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Case Name Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, Missouri IM-MO-0001
Docket / Court 06-CC-3802 ( State Court )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization MALDEF
Case Summary
On September 22, 2006, plaintiffs (landlords and employers in Valley Park Missouri, and the non-profit Equal Housing Opportunity Council) brought suit in state court, represented by a large group of lawyers from advocacy organizations, law school clinics, and several St. Louis law firms. ... read more >
On September 22, 2006, plaintiffs (landlords and employers in Valley Park Missouri, and the non-profit Equal Housing Opportunity Council) brought suit in state court, represented by a large group of lawyers from advocacy organizations, law school clinics, and several St. Louis law firms. Plaintiffs sought a declaration that the City of Valley Park's Ordinance 1708 was unlawful, under both state and federal law. The Ordinance made it illegal to employ or house an "illegal alien" (the term was undefined).

The Court (Judge Barbara Wallace) granted a temporary restraining order on September 25, 2006. Valley Park immediately amended the ordinance, substituting Ordinance 1715. After a hearing, Judge Wallace promptly enjoined its operation as well. The parties began discovery.

At this point, Valley Park removed the case to federal court, where it proceeded before Judge Richard Webber of the Eastern District of Missouri. Once the parties agreed to the continued suspension of the Ordinance's implementation until a later hearing on its merits, discovery proceeded while the plaintiffs sought remand to state court.

On November 15, 2006, the District Court (Judge Webber) remanded the case to state court, on plaintiffs' motion. The case was set for trial. Just before the scheduled trial, the city again amended the ordinance, passing two replacements. One had to do with housing, the other with employment. On March 12, 2007, the state court (Judge Wallace) held that the new ordinances did not moot the case, and entered a permanent injunction against operation of Ordinances 1708 and 1715. The Court held the Ordinances went beyond Valley Park's authority as a 4th Class muncipality, and found that the housing provisions conflicted with state landlord tenant law. This order was later appealed by both parties, but the appellate court dismissed the appeal for mootness, and plaintiff was not awarded attorney's fees (Reynolds v. City of Valley Park, 254 SW 3d 264, 266 (2008)).

After the court's order was issued, the City Council decided to try to repeal the new versions of the housing ordinance. The vote to do so was vetoed by the Mayor, however, and an override was unsuccessful. The status of the employment ordinance was less clear; its effective date language stated that it would not come into effect until the preliminary injunction in this case was lifted, but that injunction had been made a permanent one by the court's decision.

Most of the plaintiffs in the case filed a new case challenging the housing ordinance (Reynolds II: same caption, different docket number). The court in that case (Judge Whittington) promptly granted a temporary restraining order, on April 5, 2007. By the parties' agreement on April 25, that restraining order was extended until briefing and resolution of dispositive motions.

At about the same time, one of the plaintiffs in Reynolds I filed her own challenge, Gray v. City of Valley Park. When she moved for a preliminary injunction, the City removed that case to federal district court. Details are available at IM-MO-2.

Next, in July 2007, the City amended the housing ordinance to eliminate the parts referring to immigration. The city then filed a motion to dismiss this case as moot, which Judge Barbara Ann Crancer granted on August 4, 2007.

In August 2007, however, the City amended the employment ordinance to make it effective even without the lifting of the injunction in the first state court case. The plaintiffs filed a motion for contempt on August 16, 2007, arguing that this violated the court order in the first state-court case. Judge Wallace denied that motion on October 16, 2007 without comment.

At the time of the summary, there was no information about any further challenges under the permanent injunction.

Elizabeth Daligga - 07/16/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Federalism
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Local / state enforcement of immigration laws (duplicate)
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) Valley Park
Plaintiff Description Landlord/owners of rental properties in Valley Park, Missouri. and fair housing agency.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2006 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-MO-0002 : Gray v. City of Valley Park (E.D. Mo.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
06-CC-3802 (State Trial Court) 10/10/2006
IM-MO-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
4:06-cv-01487-ERW (E.D. Mo.) 10/12/2006
IM-MO-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Valley Park Ordinance 1708 07/17/2006
IM-MO-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Prosecuting Attorney Form Letter 09/14/2006
IM-MO-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Petition for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 09/22/2006
IM-MO-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Motion for Temporary Restraining Order 09/22/2006
IM-MO-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Temporary Restraining Order 09/25/2006
IM-MO-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Valley Park Ordinance 1715 (substituting for Ordinance 1708) 09/26/2006
IM-MO-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Amended Petition 09/27/2006
IM-MO-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Motion for Amended Temporary Restraining Order 09/27/2006
IM-MO-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Affidavit of Stephen Legomsky 09/27/2006
IM-MO-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Amended Temporary Restraining Order 09/27/2006
IM-MO-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Orders Enlarging Discovery Time 10/06/2006
IM-MO-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Notice of Removal 10/10/2006
IM-MO-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Memorandum and Order [on Remand] 11/15/2006 (2006 WL 3331082) (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Ordinance 1721 and Amendment 02/14/2007
IM-MO-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Ordindance 1722 and Amendment 02/14/2007
IM-MO-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings and Supporting Memorandum 02/20/2007
IM-MO-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Trial Brief 02/22/2007
IM-MO-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, Order & Judgment 03/12/2007 (2007 WL 857320)
IM-MO-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Documents Required to Apply for a Valley Park Occupancy Permit 04/04/2007
IM-MO-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Petition for Declaratory Relief and a Temporary, Preliminary and Permanent Injunction 04/04/2007
IM-MO-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order 04/04/2007
IM-MO-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Temporary Restraining Order 04/05/2007 (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Affidavit of Jerry Lee 05/29/2007
IM-MO-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment and Memorandum of Law in Support 05/31/2007
IM-MO-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Motion of Defendants to Dismiss Plaintiff's Petition for Declaratory Relief and Temporary, Preliminary, and Permanent Injunction 07/19/2007
IM-MO-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss 07/25/2007
IM-MO-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Order and Judgment 08/03/2007
IM-MO-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ordinance 1736: An Ordinance Amending Ordinance 1722 08/09/2007
IM-MO-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for Reconsideration of Dismissal or . . . 08/10/2007
IM-MO-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 08/16/2007
IM-MO-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs Windhover, Inc.’s and Jacqueline Gray's Memorandum in Support of Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 09/19/2007
IM-MO-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs Windhover, Inc.'s and Jacqueline Gray's Memorandum in Support of Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 09/19/2007
IM-MO-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Support of Motion for Contempt 09/20/2007
IM-MO-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Motion of Defendants' to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 09/20/2007
IM-MO-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Memorandum in Support of Motion of Defendants' to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 09/20/2007
IM-MO-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Defendants' Supplemental Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause and Contempt 10/12/2007
IM-MO-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Order [Denying Plaintiff's Motion to Show Cause/Contempt] 10/16/2007
IM-MO-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
An Ordinance Amending the Effective Date of Ordinance No. 1736 11/29/2007
IM-MO-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Brief of Appellants 03/18/2008
IM-MO-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Brief of Appellants with regard to Respondents' Cross-Appeal on the issue of Attorney's Fees 03/18/2008
IM-MO-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Opinion, Missouri Court of Appeals, Eastern District 06/03/2008 (254 S.W.3d 264)
IM-MO-0001-0041.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Document Source: State Court Website
Judges Cohen, Patricia L. Court not on record
IM-MO-0001-0039
Crancer, Barbara Ann (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0027 | IM-MO-0001-0039
Draper, George W. III (State Appellate Court)
IM-MO-0001-0041
Wallace, Barbara W. (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0005 | IM-MO-0001-0010 | IM-MO-0001-0017 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0036 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Webber, E. Richard (E.D. Mo.)
IM-MO-0001-0013 | IM-MO-0001-0039
Whittington, Carolyn (State Trial Court)
IM-MO-0001-0022 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ammann, John J. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Bagenstos, Samuel R. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-9000
Bermudez, Fernando (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Carver, Elizabeth C. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0041
Chang, Jennifer (California)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Ferrick, Elizabeth (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000
Fuentes, Gabriel A. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035
Gelernt, Lee (New York)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018
Hurtado, Daniel J. (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041
Ituarte, Jesus (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Jadwat, Omar C. (New York)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Kenyon, Marie A. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Martinez, Linda (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
McGraugh, Susan (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Meza, Ricardo (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Nagda, Jennifer (Illinois)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037
Ramirez, Anthony B. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Rothert, Anthony E. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0037 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Schlanger, Margo (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Sharp, Rhiana (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Tokarz, Karen (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Wisniewski, Kathy A. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0030 | IM-MO-0001-0031 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Young, John F. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0003 | IM-MO-0001-0004 | IM-MO-0001-0006 | IM-MO-0001-0007 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9000 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Baker, Randall P. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041
Kobach, Kris W. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040
Leonatti, Louis J. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040
Martin, Eric M. (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0011 | IM-MO-0001-0012 | IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0025 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0034 | IM-MO-0001-0035 | IM-MO-0001-0039 | IM-MO-0001-0040 | IM-MO-0001-0041 | IM-MO-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Baker, Alan (Missouri)
IM-MO-0001-0014 | IM-MO-0001-0018 | IM-MO-0001-0020 | IM-MO-0001-0021 | IM-MO-0001-0023 | IM-MO-0001-0026 | IM-MO-0001-0028 | IM-MO-0001-0032 | IM-MO-0001-0033 | IM-MO-0001-0035

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