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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Laube v. Haley PC-AL-0011
Docket / Court 2:02-cv-00957 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Attorney Organization Southern Center for Human Rights
Case Summary
On August 19, 2002, female prisoners in Alabama filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The prisoners sued under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 challenging conditions of their confinement under the Eighth Amendment. This class action suit, brought on behalf of all ... read more >
On August 19, 2002, female prisoners in Alabama filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The prisoners sued under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 challenging conditions of their confinement under the Eighth Amendment. This class action suit, brought on behalf of all female state prisoners in Alabama, was based on the following claims of unconstitutional conditions: overcrowding, inadequate supervision in open dorms, inadequate inmate classification, inmate violence, the availability of weapons, the small number of segregation cells, inadequate living space, inadequate ventilation, extreme heat during the summer, and inadequate medical and mental health care. The prisoners were represented by the Southern Center for Human Rights along with several private attorneys.

On December 2, 2002, the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (Judge Myron H. Thompson) granted a preliminary injunction to prisoners incarcerated at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women (Tutwiler). Laube v. Haley, 234 F.Supp.2d 1227 (M.D.Ala. 2002). The Court found that significant understaffing in greatly overcrowded inmate dorms resulted in an impermissibly unsafe environment for inmates. The Court also ordered state officials to submit a plan to remedy the unconstitutional conditions. Judge Thompson rejected the initial plan submitted by the state by holding that a lack of funding was no excuse for deficiencies in the plan. Laube v. Haley, 242 F.Supp.2d 1150 (M.D.Ala. 2003).

In February 2003, Judge Thompson granted the defendant's motion to substitute parties. The case was subsequently referred to as Laube v. Campbell. Correctional officers then moved to intervene in the action by contending that the unconstitutional conditions at Tutwiler prevented them from performing duties which were necessary to avoid civil liability and criminal penalties. Judge Thompson denied the motion and held that correctional officers' interests did not warrant intervention. Laube v. Campbell, 215 F.R.D. 655 (M.D.Ala.2003).

On March 28, 2003, Judge Thompson held that that the preliminary injunction had expired. Laube v. Campbell, 255 F.Supp.2d 1301 (M.D.Ala. 2003). The Court found that under the provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA), 18 U.S.C. § 3626, a preliminary injunction automatically expires after 90 days. The Court additionally noted that the prisoners were able to move for another preliminary injunction if they so desired.

Subsequently, the parties reached settlement agreements. On August 23, 2004, Judge Thompson approved the two four-year settlement agreements proposed by the parties: a conditions settlement agreement and a medical settlement agreement. Laube v. Campbell, 333 F.Supp.2d 1234 (M.D.Ala. 2004). The conditions settlement agreement covered population flow, heat, ventilation, exercise, recreation, safety and security staffing, segregation cells, and classification. The medical settlement agreement covered access to care, intake medical screening, available medical services, medical staffing, pharmaceuticals, records and reporting.

Litigation continued over attorney's fees and modifications to the settlement agreements. On August 31, 2007, Judge Thompson issued a 107 page Opinion and Order, ruling on the prisoners' application for attorneys' fees and awarding plaintiffs' attorneys' fees and expenses totaling $538,178.14. The Court noted that if additional enforcement fees were incurred, the prisoners could make further application for payment of those fees.

On December 17, 2009, the Court held a status conference during which the parties notified the court of the defendant has satisfied all of the terms of the settlement agreements. In light of this conference, on January 25, 2010, the court issued an order of final judgment closing the case.

However, on May 12, 2010, another prisoner filed a motion for reconsideration. On May 14, 2010, the court (Judge Myron H. Thompson) denied the motion for reconsideration. The prisoner appealed this denial to the Eleventh Circuit. On November 10, 2010, the Eleventh Circuit found that the appeal was frivolous and dismissed the appeal.

Tom Madison - 11/10/2006
Jessica Kincaid - 03/18/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Administrative segregation
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Assault/abuse by staff
Classification / placement
Counseling
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Birmingham Work Release Center
Edwina Mitchell Work Release Center
Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women
Plaintiff Description All women who are now or will in the future be incarcerated in an Alabama Department of Corrections facility.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Center for Human Rights
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2004 - 2010
Case Closing Year 2010
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
02-957 (M.D. Ala.) 11/10/2010
PC-AL-0011-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 08/19/2002
PC-AL-0011-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint 09/13/2002
PC-AL-0011-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Dismissing Defendants] 09/18/2002 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0008.pdf | Detail
Opinion [re: Preliminary Injunction] 12/02/2002 (234 F.Supp.2d 1227) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Second Amended Complaint 01/07/2003
PC-AL-0011-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 01/29/2003 (242 F.Supp.2d 1150) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order [Granting Motion to Compel] 03/13/2003 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0010.pdf | Detail
Consent Protective Order 03/17/2003 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0011.pdf | Detail
[Appeals Order] 03/23/2003
PC-AL-0011-0012.pdf | Detail
Order [Denying Motion to Intervene] 03/27/2003 (215 F.R.D. 655) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order [re: Preliminary Injunction] 03/28/2003 (255 F.Supp.2d 1301) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order [Denying Motion to Dismiss] 04/29/2003 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0004.pdf | Detail
Order of Dismissal Pursuant to Stipulation 10/01/2003 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0013.pdf | Detail
Consent Protective Order 03/31/2004 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0014.pdf | Detail
Conditions Settlement Agreement 07/01/2004
PC-AL-0011-0006.pdf | Detail
Medical Settlement Agreement 07/01/2004
PC-AL-0011-0007.pdf | Detail
Order [Granting Class Certification] 07/01/2004 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0015.pdf | Detail
Opinion 08/23/2004 (333 F.Supp.2d 1234) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order [Denying Defendant's Motion to Dismiss] 12/02/2005 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0009.pdf | Detail
Opinion and Order 08/31/2007 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment 01/25/2010 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Carnes, Edward Earl (Eleventh Circuit)
PC-AL-0011-0012
Coody, Charles S. (M.D. Ala.) [Magistrate]
PC-AL-0011-0010 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Thompson, Myron Herbert (M.D. Ala., N.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0011-0004 | PC-AL-0011-0008 | PC-AL-0011-0009 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0013 | PC-AL-0011-0014 | PC-AL-0011-0015 | PC-AL-0011-0016 | PC-AL-0011-0017 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Wilson, Charles R. (Eleventh Circuit, M.D. Fla.) [Magistrate]
PC-AL-0011-0012
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bright, Stephen B. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0001 | PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0005 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0014 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Caldas, Tamara S. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0014 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Chartoff, Marion D. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0001 | PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0005 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0022
Chartoff, Marion D. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Hanlon, Stephen F (District of Columbia)
PC-AL-0011-9000
Kung, Lisa L. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0001 | PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0005 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0014 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Rohr, Gretchen Naomi (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Russell, John A. III (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0001 | PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0005 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0014 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Schulz, George E. Jr. (Florida)
PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Serwer, Tamara H. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0011-0001 | PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0005 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0022
Defendant's Lawyers Addison, William F. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Calligaro, Lee (District of Columbia)
PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Campbell, Charles B. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Clark, Paul Anthony (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Dill, William D. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000
Doyle, James Victor Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Hosp, Edward Andrew (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Hosp, Ted (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0003
James, Susan Graham (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000 | PC-AL-0011-9000
King, Troy Robin (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Knee, Tara S (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000
Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0006 | PC-AL-0011-0007 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Maples Henley, Alice Miller (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Murrill, James Edward Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Nickson, Hugh C. III (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Palombo, Ken (Tennessee)
PC-AL-0011-0014
Patton, James Arthur Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Perkins, Giles G. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0011 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0018 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Shipper, Michael Morris (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-0003 | PC-AL-0011-0019 | PC-AL-0011-0020 | PC-AL-0011-0021 | PC-AL-0011-0022 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Simmons, Denise Arden (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Thomas, Kim Tobias (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000
Wallis, Kenneth Dallon II (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000
Williams, Norbert Hershael (Alabama)
PC-AL-0011-9000 | PC-AL-0011-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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