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Case Name Hadix v. Caruso PC-MI-0019
Docket / Court 4:92-cv-00110-RAE ( W.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
NOTE: There are two separate cases, in two separate district courts, with the caption Hadix. The first one, in the Eastern District of Michigan, was filed in 1980, under docket number 2:80-cv-73581-JF. (It is in the Clearinghouse as PC-MI-0003.) This summary and documents are for the Western ... read more >
NOTE: There are two separate cases, in two separate district courts, with the caption Hadix. The first one, in the Eastern District of Michigan, was filed in 1980, under docket number 2:80-cv-73581-JF. (It is in the Clearinghouse as PC-MI-0003.) This summary and documents are for the Western District of Michigan case, 4:92-CV-110, which was initiated in 1992 when the Eastern District Judge, John Feikens, split the earlier Hadix case in two, and sent part of it (the part relating to medical and mental health care) to the Western District.

The first case case started on September 18, 1980, when inmates at the State Prison of Southern Michigan filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Michigan Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, seeking declaratory, injunctive, and monetary relief for a catalog of unconstitutional conditions at the prison.

On February 13, 1985, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (Judge John Feikens) approved a consent decree in that case, settling the issues of sanitation, safety, medical and mental health care, fire safety, overcrowding, security, food service, management and operations, and mail. For other proceedings in the Eastern District case, see the relevant case summary (PC-MI-3).

On April 21, 1992, the defendants asked the district court to relinquish control and supervision of the mental health provisions of the consent decree; the plaintiffs asked the court to adopt the mental health orders entered in USA v. Michigan (No. 1:84-CV-63) (PC-MI-0007) by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan (Judge Richard A. Enslen). On May 15, 1992, the district court (Judge Feikens) denied both requests. On further consideration, however, on June 5, 1992, the district court relinquished control and supervision of the provisions governing mental health care and medical care, transferring them to Judge Enslen for further proceedings as he deemed appropriate. Hadix v. Johnson, 792 F.Supp. 527 (E.D. Mich. 1992).

At this point, the case was consolidated with Knop v. Johnson (PC-MI-0006), another class action lawsuit against the Michigan DOC. The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals reviewed both cases with regard to the findings regarding access to courts. Knop v. Johnson, 977 F.2d 996 (6th Cir. 1992). The court (Judge David A. Nelson) held that the DOC's duty to provide assistance in gaining access to the courts included assisting with prisoners' challenges to their convictions and conditions of confinement. On March 8, 1993, The United States Supreme Court denied certiorari. Knop v. McGinnis, 507 U.S. 973 (1993). On June 4, 1993, Judge Enslen ordered defendants to submit a plan for providing access to the courts consistent with this opinion. On December 22, 1994, Judge Enslen rejected defendants' plan. Litigation continued regarding discovery and attorneys fees. On October 1, 1996, the district court adopted the defendants' proposals in both of the consolidated cases for legal writer programs that would provide access to the courts.

On July 3, 1996, the Court (Judge Enslen) denied the defendants' request for termination of the consent decree. Hadix v. Johnson, 933 F.Supp. 1362 (W.D.Mich. 1996).

The plaintiffs asked the district court to grant them attorneys fees for their counsels' unpaid work up to this point in the litigation, and the defendants argued that the PLRA's cap on attorneys fees should apply to any fee award that the judge made. On May 23, 1997, the Western District Court (Judge Enslen) awarded the requested fees, holding that the PLRA's fee cap could not apply to litigation filed before the PLRA's effective date. Hadix v. Johnson, 965 F.Supp. 996 (W.D.Mich. 1997). (Back in the Eastern District, Judge Feikens did the same.) The defendants appealed. On April 17, 1998, the Sixth Circuit (Justice Cornelia Groefsema Kennedy) held that the fee cap imposed by the PLRA did not apply to fee petitions, regardless of whether the work was performed before of after the PLRA's enactment date. The court then partially upheld and partially reversed the fee award, remanding the appeals back to the district courts for further consideration. Hadix v. Johnson, 143 F.3d 246 (6th Cir. 1998). The defendants sought and obtained review by the Supreme Court. On June 21, 1999, the U.S. Supreme Court (Justice Sandra Day O'Connor) held that the PLRA limits attorney fees for postjudgment monitoring services performed after the PLRA's effective date, but does not limit fees for monitoring performed before that date. Martin v. Hadix, 527 U.S. 343 (1999).

Sometime in 1994, a class of inmates at five different correctional institutions in Michigan asked the both district courts for injunctive relief against the defendants, alleging that the defendants had violated their constitutional right of access to the courts. The cases were consolidated with the Western District Hadix, and the Western District Court (Judge Enslen) granted injunctive relief to the plaintiffs, ordering the defendants not to cut off funding for prison legal services programs. On April 1, 1999, the Sixth Circuit (Judge Daughtrey) held that the inmates had not shown widespread actual injury necessary for them to have standing to bring the class action lawsuit, and remanded the case back to the Western District Court. Hadix v. Johnson, 173 F.3d 958 (6th Cir. 1999).The defendants asked the Sixth Circuit to rehear the case en banc, and on April 1, 1999, the Sixth Circuit denied that request. Hadix v. Johnson, 182 F.3d 400 (6th Cir. 1999).

On March 18, 1999, the Eastern District transferred several additional components of the original Consent Decree (regarding water temperatures, housing temperatures and ventilation in the Southern Michigan Correctional Facility, and some issues relating to housing in the Egeler Correctional Facility) to the Western District. The Eastern District explained that the rationale for transfer was that health care was implicated in these provisions.

On December 2-3, 1999, the Court (Judge Enslen) conducted hearings on the medical health care provisions of the Consent Decree and other issues transferred by the Eastern District. The court found some remaining constitutional violations, relating to medical and mental health care, and to temperature, ventilation and fire safety conditions at several facilities, but agreed with the defendants to terminate some of the Consent Decree provisions as no longer necessary. On November 15, 2000, the Eastern District transferred to this Court some additional fire safety issues.

On January 8, 2001, the district court granted defendants' request to terminate enforcement of the mental health provisions of the Consent Decree; the termination became effective in early February 2001. (On June 27, 2001, the Eastern District issued its Order of Termination, terminating its jurisdiction over all sections of the Consent Decree remaining in the Eastern District.)

In June 2002, the Western District held yet another hearing, and found continuing constitutional violations with respect to medical care and fire safety. The defendants were required to submit a remedial plan, which in February 2003 the court ordered as an injunction. Defendants appealed. The 6th Circuit Hadix v. Johnson, affirmed in part and reversed in part, 367 F.3d 513 (6th Cir. 2004), remanding the fire safety provisions of the injunction for further factual development. After an additional hearing, and in a very extensive opinion, the District Court (Judge Enslen) again found the existence of constitutional violations with respect to fire safety, and ordered a revised version of the prior remedial plan implemented. 2005 WL 2243091 (W.D. Mich., Sept. 14, 2005).

Although the mental health care provisions of the Consent Decree had been terminated in 2001, plaintiffs moved on September 8, 2006 to reopen the terminated provisions and for a preliminary injunction pertaining to mental health care. The cause for the motion was the death of a restrained Michigan prisoner, T.S., and other fatal cases in which, plaintiffs alleged, inmates' deaths were attributable to delays or malfeasance in the provision of mental health care.

Following an evidentiary hearing, the Court granted a preliminary injunction. Hadix v. Caruso, 461 F. Supp. 2d 574, 2006 WL 3275865 (W.D. Mich. Nov. 13, 2006). The Court lifted the prior termination under Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(6), explaining that jurisdiction has been retained because enforcement of the medical health and fire safety provisions of the consent decree was ongoing. In granting relief, the Court found numerous constitutional violations. It held that the punitive use of in-cell restraints "constitutes torture and violates the Eighth Amendment," and enjoined the practice. It also held that psychiatric and psychological staffing levels were constitutionally inadequate, and ordered defendants to file a staffing plan. The Court also required daily psychologist rounds in the segregation unit and required protocols for medical/mental health staff and interdisciplinary meetings after finding that patients with medical and mental health problems fall into "the black hole between the disciplines."

On December 5, 2006, the defendants appealed the court's decision to grant the injunction. Two days later, the court issued a permanent injunction holding the defendants in contempt for their failure to comply with the consent decree's hiring requirements. The court ordered the defendants to provide additional staffing throughout the Hadix facilities - particularly nursing staff. On April 30, 2007, the Court of Appeals denied the defendants' request to overturn the injunction.

On February 22, 2007, the district court issued a preliminary injunction prohibiting the defendants from transferring prisoners from Hadix facilities other than routine transfers not intended to reduce prison population. On May 14, 2007, the district court granted the defendants' motion to terminate the court's jurisdiction over the 8-Block of the Parnall Correctional Facility.

Ultimately the case went to trial, and on August 8, 2008, the parties made their closing arguments before District Judge Robert J. Jonker. On March 31, 2009, the Court concluded that the Plaintiffs failed to prove that the Defendants failed to comply with the November 2006 preliminary injunction, or that the Defendants failed to comply with the mental health provisions of the Consent Decree. They also noted that it seemed as though the Hadix class had all but disappeared with the closing of multiple correctional facilities. Hadix v. Caruso, 2009 WL 891709 (W.D. Mich. 2009). The Plaintiffs then appealed to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, where the District Court's opinion was affirmed. Hadix v. Caruso, 420 Fed.Appx. 480 (6th Cir. 2011). (In the meantime, on August 14, 2008, the parties filed a stipulated order to terminate Section III of the 1985 Hadix consent decree concerning fire safety.)

On January 17, 2012, the Plaintiffs' motion to add new parties to the Hadix class was granted, enabling them to continue with the litigation. Most recently, on June 22, 2012, the parties agreed to a stipulation of dismissal of the heat abatement portion of the Consent Decree. As of this writing, this case is ongoing.

Joshua Arocho - 07/03/2012


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Bathing and hygiene
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Mail
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Michigan Department of Corrections
State of Michigan
Plaintiff Description Class of prisoners incarcerated within the Michigan Department of Corrections. (This portion of case pertains to violations of medical care and mental health care asserted by class.)
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PC-MI-0003 : Hadix v. Johnson (E.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0006 : Knop v. Johnson (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0007 : U.S. v. Michigan (W.D. Mich.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
4:92-cv-00110-RAE (W.D. Mich.) 06/25/2012
PC-MI-0019-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order of Transfer 06/05/1992 (792 F.Supp. 527) (E.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0030 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Unpublished Opinion 01/23/1995 (46 F.3d 1131)
PC-MI-0019-0041 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 09/18/1995 (65 F.3d 532)
PC-MI-0019-0031 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 09/20/1995 (66 F.3d 325)
PC-MI-0019-0042 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Unpublished Opinion 07/02/1996 (91 F.3d 143)
PC-MI-0019-0046 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 07/03/1996 (933 F.Supp. 1362) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0032 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Brief for the United States as Intervenor 03/20/1997
PC-MI-0019-0001 PDF | Detail
Proof Brief for the United States as Intervenor - Appellee 03/20/1997
PC-MI-0019-0002 PDF | Detail
Opinion 05/23/1997 (965 F.Supp. 996) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0034 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Unpublished Opinion 01/22/1998 (134 F.3d 371)
PC-MI-0019-0043 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 05/20/1998 (144 F.3d 925)
PC-MI-0019-0033 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Unpublished Opinion 11/10/1999 (198 F.3d 245)
PC-MI-0019-0044 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 05/29/2003 (64 Fed.Appx. 531)
PC-MI-0019-0040 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 05/06/2004 (367 F.3d 513)
PC-MI-0019-0035 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Brief in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction 09/14/2004
PC-MI-0019-0015 PDF | Detail
Opinion 02/25/2005 (398 F.3d 863)
PC-MI-0019-0036 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Defendants' Expedited Motion to Dismiss the Court's Attempt to Exercise Jurisdiction over Facilities not Subject to the Consent Decree and/or Issues and Facilities Previously Terminated by the Federal Court 02/28/2005
PC-MI-0019-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation to Terminate Jurisdiction Over Certain Areas Regarding Fire Safety Issues 05/03/2005
PC-MI-0019-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 05/04/2005 (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0006 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 07/05/2005
PC-MI-0019-0003 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 07/05/2005
PC-MI-0019-0019 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Report of the Associate Monitor 09/12/2005
PC-MI-0019-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 09/14/2005 (2005 WL 2243091 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 37053) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0045 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 10/13/2005 (2005 WL 2654287) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0048 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 10/19/2005 (2005 WL 2671289) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0016 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Preliminary Injunction 10/19/2005 (2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 25295 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0018 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Preliminary Injunction 11/23/2005 (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0017 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 12/16/2005 (2005 WL 3454410 / 2005 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 37883) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0062 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Defendants' Health Care Plan Submitted Pursuant to the Court's Preliminary Injunction of October 19, 2005, as Amended by the January 12, 2006 Court Order 01/23/2006
PC-MI-0019-0022 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Alternative Fire Safety Plan 02/07/2006
PC-MI-0019-0004 PDF | Detail
Opinion 05/15/2006 (2006 WL 1361415) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0012 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 06/30/2006 (2006 WL 1851231 / 2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 46818 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0054 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 07/13/2006 (2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 47663) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0064 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Amended Fire Safety Injunction 08/21/2006 (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause 09/07/2006
PC-MI-0019-0020 PDF | Detail
Motion Attachment - Draft Recommendation to the Court 09/08/2006
PC-MI-0019-0009 PDF | Detail
Brief in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Further Relief 09/08/2006
PC-MI-0019-0010 PDF | Detail
Brief in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion to Reopen Judgment Regarding Mental Health Issues and Issue a Preliminary Injunction 09/08/2006
PC-MI-0019-0014 PDF | Detail
Order to Show Cause 09/15/2006 (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0021 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/02/2006 (2006 WL 2830062 / 2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 72008) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0050 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 10/03/2006 (2006 WL 2865506 / 2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 72128) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0051 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 10/06/2006 (2006 WL 2925270 / 2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 72967 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0052 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 10/18/2006 (2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 75765) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0063 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opinion 11/13/2006 (461 F.Supp.2d 574) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0039 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 12/07/2006 (465 F.Supp.2d 776) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0037 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Defendants’ Health Care Plan Regarding Mental Health Activities Submitted Pursuant to the Court’s November 13, 2006 Order and Preliminary Injunction 12/28/2006
PC-MI-0019-0023 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Amending Opinion and Permanent Injunction 01/16/2007 (2007 WL 162279 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 3022 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0061 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 03/06/2007 (2007 WL 710136 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 15605 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0055 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 04/03/2007 (492 F.Supp.2d 743) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0038 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order 05/04/2007 (2007 WL 1341864) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0056 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 05/04/2007 (2007 WL 1341958 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 33040 ) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0057 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 05/14/2007 (2007 WL 1434795) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0058 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 06/05/2007 (2007 WL 1657397) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0047 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Opinion 06/05/2007 (2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 40727) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0065 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opinion 06/11/2007 (2007 WL 1741779 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 42216) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0059 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order 07/06/2007 (2007 WL 2021862 / 2007 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 48955) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0060 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 03/31/2009 (2009 WL 891709) (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0024 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Appeal 04/01/2009
PC-MI-0019-0025 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 03/22/2011 (420 Fed.Appx. 480)
PC-MI-0019-0026 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Mandate 04/13/2011
PC-MI-0019-0027 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 01/17/2012 (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0028 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation to Terminate Prospective Relief Regarding Heat Abatement 06/22/2012
PC-MI-0019-0029 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Carmody, Ellen S. (W.D. Mich.) [Magistrate]
PC-MI-0019-0019
Clay, Eric L. (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0044
Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0040 | PC-MI-0019-0041 | PC-MI-0019-0042 | PC-MI-0019-0043
Enslen, Richard Alan (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0005 | PC-MI-0019-0006 | PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0011 | PC-MI-0019-0012 | PC-MI-0019-0014 | PC-MI-0019-0015 | PC-MI-0019-0016 | PC-MI-0019-0017 | PC-MI-0019-0018 | PC-MI-0019-0019 | PC-MI-0019-0020 | PC-MI-0019-0021 | PC-MI-0019-0022 | PC-MI-0019-0032 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0037 | PC-MI-0019-0038 | PC-MI-0019-0039 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0047 | PC-MI-0019-0048 | PC-MI-0019-0050 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0052 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0055 | PC-MI-0019-0056 | PC-MI-0019-0057 | PC-MI-0019-0058 | PC-MI-0019-0059 | PC-MI-0019-0060 | PC-MI-0019-0061 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Feikens, John (E.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0030
Guy, Ralph B. Jr. (E.D. Mich., FISCR, Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0043 | PC-MI-0019-0044 | PC-MI-0019-0046
Jonker, Robert James (W.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0024 | PC-MI-0019-0028 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Kennedy, Cornelia Groefsema (Sixth Circuit, E.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0040 | PC-MI-0019-0044
Moore, Karen Nelson (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0026 | PC-MI-0019-0033
Nelson, David Aldrich (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0041 | PC-MI-0019-0042 | PC-MI-0019-0043
Norris, Alan Eugene (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0041 | PC-MI-0019-0042
Ryan, James Leo (Sixth Circuit)
PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0046
Suhrheinrich, Richard Fred (Sixth Circuit, E.D. Mich.)
PC-MI-0019-0037 | PC-MI-0019-0046
Monitors/Masters Benton, F. Warren (New York)
PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Cohen, Robert L. MD (New York)
PC-MI-0019-9000
James, J. Franklin (North Carolina)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Aiyetoro, Adjoa A. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034
Alexander, Elizabeth R. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0003 | PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0010 | PC-MI-0019-0014 | PC-MI-0019-0015 | PC-MI-0019-0019 | PC-MI-0019-0020 | PC-MI-0019-0022 | PC-MI-0019-0023 | PC-MI-0019-0025 | PC-MI-0019-0029 | PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0037 | PC-MI-0019-0038 | PC-MI-0019-0039 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0047 | PC-MI-0019-0050 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0052 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0055 | PC-MI-0019-0056 | PC-MI-0019-0057 | PC-MI-0019-0058 | PC-MI-0019-0059 | PC-MI-0019-0060 | PC-MI-0019-0061 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Barnhart, Michael J. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0003 | PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0010 | PC-MI-0019-0014 | PC-MI-0019-0015 | PC-MI-0019-0019 | PC-MI-0019-0020 | PC-MI-0019-0022 | PC-MI-0019-0023 | PC-MI-0019-0030 | PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0032 | PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0037 | PC-MI-0019-0038 | PC-MI-0019-0039 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0050 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0052 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0056 | PC-MI-0019-0057 | PC-MI-0019-0059 | PC-MI-0019-0060 | PC-MI-0019-0061 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Bennett, Larry W. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Bush, Neal (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Chamara, Theresa A. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034
Ennis, Bruce J. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034
Fette, William L. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034
Girard, Sandra (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Korobkin, Daniel S. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0029 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Labelle, Deborah A. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Mirer, Jeanne E. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0052 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0033
Schneider, Mark D. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034
Stark, Lisa J. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0033
Streeter, Patricia A. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0003 | PC-MI-0019-0005 | PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0010 | PC-MI-0019-0014 | PC-MI-0019-0015 | PC-MI-0019-0019 | PC-MI-0019-0020 | PC-MI-0019-0022 | PC-MI-0019-0023 | PC-MI-0019-0029 | PC-MI-0019-0030 | PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0038 | PC-MI-0019-0039 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0047 | PC-MI-0019-0051 | PC-MI-0019-0052 | PC-MI-0019-0054 | PC-MI-0019-0055 | PC-MI-0019-0056 | PC-MI-0019-0057 | PC-MI-0019-0058 | PC-MI-0019-0059 | PC-MI-0019-0060 | PC-MI-0019-0061 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Adams, Richard M.C. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Baugh, Jann Ryan (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0055 | PC-MI-0019-0058 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Chiara, Margaret M. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Cox, Michael A. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0023
Friedman, Leo H. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0023 | PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0050 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Govorchin, A. Peter (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0003 | PC-MI-0019-0005 | PC-MI-0019-0008 | PC-MI-0019-0019 | PC-MI-0019-0022 | PC-MI-0019-0023 | PC-MI-0019-0029 | PC-MI-0019-0035 | PC-MI-0019-0036 | PC-MI-0019-0037 | PC-MI-0019-0039 | PC-MI-0019-0045 | PC-MI-0019-0050 | PC-MI-0019-0062 | PC-MI-0019-0063 | PC-MI-0019-0064 | PC-MI-0019-0065 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Harris, Kim G. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Hughes, Theodore E. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Kelley, Frank J. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034
McAra, Susanne Durk (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
McGehee, Donald S. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Nelson, Thomas C. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0030 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Nickerson, Michael A. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Przekop-Shaw, Susan (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0031 | PC-MI-0019-0032 | PC-MI-0019-0033 | PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Stafford, E. Michael (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Van Cleve, Janet A. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
Ward, Lisa C. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0033
Other Lawyers Dettmer, Michael Hayes (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Flynn, David K. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0001 | PC-MI-0019-0002
Green, Phillip J. (Michigan)
PC-MI-0019-9000
McElderry, Marie K. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0001 | PC-MI-0019-0002 | PC-MI-0019-0033
Payne, Timothy R. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Pinzler, Isabelle Katz (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0001 | PC-MI-0019-0002
Schlanger, Margo (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
PC-MI-0019-0034 | PC-MI-0019-9000

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