on January 12, 1990. The complaint named as plaintiffs all current and future adults, male and female, in the custody of the Arizona Department of Corrections. The defendants were officials of the Arizona Department of Corrections. The primary allegations of the complaint were defendants' deliberate indifference to prisoners' serious medical needs, failure to provide prisoners meaningful access to the courts and counsel, and failure to provide prisoners due process in segregation assignments, in alleged violation of the First, Sixth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Based on these claims, plaintiffs requested equitable relief.

Plaintiffs soon after filed an amended class action complaint that included additional claims regarding defendants' failure to accommodate handicapped prisoners and denial of equal protection of the law to female prisoners. The District Court granted plaintiffs' motion for class certification on June 27, 1990.

According to the docket, the matter was consolidated with Arnold v. Lewis, Civil Action No. 91-CV-1808, MH-AZ-001, on September 3, 1992.

On September 6, 1991, the District Court held: blanket prohibition of attorney contact visits in certain prison units was invalid, and a policy prohibiting assignment of HIV positive prisoners to food service employment violated the Rehabilitation Act. Casey v. Lewis, 773 F. Supp. 1365 (D. Ariz. 1991). Defendants appealed this decision. The Ninth Circuit vacated in part and reversed in part, holding that the prohibition against certain inmates having visitation with attorneys was reasonably related to legitimate penological interests and that the HIV positive inmates lacked standing to challenge the food service policy. Casey v. Lewis, 4 F.3d 1516 (9th Cir. 1993).

In a separate decision, the District Court held that the law library facilities and inmate access violated the prisoners' right of access to courts. Casey v. Lewis, 834 F. Supp. 1553 (D. Ariz. 1992). Defendants appealed. The Ninth Circuit affirmed in part, vacated in part holding that defendants legal access program unconstitutionally denied inmates access to courts. Casey v. Lewis, 43 F.3d 1261 (9th Cir. 1994). Certiorari was granted and the Supreme Court reversed and remanded. Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343 (1996). Speaking for the Court, Justice Scalia held that the inmates couldn't establish an actual injury based on an allegation that the law library was sub par in a theoretical sense. Justice Scalia also held that delays of up to 16 days for inmates to receive legal materials did not violate their constitutional right of access to the courts, provided that the delays were reasonably related to legitimate penological interests. The Court vacated the part of the district court's order regarding law libraries. The rest of the order remained in force.

While the appellate and Supreme Court litigation unfolded, in a series of decisions from 1991 to 1993, the District Court held: the treatment available to mentally ill inmates violated the Eighth Amendment; unequal treatment of male and female inmates violated the equal protection rights of female inmates; and the failure to provide handicap access to disabled inmates violated the Eighth Amendment rights of inmates. Casey v. Lewis, 834 F. Supp. 1477 (D. Ariz. 1993); 834 F. Supp. 1569 (D. Ariz. 1993). However, the District Court also held that inmate classification and administrative segregation policies did not create liberty interests for inmates in a particular classification. Casey v. Lewis, 837 F. Supp. 1009 (D. Ariz. 1993).

In February 1999 Magistrate Judge Virginia Mathis recommended the court find defendants to be in ""substantial compliance"" with the injunction regarding mental health and also requested that a special master be appointed for a 9-month period of observation to ensure that defendants are still found to be in substantial compliance. All parties filed a stipulation for entry of order adopting Judge Mathis' report and recommendation. Judge Strand granted the stipulation. In May 2000, all parties filed a stipulation for dismissal regarding termination of injunctive relief and dismissal of the matter. On May 22, 2000, Judge Strand granted the stipulation and dismissed the action.

Eoghan Keenan - 04/17/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
Sex discrimination
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Administrative segregation
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Education
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Library (non-law) access
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Arizona State Prison
Plaintiff Description prisoners of the Arizona Department of Corrections
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1991 - 2000
Case Closing Year 2000
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing MH-AZ-0001 : Arnold v. Lewis (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0014 : Wilkinson v. MacDougall (D. Ariz.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

  Sunbelt Justice: Arizona and the Transformation of American Punishment
By: Mona Lynch (UC Irvine)
Citation: (2010)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links The Oyez Project, Lewis v Casey, 518 U.S. 343 (1996)
www.oyez.org
Posted: Jun. 24, 1996
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
90-0054 PHX EHC (D. Ariz.) 05/22/2000
PC-AZ-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint 01/12/1990
PC-AZ-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Amended Class Action Complaint 01/12/1990
PC-AZ-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Amended Memorandum and Order 09/06/1991 (773 F.Supp. 1365) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 09/03/1992 (803 F.Supp. 246) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law: Access to the Courts 11/13/1992 (834 F.Supp. 1553) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law: Medical, Dental and Mental Health Care 03/19/1993 (834 F.Supp. 1477) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 04/05/1993 (834 F.Supp. 1569) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 04/30/1993 (837 F.Supp. 1009) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinon 09/23/1993 (4 F.3d 1516)
PC-AZ-0004-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Permanent Injunction: Access to the Courts Issues 10/08/1993 (43 F.3d 1261) (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Parties' Stipulated Joint Proposal for Injuctive Relief for Mental Health 06/03/1994
PC-AZ-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Modify Referral orders Regarding Special Masters 05/29/1996
PC-AZ-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Reported Opinion 06/24/1996 (518 U.S. 343)
PC-AZ-0004-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Reported Opinon 08/14/1996 (91 F.3d 1365)
PC-AZ-0004-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Farris, Joseph Jerome (Ninth Circuit)
PC-AZ-0004-0017
Lay, Donald Pomery (Eighth Circuit)
PC-AZ-0004-0016
Muecke, Charles Andrew (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0009 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0018
O'Scannlain, Diarmuid Fionntain (Ninth Circuit)
PC-AZ-0004-0016
Pregerson, Dean D. (C.D. Cal.)
PC-AZ-0004-0016
Scalia, Antonin (SCOTUS, D.C. Circuit)
PC-AZ-0004-0019
Strand, Roger Gordon (D. Ariz.)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, Stuart H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-0001 | PC-AZ-0004-0002 | PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0007 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Aiyetoro, Adjoa A. (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-0001 | PC-AZ-0004-0002 | PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Alexander, Elizabeth R. (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-0007 | PC-AZ-0004-0017
Bendheim, Alice L. (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0001 | PC-AZ-0004-0002 | PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0007 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Cohen, Leslie J. (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0007 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Fathi, David Cyrus (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Fox, Tannis L. (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0018
Defendant's Lawyers Cooper, Charles Justin (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Dennis, Thomas John (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Hochuli, Edward G. (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Kirk, Michael W. (District of Columbia)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Lewis, David C. (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0017
Morrow, James Russel (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Overholser, Sonia (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0018
Shely, Robert W (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Struck, Daniel Patrick (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017
Teply, R. Elizabeth (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Wake, Neil Vincent (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Warzynski, Michael (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-9000
Weineke, Kathleen L. (Arizona)
PC-AZ-0004-0005 | PC-AZ-0004-0010 | PC-AZ-0004-0012 | PC-AZ-0004-0013 | PC-AZ-0004-0014 | PC-AZ-0004-0015 | PC-AZ-0004-0017 | PC-AZ-0004-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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