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Case Name Lane v. Tennessee DR-TN-0001
Docket / Court 3:98-cv-0731 ( M.D. Tenn. )
State/Territory Tennessee
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Attorney Organization NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On August 10, 1998, two named plaintiffs, both of whom had paraplegia and used wheelchairs, filed a class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee, against the State of Tennessee and 25 Tennessee counties. The plaintiffs alleged past and ongoing ... read more >
On August 10, 1998, two named plaintiffs, both of whom had paraplegia and used wheelchairs, filed a class action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee, against the State of Tennessee and 25 Tennessee counties. The plaintiffs alleged past and ongoing violations of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§12131-12165. The plaintiffs claimed that they had been denied access to the Tennessee state court system because of their disabilities. One plaintiff alleged that when he was ordered to appear at a county courthouse whose courtroom was on the second floor without elevator access, he had to crawl up two flights of stairs to reach the courtroom. When he next returned to the courthouse he refused to pull himself up the stairs again and for safety reasons declined being carried up by security personnel. As a result he was arrested and jailed for failure to appear. The other plaintiff was a certified court reporter who alleged that because she was not able to access many Tennessee county courthouses she lost work opportunities and was denied the opportunity to participate in the judicial process. The plaintiffs sought money damages and injunctive relief to modify the inaccessible courthouses.

On October 5, 1998, Tennessee moved to have the case dismissed on Eleventh Amendment Grounds, arguing that Title II of the ADA was invalid to the extent that it authorized private parties to file federal lawsuits for money damages against states. On November 10, 1998, the District Court denied this motion. Tennessee appealed to the federal Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, and proceedings in the district court were stayed while this appeal was pending. On July 16, 2002, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the District Court's denial of the motion to dismiss (Judge Boyce F. Martin, Jr writing for a three-judge panel). Lane v. Tennessee, 40 Fed.Appx. 911 (2012). The Court of Appeals granted a rehearing on the issue before the same three-judge panel, and on January 10, 2003 it issued an Amended Judgment, wherein the Court (Judge Martin) again affirmed the lower court's decision and explained that, because the Plaintiffs were "seeking to vindicate" their due process "right of access to the courts," the action was not barred by the Eleventh Amendment. Lane v. Tennessee, 315 F.3d 680 (2003).

Tennessee petitioned for certiorari from the Supreme Court of the United States, and the Supreme Court granted certiorari. At this point the United States of America, represented by attorneys from Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, joined the Plaintiffs as respondents. On May 17, 2004, the Supreme Court, in an opinion by Justice John Paul Stevens, upheld the constitutionality of the ADA's application against states. The Court found that Congress had abundant evidence that the states frequently denied people with disabilities fundamental rights protected by the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, including the right to access courts. Further, the remedy Congress enacted was congruent and proportional, because the "reasonable accommodations" mandated by the ADA were not unduly burdensome and disproportionate to the harm. Garrett, the Court said, covered only Equal Protection claims, not Due Process claims. Therefore the law was constitutional. Tennessee v. Lane, 541 U.S. 509 (2004).

On August 17, 2004, the District Court denied the Plaintiffs' motion to certify the class, finding that the question of whether each particular member of the proposed class was discriminated against because of their disability would need to be determined on an individual basis, considering the conditions of the particular courthouses, and that therefore class action was inappropriate. Shortly thereafter the parties began negotiating settlements.

In February and March of 2005, the Plaintiffs entered separate settlements with the State of Tennessee and with each of the defendant counties. Tennessee agreed to pay the Plaintiffs $905,000 in attorneys' fees and costs. Tennessee also agreed to recommend to the Tennessee Supreme Court that it implement a comprehensive policy ensuring ADA compliance at state and county courthouses.

Each of the counties agreed to make modifications to their courthouses to make them accessible to wheelchair users and other people with mobility impairments. The Defendants agreed to cooperate in the appointment of ninety-five Local Judicial Program ADA Coordinators. Each county agreed to pay $2,680, totaling $67,000, in attorneys' fees and costs. The Plaintiffs did not receive money damages.

Alex Colbert-Taylor - 06/12/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Monitoring
Reasonable Accommodation
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
Mobility impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Access to public accommodations - governmental
Buildings
Government Services (specify)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Defendant(s) Tennessee
Plaintiff Description Paraplegics alleging that Tennessee and a number of its counties had denied them physical access to that State’s courts
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2005 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2005
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Links The Oyez Project, Tennessee v Lane, 541 U.S. 509 (2004).
www.oyez.org
Posted: May. 17, 2004
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:98-cv-00731 (M.D. Tenn.) 08/17/2005
DR-TN-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 08/10/1998
DR-TN-0001-0009 PDF | Detail
Defendant State of Tennessee's Motion to Dismiss 11/10/1998
DR-TN-0001-0007 PDF | Detail
Order 07/16/2002 (40 Fed.Appx. 911)
DR-TN-0001-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Petition for a Writ of Certiorari 07/16/2002
DR-TN-0001-0006 PDF | Detail
Order [on petition for rehearing] 09/20/2002 (2002 U.S.App.LEXIS 20209)
DR-TN-0001-0049 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Opinion (as amended) 01/10/2003 (315 F.3d 680)
DR-TN-0001-0046 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 06/23/2003 (539 U.S. 941)
DR-TN-0001-0050 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Brief of Amici Curiae In Support of Petitioners 09/08/2003
DR-TN-0001-0035 PDF | Detail
Appendix to Brief 11/01/2003
DR-TN-0001-0004 PDF | Detail
Brief for the American Bar Association as Amicus Curiae Supporting Respondents 11/01/2003
DR-TN-0001-0034 PDF | Detail
Brief for the United States 11/01/2003
DR-TN-0001-0038 PDF | Detail
Brief for Amici Curiae Paralyzed Veterans of America, American Psychiatric Association, and 23 Other Organizations in Support of Respondents 11/01/2003
DR-TN-0001-0040 PDF | Detail
Blanche Fischer Brief 11/11/2003
DR-TN-0001-0036 PDF | Detail
Brief of the States of Minnesota, Connecticut, Illinois, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, Washington, and Wisconsin Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents 11/11/2003
DR-TN-0001-0043 PDF | Detail
Brief of Petitioner 11/11/2003
DR-TN-0001-0045 PDF | Detail
Brief for Private Respondents 11/12/2003
DR-TN-0001-0037 PDF | Detail
Brief of the States of Kansas and Delaware Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents 11/12/2003
DR-TN-0001-0039 PDF | Detail
Brief of Amici Curiae The Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law 11/12/2003
DR-TN-0001-0041 PDF | Detail
Brief for the Training and Advocacy Support Center of the National Association of Protection and Advocacy Systems as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondents 11/12/2003
DR-TN-0001-0042 PDF | Detail
Brief of the Honorable Dick Thornburgh, National Org. on Disability, American Assoc. of People with Disabilities, and ADA Watch as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents 11/12/2003
DR-TN-0001-0044 PDF | Detail
Opinion 12/08/2003 (540 U.S. 1072)
DR-TN-0001-0048 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 05/17/2004 (541 U.S. 509)
DR-TN-0001-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion [denying motion for class certification] 08/17/2004 (2004 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 25369) (M.D. Tenn.)
DR-TN-0001-0051 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Settlement Agreement - Bledsoe County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0010 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Chester County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0012 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Claiborne County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0013 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Clay County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0014 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Cocke County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0015 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Decatur County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0016 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Fayette County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0017 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Grainger County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0018 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Hancock County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0019 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Hawkins County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0020 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Hickman County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0021 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Houston County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0022 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Jackson County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0023 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Jefferson County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0024 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Lake County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0025 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Lewis County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0026 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Meigs County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0027 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Moore County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0028 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Perry County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0029 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Pickett County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0030 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Polk County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0031 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Trousdale County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0032 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement - Van Buren County 02/23/2005
DR-TN-0001-0033 PDF | Detail
Compromise and Settlement Agreement 03/07/2005
DR-TN-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Order [dismissing attorneys' fees claim on settlement] 08/16/2005
DR-TN-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement - Cannon County 11/29/2006
DR-TN-0001-0011 PDF | Detail
Judges Breyer, Stephen Gerald (First Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Campbell, Todd J. (M.D. Tenn.)
DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0011 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0013 | DR-TN-0001-0014 | DR-TN-0001-0015 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0017 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0019 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0021 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0024 | DR-TN-0001-0025 | DR-TN-0001-0026 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0028 | DR-TN-0001-0029 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Griffin, Juliet E. (M.D. Tenn.) [Magistrate]
DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0011 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0013 | DR-TN-0001-0014 | DR-TN-0001-0015 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0017 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0019 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0021 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0024 | DR-TN-0001-0025 | DR-TN-0001-0026 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0028 | DR-TN-0001-0029 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033
Higgins, Thomas Aquinas (M.D. Tenn.)
DR-TN-0001-0007 | DR-TN-0001-0009
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (Ninth Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Martin, Boyce Ficklen Jr. (Sixth Circuit)
DR-TN-0001-0005 | DR-TN-0001-0046 | DR-TN-0001-0049
O'Connor, Sandra Day (SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Rehnquist, William Hubbs (SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Scalia, Antonin (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Siler, Eugene Edward Jr. (E.D. Ky., W.D. Ky., Sixth Circuit)
DR-TN-0001-0005 | DR-TN-0001-0049
Souter, David Hackett (First Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Stevens, John Paul (SCOTUS, Seventh Circuit)
DR-TN-0001-0003 | DR-TN-0001-0048
Suhrheinrich, Richard Fred (Sixth Circuit, E.D. Mich.)
DR-TN-0001-0005 | DR-TN-0001-0049
Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS)
DR-TN-0001-0048
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bagenstos, Samuel R. (Massachusetts)
DR-TN-0001-0037
Brown, William J. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0009 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0011 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0013 | DR-TN-0001-0014 | DR-TN-0001-0015 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0017 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0019 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0021 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0024 | DR-TN-0001-0025 | DR-TN-0001-0026 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0028 | DR-TN-0001-0029 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033 | DR-TN-0001-0037 | DR-TN-0001-0046 | DR-TN-0001-0049 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Dardarian, Linda M. (California)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0011 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0013 | DR-TN-0001-0014 | DR-TN-0001-0015 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0017 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0019 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0021 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0024 | DR-TN-0001-0025 | DR-TN-0001-0026 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0028 | DR-TN-0001-0029 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Goldstein, Thomas C. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0037
Housepian, Gary D. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Lafferty, Martha M. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0011 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0013 | DR-TN-0001-0014 | DR-TN-0001-0015 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0017 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0019 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0021 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0024 | DR-TN-0001-0025 | DR-TN-0001-0026 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0028 | DR-TN-0001-0029 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Steele, Roberta L. (California)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Collier, Mary Martelle (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0006 | DR-TN-0001-0045 | DR-TN-0001-0046 | DR-TN-0001-0049
Donnell, Thomas M. Jr. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0010 | DR-TN-0001-0012 | DR-TN-0001-0016 | DR-TN-0001-0018 | DR-TN-0001-0020 | DR-TN-0001-0022 | DR-TN-0001-0023 | DR-TN-0001-0027 | DR-TN-0001-0030 | DR-TN-0001-0031 | DR-TN-0001-0032 | DR-TN-0001-0033 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Draper, William Lawrence (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Mantooth, David Randall (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Martin, S. Elizabeth (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0006 | DR-TN-0001-0045 | DR-TN-0001-0046 | DR-TN-0001-0049 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
McMurtry, Sarannah L. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Moore, Michael E. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0006 | DR-TN-0001-0045
Ogle, Stephen S. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Quinn, John E. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0002 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Reeves, Pamela Lynn (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Rhea, Floyd (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Rowell, Nathan D. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Stanley, Larry B. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Summers, Paul G. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0006 | DR-TN-0001-0045
Tolson, Peggy (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0001 | DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Upchurch, Howard L. (Tennessee)
DR-TN-0001-0051 | DR-TN-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Anderson, Kristyn (Minnesota)
DR-TN-0001-0043
Archer, Dennis W. (Illinois)
DR-TN-0001-0034
Armstrong, Timothy K. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Arnwine, Barbara R. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Asbill, Sutherland (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Babcock, Sherril Nell (California)
DR-TN-0001-0036
Booth, David M. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0042
Bossing, Lewis (California)
DR-TN-0001-0044
Bowker, David W. (Illinois)
DR-TN-0001-0034
Brady, M. Jane (Delaware)
DR-TN-0001-0039
Broy, Andrew W. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Bruning, Jon (Nebraska)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Burnim, Ira Abraham (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Carbonez, Kristien (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Center, Claudia B. (California)
DR-TN-0001-0044
Crank, Patrick J. (Wyoming)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Cunningham, Gary R. (Minnesota)
DR-TN-0001-0043
Dadey, Kristin M. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Danzig, Deborah M. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Davies, David W. (Kansas)
DR-TN-0001-0039
DeZago, Ralph James (Kansas)
DR-TN-0001-0039
Dillickrath, Thomas (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Edmondson, W. A. Drew (Oklahoma)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Eng, Vincent A. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Foreman, Michael L. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Forrester, Nathan A. (Alabama)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Galanter, Seth Michael (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0046
Gans, Abbey (New York)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Groseclose, Richard (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Harrington, Sarah E. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0004 | DR-TN-0001-0038 | DR-TN-0001-0046
Hatch, Mike (Minnesota)
DR-TN-0001-0043
Haun, Kathryn R. (Alabama)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Hayes, Dennis Courtland (Maryland)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Henderson, Thomas J. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Ide, Jennifer N. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Kennedy, Harry (Kansas)
DR-TN-0001-0039
Kline, Phill (Kansas)
DR-TN-0001-0039
Kristen, Elizabeth (California)
DR-TN-0001-0044
Lawson, Nicole D. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Lester, Charles Jr. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Lieberman, Michael (New York)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Maer, Foster (New York)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Mathis, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Mayerson, Arlene Brynne (California)
DR-TN-0001-0044
McAhren, Kristen (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
McCallum, Elizabeth B. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Menard, Richard H. Jr. (Alabama)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Minceberg, Elliot (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Oppenheimer, James Chad (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0042
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Rich, John Townsend (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0042
Rockoff, Jennifer M. (Illinois)
DR-TN-0001-0034
Roseborough, Teresa Wynn (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0041
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0004 | DR-TN-0001-0038
Sandoval, Brian Edward (Nevada)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Schaerr, Gene C. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Shurtleff, Mark L. (Utah)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Silver, Jessica Dunsay (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0004 | DR-TN-0001-0038
Sinkfield, Richard H. (Georgia)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Stenehjem, Wayne (North Dakota)
DR-TN-0001-0035
Tower, Andrew P. (District of Columbia)
DR-TN-0001-0040
Wolfson, Paul R. Q. (Illinois)
DR-TN-0001-0034
Yee, Silvia (California)
DR-TN-0001-0044

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